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Administración de proyectos

Contenido del curso
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pablo Huesca

on 19 May 2014

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Transcript of Administración de proyectos

Universidad Marista Querétaro
Administración de Proyectos
Contenido del curso
Presentación personal
Expectativas
Objetivo del curso
Contenido
Bibliografía
Evaluación

Temario
Contenido del curso
Módulos
FUNDAMENTOS DE LA ADMINISTRACIÓN DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN

PLANEACIÓN DEL PROYECTO CONSTRUCTIVO

ORGANIZACIÓN Y CONTROL DEL PROYECTO

CALIDAD, SEGURIDAD Y MEDIO AMBIENTE
Alumno
Reglas para la clase
Profesor
Puntualidad
Asistencia
Respeto
No alimentos,
No fumar
Sanitario en silencio
Celular en vibrador / silencio
Contestar si es urgente afuera
Tareas y exámenes
Tareas en sitio Dropbox.com
Fecha de entrega DOMINGO
a las 23:59
Lista de Correo de cada alumno

Exámenes parciales y final
A libro cerrado
No es para llevar o en equipo
Forma parte de la evaluación final
Aprendizaje esperado

Competencias esperadas

Experiencias de crecimiento
Bibliografía
Documentos de referencia
JACKSON, BARBARA J.,
“Construction Management Jumpstart”,
Wiley, USA, 2010, 2da Ed.,
ISBN 978-0-470-76808-2

Adquirir vía Amazon.com

Sitios de internet
Gobierno
Biblioteca
Presentación
Nombre - Matrícula
Edad
¿Porqué Ing. Civil?
Trabajo / experiencia previa
Nivel de inglés
Plan de titulación
Hobbies
Evaluación parcial (exámenes) 60 %
Proyecto Integrador 5 %
Asistencia completa al semestre 5 %
Casos de Estudio (3) 30 %

Evaluación
Conocerá los distintos tipos de procesos para la administración de proyectos constructivos, aplicando el conocimiento adquirido en otras materias previas de la currícula de la carrera de ingeniería civil
Objetivo del Curso
ingeniería estructural, cimentaciones,
hidráulica,
costos y precios unitarios
mecánica de suelos, legislación aplicable
Conocimientos
Previos
Introduction to the construction industry and the opportunities that it offers.

Here you will learn about the different industry sectors and the roles of the various participants in the construction process.
The Construction Industry
First-Level Players

Includes subcontractors, material suppliers, and equipment vendors.

This layer directly influences the outcome of a job. This level often has contractual connections to either the construction professionals or design professionals.
Secondary Players
Primary Players:

Owners

Design Professionals

Construction Professionals

Secondary Players
The Project Players
The Construction Management Association of America

The CMAA is dedicated to promoting the professional practice of construction management.

The organization welcomes members from all construction and design disciplines as well as owners and various service providers to the industry.

The CMAA offers certification through its Certified Construction Manager (CCM) program.
Personal Affiliation and Certification
The American Institute of Constructors

The AIC helps individual contractors who meet the requirements to achieve professional status through an examination and certification program.

The AIC is the certifying body for the designation of Certified Professional Constructor (CPC) and Associate Constructor (AC).
Personal Affiliation and Certification
Education Offerings

The ideal construction management candidate is typically an individual who has a bachelor’s degree or higher in construction management, construction engineering, or construction science.

The Associated Schools of Construction (ASC) lists about 120 colleges and universities offering four-year accredited degree programs.
Career Opportunities
Sustainability

In recent years, a voluntary, market-driven building-ratings system called the Leadership on Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program has been developed.
The Industry Image
The construction industry has changed its image around through various construction associations:

National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) created a public service campaign called Home Builders Care to recognize contractors who have contributed millions of dollars in cash, building materials, supplies, and countless volunteer hours to community charities through local community service projects.
An Industry in Transition
The construction industry has changed its image around through various construction associations:

Associated General Contractors (AGC) has developed an exciting campaign called Construction Futures to help inform and educate youngsters about the career opportunities the construction industry has to offer.
An Industry in Transition
Third-Level Players

Includes the courts and attorneys, local government, state and federal government, trade associations, education and training, bankers, and others.

This level does influence construction projects on a regular basis.
Secondary Players
Second-Level Players

Includes insurance companies, utility companies, bonding companies, building code officials, zoning, labor unions, and manufacturers.

This level has no contractual connection or obligation to any of the three primary parties.
Secondary Players

Primary responsibilities of the designers:

Assisting the owner in developing the facility program and determining end user needs and requirements.
Advising the owner regarding the image and character of the facility and establishing broad design goals.
Assisting the owner in selecting products to fit the program and the budget.
Advising the owner on special and aesthetic issues and generating graphic solutions to problems.
Developing the final building plans, construction details, and specifications
Design Professionals
Two types of professional designers are engaged in the construction process:

Architects deal with the function, life safety issues, and aesthetics of the building.

