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The Evolution of Pens

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by

Lalitha Madduri

on 12 September 2013

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Transcript of The Evolution of Pens

The First Pen
Reed Pens were first created in 4th century BC by the Ancient Egyptians.

They were generally constructed with bamboo or hollow sticks that were carved out from the middle and endpoints with sharp points. The fine tip at the end was used to dip into the ink or write on a soft surface.
These products were created because of the human need to note down daily necessities. This needed to be done with markings and hence, reed pens were created.
1803
The Lifescribe company and the new digital age

How did the pen affect society?

Sources Cited

Who uses it?
Used by the most skilled scribes,
A rolling tip for continuous writing
It could fit comfortably in one's hand, which relieved the stress
of the constant gripping of the quill and its thin body.
2008
The introduction of gel ink
1984
1930
Lalitha Madduri
Period 5
CS1 Honors
Pens
The Evolution of
1884
Dip/Nib Pens
Following the invention of paper was the invention of the quill
500 A.D.
A pen is an instrument for writing or drawing with ink, typically consisting of a metal nib or ball, or a nylon tip, fitted into a metal or plastic holder.
What is a pen?
Reed Pens
400 B.C.
Quill Pens
It was created by removing a feather from a generally large bird and removing the excess fuzz, followed by using a pen knife to sharpen the tip for writing. It was a fairly exhausting process, since the writer needed to dip in in ink for almost ever line they wrote and the writing was rough and needed frequent reshaping. The absorbency of the tip was greater than that of wood and bamboo.
The dip or nib pen was created in 1803 and mass produced steel pen points which were attached to a pen body. The usage consisted of dipping the pen repeatedly, like the quill, but it didn’t need reshaping and the body came in many beautiful forms. The variation of tips were important too, like ones that were made of gold, which was soft and provided smooth writing.
Fountain Pens
In 1884, Lewis Waterman created the three-channel ink feed for the fountain pen. The design of the exterior was similar to the dip pen, but the inside consisted of a cartridge that supplied the writer with a feed that didn’t require constant dipping. The airflow and pressure was also moderated in this design so that the writing wouldn’t come out blotchy or dry. The constant flow of the ink was significant to the scholars which required the endurance of a cartridge for written reports.
Ballpoint Pens
The age of fountain pens was finally over once Hungarian journalist László Bíró developed the ballpoint pen while working on a newspaper in the 1930s. It had a tiny ball bearing at its tip. As the writer moved the pen along the paper, the ball rotated, picked up ink from the tube, and left it on the paper in its wake.

This was also when the modern pen got publicized among allied pilots during World War II, who relied upon the ability of the Biro to write in unpressurized cockpits at high altitude. Following the war, the utilization of pens increased exponentially since soldiers grew accustomed to its ease of use.
Gel Pens
Gel Pens were invented by the Sakura Color Products Corp. (Osaka, Japan), who make Gelly Roll pens and was the company that invented gel ink in 1984. Its high viscosity and flexible tip is what differentiates it from the rollerball, enabling it to write on numerous surfaces. The biopolymer pigments used it in allow it to have a wide range of colors and varieties, like metallic, glitterly, and opalescent, unlike the ballpoint.
Overall, it was mostly a tool to enscrible symbols upon paper in order to keep thoughts tangibly written down. It assisted the advancements of discovery and education and had positive impacts upon the people that have used it.
Back when the quill and nib pens were widely used, only skilled writers were able to maneuver the tips well
enough to produce beautiful and legible lines
Digital SmartPens
The smartpen is a device which functions
the same way as a regular pen, but it also records everything you write down into a hard drive with memory. Some also have wifi access and sound recording devices for lectures.
The introduction of pens with a reservoir
Works Cited

Amazon. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2013. <http://www.amazon.com/Livescribe-GB-Echo-Smartpen-APX-00008/dp/B00524DLZ0/ref=pd_sim_e_5/186-8957246-7168162>.

Dipankar's Work. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2013. <http://pubs.acs.org/subscribe/archive/ci/31/i09/html/09lw.html>.

Gizmodo. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Sept. 2013. <http://gizmodo.com/5901167/how-the-pen-evolved-from-a-humble-paintbrush-into-a-precise-instrument-of-writing-perfection>.

Inventors in About.com. About.com, n.d. Web. 6 Sept. 2013. <http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blpen.htm>.

Jet Pens. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2013. <http://www.jetpens.com/Pens/ct/1318>.

Rick Conner. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Sept. 2013. <http://inventors.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http://www.rickconner.net/penoply/history.html>.

Yes I Know That. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Sept. 2013. <http://www.yesiknowthat.com/who-invented-pen/>.

Now, almost everyone can easily use a pen in order to write, draw, or simply make marks
The new technological age has slightly
implemented the production
and sales of pens negatively, for
the use of typewriters and keyboard
inputs eliminates the need to write
Even so, pens are still widely used by
specialists everywhere for quick and easy
access to a tool that enables you to record
your thoughts.
It was mostly used
during the middle ages yet was limited to only educated men and
scholars
As the ease and
comfort of the pen's design increased, the amount of people that regularly utilized it also increased.
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