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Transcript of Punjabi
5.) Beas Punjabi Language - In India, Punjabi language is written with Gurmukhi alphabit and they all mainly speak Punjabi.
- In Pakistan, the language is written with Urdu alphabet known as Shahmuki.
- Punjabi is one of India's 22 official languages and was the first official language in East Punjab, India.
- Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 105 million people
- There are 88 million native speakers; this makes it the 12th most widely spoken language in the world. Three major religions Punjabi's practice are Muslim, Sikhism, and Hinduism. In Pakistan, most Punjabi's are Muslim and in India most are Sikhs or Hindus. Music Bhangra is a folk music and dance performed by Punjabi people.
It is traditionally performed during harvest but it has made its way to weddings and New Years.
Bhangra is performed by men while women respond back with a dance called Giddha.
Some Universities hold Bhangra competitions in the U.S., Canada and England. Punjabi Marriage "Wake Up" - Women in India literally goes to wake up neighbors prior to a wedding to sing and dance in their house.
In America, a lot of Punjabi's don't live in close proximity so the tradition cannot be replicated.
Marriages are loud, energetic, full of music, color and dancing. - After a ceremony the bride immediately returns to her home.
- The groom will then go to fetch her. The bride can either refuse to go or stay with her parents.
- If the girl is pregnant or have child, it's impossible for divorce. Marriage Cont. - Many songs are sung at the ceremony
- Bride and Groom have different songs prior to the ceremony and during the ceremony
Bride's side - Jaggo (Wake Up) song lead by the bride's oldest aunt
Groom's side - Sohhle - song of happiness and joy Boston University, USA; Vancouver International Bhangra Explosion (VIBE),Toronto; Imperial College, England - Wedding ceremonies varies by caste and region
- The girl's parents are responsible for the ceremony expenses
- The girl's parents give a dowry that can support her up to 2-3 years, by then she should have children and be a part of her husband's family permanently. Gurmukhi Alphabet Shahmukhi Alphabet Mehndi (Henna) Design - Mehndi is usually applied on the palms and feet during weddings or festivals.
- It became popular in the West during the 1990's and is sometimes known as Henna Tattoo.
- Alata (Mahur) is a flower-based dye used to paint the feet of the bride
- The darker the color the better; it symbolizes the strength and impending marriage.
- Mehndi can sometimes be a whole day ritual and usually the females who are closest to the bride are invited. - Circles or Mandalas are symbols that represent the sun. It has the meaning of caring, protective of infertility, hunger and sorrows of old age. Women Roles - Women have no birth rights to any properties but they have the right to maintenance.
- Once a girl is married she has no control over her body. It has become a possession of her husband and even her parents have no say in it.
- Women are expected to stay home, wake before her husband to fetch water, bathe him and cook. She cleans the house and weave in the afternoon so that she'll have time at night to cook dinner. Marriage Cont. - Roka: informal engagement
- Chunni: cements the engagement
- The boys family presents goods and sweets to the girl's family. They also bring the gown for the girl.
- females closest to the boy (sisters or sister-in-laws) dress the girl and accessorize her
- The bride and groom then sits together and the groom's mom puts a red scarf on the bride's head.
- Families and relatives shower the bride with sweets, bangles, and red accessories on her head. The End