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Transcript of greek arcaticture
Greek life was dominated by religion and so it is not surprising that the temples of ancient Greece were the biggest and most beautiful.They also had a political purpose as they were often built to celebrate power and pride.
It was the ancient Greeks who invented 3 beautiful types of columns. These were used all over ancient Greece to hold up buildings and rooftops and temples.
by Alan Zhang
who were the greeks
Ionic style columns are taller and thinner in shape then the Doric style column. They can be identified by their scroll like shape at the top of the Column. The bottoms of the columns were decorated, not as plain as the Doric style.so
The Corinthian column is the most decorative and grand looking of the other two. The bottom and top of the column were decorated with flowers and floral patterns.
Doric style columns are the simplest looking column and are the oldest of the three column designs. The column has no base and very little decoration.The shaft (the tall part of the column) is plain and has 20 sides. There is no base in the Doric order
The Greeks built temples, theatres, assembly halls, Stoas and gymnasiums. Greek pillars were slightly tilted to provide better support.
Famous temples of Greece
The Parthenon is a temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Its construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the height of its power. It was completed in 438 BC and is the most famous example of the Doric order.
Temple of Hephaestus
Parts of a column
Located about 500 meters north-west of the famous Acropolis, The Temple of Hephaestus is the best-preserved Greek temple in the world, although it is far less known then the Parthenon.