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The Middle Ages
Transcript of The Middle Ages
What was it? Question 1:
What was their religion? Question 1:
Why did builders only use tiny slits for windows, or not any at all? The Middle Ages The knight is having trouble- he can't reach his
castle! Help him get there to save his princess
by answering the following questions concerning the culture of the Middle Ages. Every question you correctly answer you get a point. However, if you answer a question wrong, you may still proceed to the next question or section depending on which question it is, but you will not get a point. Whoever gets the most points total wins the game. Question 2: Question 3: Question 4: Why was it created? What were the vassals
obligations to the lords? What is a lord and vassal? tortured as a punishment? Question 2: How were people tortured? Give examples. Question 3: What were the main crimes people were accused of, and therefore, were Question 1: What caused the Black
Death? What were some symptoms? Question 4: What is famine and what caused it? Religion Question 2:
What punishments did the Church give when laws were broken? Question 3:
What was the name
of the laws the Church
created? Question 4:
How did their religion influence the people's decisions and behaviors? Question 5:
What power did the Church have? Question 2:
How did the Gothic Style begin? Question 3:
What were some of the key features of the Gothic style? Question 4:
What did the style of Churches mean
to the people? Question 5:
What was one of the greatest achievements of architecture in the Middle Ages? A lord was a high authority who had control over others. he was considered the highet ranking in the Middle Ages social class. A vassal was a person that was granted a piece of land in return for rendering homage, fielty, and military service. Lords and vassals had obligations to each other. Feudalism was a dominant social system in Medieval Europe in which the social classes related to each other in exchange for a piece of land. When a vassal had obligations to their lord, they would keep six specific rules in their mind. These were: What may be harmless to their lord, and what will be safe, honorable, useful, easy, and practicable for him. A vassal would assure that their lord's best interests were kept in mind, and that he should be safe and at ease whenever possible. The lord would also act the same way towards his faithful vassal. Feudalism was created because emperors were too weak to maintain law and order during invasions. Builders were afraid to put in large windows because they believed it would weaken the walls that held up the roof too much. This style also made the church dark and gloomy. In 1150, Abbot Suger wanted to construct a new abbey church St. Denis in Paris. He told people he wanted it to "Shine wonderful and uninterrupted light." His desire urged the builders to develop and start the Gothic style. The flying buttress was a major stone support that was found outside the church. These supports allowed builders to make higher walls, and leave space for another feature, he stained glass windows. Features such as these along with the lofty ceilings, pointed look, taller cathedrals, and graceful spirits were what created the Gothic Style. People tortured were accused of either committing heresy (speaking out against the Church) or other crimes including poaching and stealing. People were tortured through a variety of devices. Some common ones were the wheel and brazen bull. The wheel would anchor down the feet and stretch the torso around the wheel. Many tortures took place in public areas to warn the townspeople. Famine is a shortage of food throughout a large area. Famines in the Middle Ages were caused by the rapid expansion in Europe's population and the soil became depleted. causing grain to not grow. The Black Death was spread through fleas on rats, and then spread to people's lungs. The disease became air-borne and was spread just like the common cold. Symptoms included swelling in the arm pit and/or groin area. All of the people had agreed that the Gothic Style made Churches not only a better place to look at, but also to be in. It was said that the features both inside and outside of the Church carried the eye upward to the heavens and enlightened spirits of those inside. Those faithful to the Church gave money. They are: labor and skills to help build more of these Churches and monuments. The towering, stone cathedrals are what someone would refer to as the greatest part of architecture in the Middle Ages. They symbolized
the wealth of the people and their religious devotion. French author Victor Hugo wrote, "In the Middle Ages, men had no great thoughts that they did not write down in stone." The people of the Middle Ages practiced the religion of Christianity. These laws were callled the Canon Laws. The Canon Laws were created by the Church adn dealt with excommunication and other major decisions. The Church gave punishments that were very harsh for crimes committed and other penalties. One of the forms of punishment was excommunication. Excommunication had banned the people from attending the church and was believed to send all those who were punished by it to eternal hell. The church could also make the punishment to interdict, which is the same type of idea as excommunication but with an entire town opposed to a single person. The Church was believed to be considered more important than feudalism at this time. Also, it had the power to make some of the major decisions that were occurring in the society. For example, the Pope was considered especially powerful and made the decisions for the Christians to go fight in Jerusalem, which had then led to the first out of the nine crusades. The Church had a major influence on the people of the town, and even helped them to make their decisions. Churches controlled the spiritual life and beliefs of most Christians, and guided them on their issues regarding values in morality. If the people had a major problem occurring in their lives, they would go to church and ask God for help opposed to taking severe actions.