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Two Different Worlds for a Dog

Sociology of Developing Societies
by

Arielle DeGannes

on 25 April 2014

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Transcript of Two Different Worlds for a Dog

What it Means to Live as a Dog
Life in the Developing and Developed World
By: Arielle DeGannes

Veterinary Profession
United States
Median Pay 2012: $84,460 per year ($40.61 per hour)
Entry Level Education: Doctoral or Professional Degree
Number of Jobs 2012: 70,300
Between 2012-2022 there will be 12% growth within the profession
On average worked more than 50hrs per week
2012 Entry Level Salary for First-Year: $65,404
Trinidad
It is unknown how many certified veterinarians are practicing in Trinidad or how much they make. In my family's town there is an estimated 12. That does not include the many "vet techs" that work alongside the vets.
Medications are cheap in Trinidad and easy to come by.
Pet surgeries are pricey in Trinidad consistent with American standards.
The average yearly check up can cost from 100TTD to 300TTD (15USD-50USD). These are not extensive check ups and usually only include stool testing, temperature readings, and physical exams.
One could pay extra to have a vet tech or the vet come out to your house and provide services something that is not common in the US.
Education of Veterinarians
United States
30 Accredited (Or Pending Accreditation) Schools or Colleges of Veterinary Medicine
2,900 Students Graduate Each Year from CVM
Tuition: $18,000 (In State) $38,000 (Out of State)
Debt: $130,000-$170,000
Trinidad
3 Major Universities in Trinidad: University of the West Indies, University of Trinidad and Tobago, and University of the Southern Caribbean
Only 2 offer VM: UWI and UTT
UWI has a full School of Veterinary Medicine while UTT only offers a small program.
Pet Dogs (April 2014)
Stray Dogs (April 2014)
Stray Puppies (April 2014)
My Dogs from Both Worlds
Countries in Question
Definitions
Dog: a domesticated carnivorous mammal that typically has a long snout, an acute sense of smell, and a barking, howling, or whining voice. It is widely kept as a pet or for work or field sports.
Pet: a domestic or tamed animal or bird kept for companionship or pleasure and treated with care and affection.

United States
Population: 317 Million
Dog Population: 70-80 Million
The average veterinary expenditure per household for all pets was $375 in 2011
Trinidad
Population: 1.3 Million
Dog Population: Unknown (No Published Reports)
1 USD=6.46 TTD
Sources
Import Regulations
Intro
http://www.aspca.org/about-us/faq/pet-statistics
https://www.avma.org/KB/Resources/Statistics/Pages/Market-research-statistics-US-Pet-Ownership-Demographics-Sourcebook.aspx
Schooling
http://sta.uwi.edu/fms/vet/
http://u.tt/utt_programme_details.php?utt_programme_key=84
Profession
http://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/veterinarians.htm#tab-1
Import Regulations
http://www.cdc.gov/animalimportation/dogs.html
https://help.cbp.gov/app/answers/detail/a_id/55/~/pets---dogs,-rabies-vaccines
http://www.ttcgnewyork.com/regulationsregardingpets.html
United States
In order to import a dog into the United States one must simply present the proper documentation showing that the dog has been vaccinated at least 30 days prior to arrival.
If a vaccination has not been performed, or if the certificate is not valid, the animal may be admitted if it is confined upon arrival at a place of the owner's choosing. The dog must be vaccinated within four days after arrival at the final destination, but no more than 10 days after arrival at the port of entry. The animal must remain in confinement for at least 30 days after being vaccinated. If the vaccination was performed less than 30 days before arrival, the animal may be admitted but must be confined at a place of the owner's choosing until at least 30 days have passed since the vaccination.
Trinidad
There are three categories of entry for dogs and cats into Trinidad and Tobago.
Direct entry without quarantine.
Entry with 6 months quarantine.
Entry with at least 1 month quarantine.
Within each of these categories there are a list of nations that apply. I have known people who have had their dogs die during their stay in these quarantine facilities.
Life
United States
A 50lb bag of Purina dry dog food costs around 40USD and a case of Pedigree canned wet food costs about 10USD.
3.9 million dogs enter shelters each year but 1.4 million dogs are adopted out to loving families. This does mean sadly that 1.2 million dogs are euthanized each year.
Animal control is a well used resource and the US has strict laws regarding animal care and ownership. Breaking these laws can mean high fees sometimes accompanied by jail time. Often pet owners will just relinquish the dog to avoid all the legal complications.
Trinidad
A 50lb bag of Purina dry dog food costs around 380TTD and a case of Pedigree canned wet food costs around 200TTD. This is why many choose to cook their dog's food using rice and meat.
It is not uncommon for homeowners in residential areas to deal with the stray issue themselves. Poisoning of strays is frequent in housing developments.
One would think that animal control would be policing the residential areas but they stick mostly to cities and public areas making sure that they are not overrun by strays.
Formal
Developing Informal
Full transcript