Engineers deal with the systems.
Design Professionals
Each sector is characterized by different means, methods, and materials of construction.

There are five basic sectors of the industry:

Residential Building

Commercial Building

Heavy Civil Construction

Industrial Construction

Environmental Construction
Industry Sectors
Historical Perspective
Employment Opportunities

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, excellent employment opportunities are expected for construction managers through 2016.

The number of construction management jobs is expected to increase by about 16 percent compared to 11 percent for all industries combined.
Career Opportunities
Efficiency

In 1993, a group of contractors started to apply lean principles to the construction industry.

Lean principles stemmed from the manufacturing industry with principles focusing on creating more value for customers with less work and the elimination of waste.
The Industry Image
Globalization

In the late 1970s, 80 percent of the world’s construction was being built in the United States. In 1997, 80 percent of the world’s construction was occurring on foreign soil.

Engineering News Record (ENR) is the only weekly construction magazine that reaches a global audience.
The Industry Image
The construction industry has changed its image around through various construction associations:

Associated Builders and Contractors (ABC) initiated the ABCares to recognize chapters that contribute significantly to their communities.
An Industry in Transition
After determining need and deciding to build, the owner is accountable for four primary duties:

Developing the program and outlining the needs and requirements of the end users.
Determining the quantity, extent, and character of the project by defining the scope of work.
Creating the overall budget for the project, including land acquisition (if necessary), development, design, and construction costs.
Providing the funding for the project and making periodic payments to the designers and the contractor.
Owners
Leone Battista Alberti
1404-1472
Master builder began to be questioned as the most efficient way to build.

Leone Battista Alberti
Considered by many to be the precursor to the modern-day architect.
Argued that he could create the drawings and models as a way to direct master craftsmen without actually being involved in the building process.
The Renaissance
Responsible for all construction activities.

Constructor’s job:
Interpret the plans and specifications and prepare cost estimates and time schedules to meet the requirements of the owner.
Determine and implement the best construction practices, means, and methods to satisfy the owner’s requirements for time, cost, and quality.
Oversee and manage all of the construction operations into a single, safe coordinated effort.
Construction Professionals
BIM model showing the complexity of the mechanical units of a building.
Computer technology advancing to aid construction:

Estimating Software
Scheduling Software
Project administration

Building Information Modeling (BIM)

A digital representation of the physical and functional characteristics of a building displayed as a 3D model
Added capability to integrate a whole array of design and construction data
The Age of Technology
Private owners can vary from home
owners to businesses.
Public owners can vary from federal government, state government, or even city municipals.
Driving force behind the construction industry.


Two basic types of owners:

Public Owners
Typically government agencies

Private Owners
Owners
Heavy civil construction is the least affected by economic fluctuations.
Equipment plays a major role in the heavy civil sector
Often referred to as horizontal construction, heavy civil sector includes:
Roadways, bridges, tunnels, dams, airports, and railways

Equipment and equipment operators play a huge role in the work of a heavy civil project.

Asphalt, gravel, concrete, sand, and dirt make up the primary materials used in heavy civil construction.
Typically publicly funded projects and tend to last a long time.
Heavy Civil Construction
Wood Framing
Typical Housing Tract
Addresses the housing needs of a society. Housing construction takes many forms:
Individual homes
Apartments
Condominiums
Townhouses
Prefabricated units

Relatively low-tech in terms of means and methods. Hammers, nails, drills, and saws make up the primary tools and equipment needed.

Building materials are typically wood products such as lumber and plywood.
Residential Building
Golden Gate Bridge
San Francisco, CA
Associated Schools of Construction
Construction boom in the United States
Led to need for housing, industry, and infrastructure.

Building codes, standards, and specifications were established to help regulate and control the quality of materials and methods.

In 1965, representatives from nine universities met in Florida to form the Associated Schools of Construction (ASC)

Today there are approximately 120 four-year colleges and universities listed with ASC.
The 20th Century
Home Insurance Building
Chicago, IL
First Skyscraper (1885)
Empire State Building
New York City
During the late 1800s, production of steel and electricity took off.

Steel framing replaced iron framing and allowed for high-rise building.

Portland cement and reinforced concrete were invented.

Glass became mass-produced and used to clad many of the new building frames.

E.G. Otis invented the first passenger elevator.
The Age of the Skyscraper
Ironbridge Gorge, England
Iron Bridge at Coalbrookdale
First cast-iron bridge built in 1779
Building science as a discipline began to emerge

Various building professions took increasingly defined roles:
Art of Architecture
Science of Engineering
Craft of the Building Process

Cast iron and wrought iron became the building materials of choice.

