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Roots, Routes & Routers

M Lim, Canada Research Chair Public Inaugural Lecture, November 6th, 2014
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m lim

on 28 September 2017

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Transcript of Roots, Routes & Routers

ROOTS
where does a movement begin?

| brokering & bridging
fragmented
plural loose network
digital networks
-- not inherent to collective movement
collective
democracy : human rights
political reform : judicial independence : emergency law
labor issue : women's rights
corruption
torture/police brutality
unemployment
poverty
bring
down
Mubarak
public display of resistance. urban public space as a stage
meanings. symbols. narratives
| networks of convergence
sustaining virtually
ROUTERS
| fixed & mobile urban networks
invisibility & visibility
| occupying, opening, claiming
individual
_______________
_______________
we - they
us - them

shared emotion, anger
| memories. histories. identities
| globalizing the movement
| collective & connective actions
global bersih 3.0
Tunisia - Bouazizi
Egypt - Said
repetition
routine

black church, periphery, margin
ROOTS
multiplicity. redundancy. intermodality
local streets, global tweets
THE DAY AFTER
Wall blocking a road into Tahrir square Cairo (The Guardian, 2013)
A blogger Alaa Abdel Fattah was arrested
| contestation continues...
Merlyna Lim, Canada Research Chair in Digital Media & Global Network Society
School of Journalism and Communication, Carleton University
| multiple spaces of origin
| origins
not spontaneous
evolves in existing spaces & networks

ROOTS
| multiple spaces of origin
| textile factory workers
Canada - The Globe and Mail



Canada - The Toronto Star



Spain - El Mundo



Germany - Frankfurter Allgemeine



USA - New York Times



USA - Washington Post



United Kingdom - The Guardian



France - Le Monde
TWITTER
NEWSPAPERS
ISIS
Occupy Central HK
ROOTS
| spaces for alternative, radical imagination
dramatic events were
not
the beginning of movements
| april 6th youth facebook page
ONLINE
OFFLINE
ON/OFFLINE
GLOBAL
| diasporic online activism
LOCAL
| labor activism
LOCAL/NATIONAL/GLOBAL
online activism
ROUTES
| journey. mobilization. process
source: http://letstalkdata.com/2014/10/prevalence-of-occupycentral-in-hong-kong-instagrams/ (Phillip Johnson, 2014)
merlyna lim, 2014
merlyna lim, 2014
merlyna lim, 2014
merlyna lim, 2014
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_1_July_marches
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-16526765
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_1_July_marches
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_1_July_marches
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_1_July_marches
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong_1_July_marches
| "every moment has a history"
ROOTS . ROUTES . ROUTERS
ROOTS
| origins
ROOTS
| multiple spaces of origin
recruiting
linking
expanding
networks. time. space.
framing
critical event(s)
diffusing
Egyptian blogosphere. Malaysian Bersih 2.0/3.0
| framing, collectivizing
cultural
preparation
ROOTS . ROUTES . ROUTERS
| a revolution comes in stages
[Lakey 2003]
organization
building
confrontation
mass political &
economic
non-cooperation
parallel
institutions
politicization
consciousness-raising
“conscientizacion"
collective resistance
unity
alternative institutions
ongoing affinity groups
transformational networks
radical caucuses
create “dilemma demonstrations“
decide whom to influence
campaigns as major tool, move from reactive to proactive
heighten the contrast between protesters and police behavior
anticipate state repression
strikes, boycotts, civil disobedience
non violent
bring down the regime
open a power vacuum
groups into infrastructure of new society
a bottom-up re-structuring
build a transformational network
transformation takes time
social media revolution
ROOTS
| origins
radical imagination
SPACE
TIME
of dissent
of alternative
interactivity. flows. exchanges
transcripts of resistance
OUTERS
OUTES
R
&
OUTERS
OUTES
R
&
invisibility vs visibility
OUTERS
OUTES
R
&
| maneuvering the public space
linking digital & physical
| maneuvering the public space
linking digital & physical
| maneuvering the public space
?
NETWORKS
collective
individual
_______________
_______________
we - they
us - them

shared emotion, anger
| framing, collectivizing
common enemy
victimisation
Hong Kong - Chief Leung
Malaysian Bersih - PM Najib
OCLP HK 'secret' meeting
secondary schools
universities
Cairo, Egypt, 2011
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Bersih), 2012
Tunis, Tunisia, 2011
Hong Kong (OCLP), 2014
Tunis, Tunisia
Cairo, Egypt
KL, Malaysia
Hong Kong
Ave Habib Bourguiba
Midan Tahrir
Dataran Merdeka
Central.
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-16526765
HONG KONG
EGYPT
TUNIS
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-16526765
MALAYSIA
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-16526765
1998-1999
2003

2004
2005

2006
2007

2008
2009

2010
2011

2012
2013

2014
some moments have really long, deep and complex histories
ROOTS . ROUTES . ROUTERS
OCLPHK
Scholarism
Student unions
Labor unions
Street marches culture
| navigating control
Why do the Tunisian youth demonstrate in the
street
, don't they have
Facebook
?

- Jordanian newspaper, 2011
Why do the Egyptian youth demonstrate at
the square,
don't they have
Twitter
?

Why do the Malaysian youth demonstrate at
the park
, don't they have
smartphones
?

Why do the Hong Kong youth demonstrate in
the city center
, don't they have
Instagram
?
Social media is
NOT
.......
THANK YOU
merlyna.org
academia.edu merlyna lim
Ottawa ON, 2014
map of the Battle of Tahrir Square
Protest manual
2013 Protest Law
Iron-gating the square (MME, 2014)

Online cracking
EGYPT
TUNISIA
MALAYSIA
HONG KONG
from 'Internet enemy' to
Internet policy reform, but ....

"We're still hungry.... but we're not afraid of the government anymore ... we've lost so many, we'll keep fighting for them"
(M. Ali, 2014)
4th year
transition
Peaceful Assembly Act
'partly free'
?
ongoing .....
Sedition Act
Printing Press & Publication Act
Police Act
amendments of
Public Order Ordinance
Computer Crime Ordinance
insurgencies
vs
the everyday
?
controlling. regulating. claiming. reclaiming.
Cairo, Egypt, 2011
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Bersih), 2012
Tunis, Tunisia, 2011
Hong Kong (OCLP), 2014
#bersih network
merlyna lim, 2014
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
2003
sustaining
ROUTERS
sustaining
ROUTERS
sustaining
ROUTERS
sustaining physically
ROUTERS
ROUTES
ROUTES
ROUTES
OUTERS
OUTES
R
&
performing
hybrid networks
intermodality

invisibility & visibility
connective & collective actions
disappearance & appearance
fixed & mobile urban networks
a social movement builds in successive iterations, forms layers and organically expands.
present & hidden
connective structures
local, national, global
flows & places

material & immaterial

networked
multiple networks
multiple spaces
multiple formats
radical imagination
transcripts of resistance
this lecture is dedicated to activists all over the world, especially in Tunisia, Egypt, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Saudi Arabia and Indonesia who have fought and are still fighting for human rights, freedom, and justice
historical timeline of the Egypt Tahrir uprising
The map of issue traffics in the Egyptian blogosphere (2004-2010)
photo by Dennis Sabangan
Google Map
Full transcript