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Public Speaking

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by

Claudia Lobato

on 11 November 2014

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Transcript of Public Speaking

Public Speaking
By, Miriam Bustos, Spencer Garner, Abby Guerra, Masha Lahun, Claudia Lobato, Maritza, and Nina Valdez
THE THREE ELEMENTS OF SUCCESSFUL PUBLIC SPEAKING ARE THE 3
"C's"

CONTENT
The
content
of your speech is all your research!

It's a message packed with practical, easy to remember and useful information.
CONFIDENCE
Confidence is knowing what you share will be valuable and useful!

And that you are
the one
to share it.
CONNECTION
Connection
is what brings the laughter, the tears, the persuasion, the standing ovation.

You must be able to draw the audience into the message
.
Communication Apprehension
The fear or anxiety associated with either real or anticipated communication with another person or persons (McCroskey)

Symptoms can be both physical and psychological
CA is normal (& should occur)

Basic Types of CA: Trait vs. State
Trait Apprehension
- characterized by fear or anxiety with respect to many different types of oral communication encounters.
State Apprehension
- on the other hand, is specific to a given oral communication situation.
& REMEMBER:

RESTATE YOUR THESIS IN YOUR CONCLUSION!
Supporting material in your speech must be...

EFFECTIVE
ETHICAL
APPROPRIATE VISUAL AIDS:
Powerpoint
(Large) Photographs
Handouts
Websites
INAPPROPRIATE VISUAL AIDS:
Posterboard
Writing on the board
Clothing

When using visual aids...
When using outside sources...
THEY MUST BE CITED!

They also must be:
RELEVANT
LEGIT
SCHOLARLY
PARTS OF YOUR SPEECH
Purpose - What you want to do in your speech.

Thesis - The most important idea in your speech.

WE STUDY PUBLIC SPEAKING...

-to prepare us for work
-to teach us to be better listeners
-to encourage critical thinking
-to increase overall confidence
-to LEARN

Kinds of Questions
Open-Ended
Neutral
Closed-Ended
Secondary
Open-Ended Questions:
Open-ended questions are questions that require more than just a "yes" or "no" answer.

Example: "How much does the audience know about gay marriage?"
Neutral Questions:
Neutral questions allow the audience to decide without any sense of pressure

Example: "What do you think the audience would like to know about?"
Things you should know about your audience!

Closed-Ended Questions:
Their expectations
Their attitude
Their Knowledge
Demographic Analysis
How to be effective when giving your speech
Respecting the integrity of your audience
Respecting the integrity of ideas
Close-ended questions are questions that list selected answers

Example: "Will most people in the audience be females? Males?"
Symptoms of Anxiety from Public Speaking
Your hands or legs will shake
Fluctuations in your voice
Rapid speaking
Teaching public speaking
Public speaking instructors usually worry more about students who do not seem nervous
Secondary Questions:
These kinds of questions help set up a new topic and when taken out of context should be able to stand alone

Example: "Are gay marriages a concern for people in this audience?"
CONTENT
CONFIDENCE
CONNECTION
Public speaking becomes easier when you give speeches often.



1 out of 20 people suffer fear of speaking and are unable to get through a public speech.
Determining a speech topic...
The communication event
Your interest
Your relationship to the communication event
Audience analysis...
Determining what the audience already knows or wants to know about your topic
What do these people want from me?
Full transcript