New machinery and equipment were also being invented to support buildings.
The Industrial Revolution
Code of Hammurabi
1792-1750 BC
Great Pyramids of Giza
El Giza, Egypt
Egyptians began to use stone as their primary building material.

The Master Builder
Concept that involved all three disciplines (architecture, engineering, and construction) embodied in one person.

Code of Hammurabi
First known building code recorded. 1792-1750 BC
Dictated acceptable workmanship standards for the master builder
Egypt and the Pyramids
Our Lady of Angels
Los Angeles, CA
Walt Disney Concert Hall
Los Angeles, CA
Construction is one of the nation’s largest industries accounting for approximately 9 percent of the gross national product.


U.S. Department of Labor estimates that there are at least 880,000 construction companies employing 7.7 million people in the United States.


Construction impacts the quality of life for every human being.


Housing starts (which are identified by building permits issued) are one of the major economic indicators reflecting the overall health and direction of our economy.
The Scope of the Industry
Often publicly funded projects.
Lots of time will be spent dealing with governmental and regulatory agencies.
Comprised of projects that improve the environment, maintain public health, and contribute to a community’s quality of life.

There is a great deal of earth moving and site work that usually takes place. Along with trenching, pipe laying, tunneling, and other means of excavation.

In addition to a combination of commercial, industrial, and heavy civil materials, specialized materials such as pumps, valves, filters, membranes, and aerators are required this sector.
Environmental Construction
Often huge facilities that take many years to complete. Funding usually comes from private sources.
Industrial buildings often house specialized equipment, machinery, or process piping.
Highly specialized sector that requires firms with vast resources and engineering expertise.

Industrial buildings are often very basic in their exterior design. The installation of equipment makes up a big piece of the industrial construction process

Primary components:
Steel
Concrete
Reinforced concrete masonry
Specialized equipment
Industrial Construction
Roman Coliseum (70-80 AD)
Rome, Italy
Road from the Roman Empire
Early form of concrete was invented by the Romans.
Consisted of a pastry, hydrated lime and pozzolan ash mixture made from rock.

Romans began adding domes and arches to their buildings.

First glass was also incorporated in the first century AD.

Road construction was another high mark of the Roman Empire.

Marcus Vitruvius Pollio wrote the first design and construction handbook around 40 BC.
The Roman Empire
White House
Washington D.C.
Parthenon in Athens
Athens, Greece
Greek master builders started to organize skilled stonemasons.


Developed into the building trades concept, where a particular building skill is honed to a level of expertise associated with a master craftsman.


Many beautiful temples made of marble and limestone.


Greek influence can still be seen today in many modern buildings.
Greek Influence
Skara Brae, Scotland
3180 BC-2500 BC
Dolmens in the Netherlands
Construction industry can trace its roots back to at least the Stone Age, as early as 12000 BC.

Common materials used:

Mud
Wood
Stone

Simple structures to protect from the rain, cold, heat, and snow.

Simple shelter grew into planned settlements, villages, and cities.
Ancient Times
Commercial buildings are typically funded by corporations, agencies, or the government
Commercial Buildings can often be complex and require special contractors.
Addresses the needs of commerce, trade, and government. Makes up about a third of the total construction market.

Special construction processes are utilized in the building of commercial buildings. Examples:
Ironworkers, pipefitters, and glaziers.

Three basic building materials associated with commercial construction:
Steel
Concrete
Glass
Commercial Building
13th Century Church
Ócsa, Hungary
Nidaros Cathedral
Trondheim, Norway
Construction means, methods, and motivations have changed over the past 12,000 years. Let’s take a look at some of the world’s greatest construction accomplishments:

Ancient Times
Egypt and the Pyramids
Greek Influence
The Roman Empire
The Middle Ages
The Renaissance
The Industrial Revolution
The Age of the Skyscraper
The 20th Century
The Age of Technology
Around 900 AD, the Roman Catholic Church revitalized stone construction building churches and cathedrals throughout Europe.

Craft training and education became a major focus.

Craft guilds were organized and the two most important building trades were:

Three distinct stages of ability:
Master
Journeyman
Apprentice
The Middle Ages
Darse de alta en dropbox.com, cuenta personal y acceso a tareas
Realizar resumen de capítulo 1

Tarea:
10 minutos
RECESO
1) Realizar resumen de 1 cuartilla de sus aprendizajes en la historia de la construcción
2) Cada falta de ortografía baja 0.5 puntos sobre 100
Tarea Capítulo 1
GRACIAS
J. Pablo Huesca Perez
Full transcript