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Progressive Era - Part 2

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Michele Braden

on 24 October 2016

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Transcript of Progressive Era - Part 2

Election of 1912
Farm, labor acts, and child labor
Every day little children came into Union Headquarters, some with their hands off, some with the thumb missing, some with their fingers off at the knuckle. They were stooped little things, round shouldered and skinny. Many were not over ten years of age. - Mary Harris Jones
Republicans Divide, Democratic Victory
Woodrow Wilson
Workers Reform
New Freedom Program

Lower tariffs and introductions of graduated income tax

Banking: Federalist Reserve Act
Mixed public and private to protect people

Clayton Antitrust Act
Clarified what a monopoly was and created more restrictions
Federal Trade Commission
Power to investigate corporations
Federal Farm Loan Act
gave low-interest loans to farmers

Adamson Act
- gave Railroad workers an 8 hour work day

Keating-Owen Child Labor Act
- outlawed interstate sale of products produced by child labor
~ Supreme Court ruled this act unconstitutional because it restricted commerce instead of of directly outlawing child labor

*** To what extent do you think Wilson was successful in helping farmers and laborers?
$1.25
Monday, November 9th, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
William Howard Taft
Reform Under Taft
Support & Opposition
Women's Suffrage
16th Amendment - ratified in 1913
Permitted Congress to levy taxes based on one's income

Payne-Aldrich Tariff
Raised taxes on imported goods
Result: Progressives were outraged!

Ballinger-Pinchot Affair
Taft fired Pinchot (Roosevelt's buddy) over disputes of public land and conservation


OVERALL EFFECT
The Republican Party loses support
and divides
For Women's Suffrage:

National American Women's Suffrage Association (NAWSA)

Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Susan B. Anthony
Took local grassroots approach to try and get state legislatures to grant women's right to vote
Progressive Era - Part 2
The Cannon Debate
George Norris (Representative)
vs.
Joseph Cannon (Speaker of the House)

Motion to take away powers from Speaker of the House passed
Huge Progressive victory

Taft did not take sides and loses support
Progressive Party
Roosevelt decides to run for President again
He does not get nominated by the Republican Party

Creates the Progressive Party, also known as the "Bull Moose Party"
Democratic Victory
Democrats choose Woodrow Wilson as their candidate

Republicans are split between Taft and Roosevelt

Wilson wins by a landslide
Against Women's Suffrage

Liquor interests - believed women would vote for prohibition

Businesses - believed women would vote for better wages and working conditions
Women's Suffrage
Alice Paul
Formed the National Women's Party
Took a national approach!
Focused on forming constitutional amendment
Used attention-getting protest tactics to raise support for suffrage
Carrie Chapman Catt
President of the NAWSA
Patriotism in World War I weakened opposition to women's suffrage
1918 Senate voted against suffrage by 2 votes

1919 19th Amendment - ratified in 1920

~ Only the beginning of fight for women's equality
Muckraking - Exposing the filth
Ida Tarbell - attempted to bring down Rockefeller's Standard Oil Co.

Ray Stannard Baker - exposed plight of African Americans (lynchings)


Prohibition
Women's Christian Temperance Movement & Anti-Saloon League
Moral purity & Women's rights

18th Amendment (1919) - banned the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages

Very unpopular among public

Difficult to enforce & repealed in 1933

Movie theaters - cheap entertainment
People called for censorship
Racial Discrimination
W.E.B. Du Bois
Encouraged African Americans to fight for racial equality

NAACP - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Fought for rights using the court system

Americanization - process of preparing immigrants for assimilation
Full transcript