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jessica wahba

on 4 March 2013

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Transcript of Permaculture

Permaculture Permaculture (permanent agriculture) is the development of agricultural ecosystems that provides food, shelter, energy, and other material and non-material needs in a sustainable and ethical way. It is used to reduce the use of energy that can be made by individuals, households and communities towards a legitimate future. Who/where did it originate?
The concept of permacutlure was originated by an Australian, Bill Mollison in the late 1970’s. Then in 1978, Mollison and his student, David Holmgren, coined the word permaculture by joining “permanent” and “agriculture” to describe an integrated, evolving system of continuous plant and animal species useful to humans. Also in 1978, Mollison and Holmgren published their first book called Permaculture One. Since then, many Permaculture books with a range of focuses have been published. Present the ethics of Permaculture
There are three core ethics of permaculture:
1. Care of the people: having a good quality of life and meeting people’s needs but at the same time without damaging the earth, ensuring the well being of the individual and also the communities. When people come together, sustainability becomes possible.
2. Care of the earth: maintain the earth and taking care of it, making sure we don't damage its natural systems. Using methods that have a less impact on the environment, like how to manage the land, the poisoning of soil and water, also designing ideas that meet our needs but doesn’t affect the planet.
3. Accepting limits to population and consumption: understanding that the human species cannot continue to increase and also sustain the planet so we must put limits on our growth and consumption so that you can invest your resources in caring for the earth and the people. To achieve a stable human population, we need to use a number of key strategies. These include: access to family planning; helping people to meet their basic needs of clean water, adequate food, and basic healthcare and education.
The 12 permaculture design principles allow us to re-design our environment and our attitude in a world of less energy and resources. These principles are worldwide, but the techniques used to convey them will differ according to the place and situation. They are appropriate to our personal, economic, social and political reorganisation show in the permaculture flower. The 12 principles of permaculture include:
1.Observe and interact: By engaging with nature, we can devise solutions that go with a particular situation. 2.Catch and store energy: Developing systems that help us collect resources that allow us to use them in times of need.

4.Apply self-regulation and accept feedback:
Reject improper activity to ensure that all systems can keep functioning well. 3.Obtain a yield:
Guarantee that you are getting a truly useful reward for the work you are doing. 5.Use and value renewable resources and services: Make use of nature's large quantity in order to decrease our wasteful behaviour and our reliance on non renewable resources. 6.Produce no waste:
By using all the resources that we have, nothing is wasted or is not used. 7.Design from patterns to details:
We can observe trends in nature and society that form the backbone of our designs with filled in details as we progress

8.Integrate rather than segregate:
Relationships start build between certain things and they support each other by working together 9.Use small and slow solutions:
Having small and slow systems are easier than having big ones because it makes better use of resources and produces more sustainable outcomes. 10.Use and value diversity:
Diversity takes advantage of the exclusive nature of the environment in which it exits in. it also decrease the exposure to threats 11.Use edges and value the marginal:
The most expensive, different and productive elements in the system take place in the boundary between things, which is commonly where the most interesting events take place 12.Creatively use and respond to change: By carefully observing and overruling at the right time, we can have a positive impact on predictable change. Bibliography How it would benefit the ecosystem and society. Is it the way for future living?
Permaculture benefits the ecosystem and society in a number of different ways.
•Reduces costs: Permaculture can save up a lot of money because it uses all natural components of the ecosystem, like using wastes as manure, which will give you more money to spend on things like farming.
•Less waste: this allows the waste products to be recycled and used as compost, then is later used as fertilizer. This means that there are fewer wastes because it is being used in our current resources.
• Chemical resistance: by using natural fertilizers for farming, helps you produce crops/plants that are not exposed to harmful chemicals that are in pesticides.
• Less pollution: permaculture will result in the world being less polluted because of the all natural way of farming.
• Zoning: this is the arrangement of produce depending on what need more consideration and what ripens first. This is beneficial because it helps us detected which produce is ready to be taken out instead of it rotting which saves money.
• Maximum use of space by growing plant
•High diversity: makes fresh food in the garden through the whole year and increases food security.
•Carbon footprint: sustainable levels of carbon footprint are brought by reducing the need for carbon based fossil fuels by producing renewable resources.
•Quality of our live: permaculture gives us the tools to enhance our society and ecosystems.
Would today’s society and you, be able to leave their/your current lifestyle choices for a permaculture one?
It is possible for today’s society to leave their lifestyle choices and focusing on a permacutlture one if the government gets involved and it becomes a policy. Although I think that it wouldn’t take place because of our current generation mentality and how everyone these days are very indolent and sluggish so that they will just go to the nearest supermarket and living like they always do instead of leaving a permaculture lifestyle. Also the world these days is much more focus on the present and themselves that they don’t take notice of the long term/future effect and focus more about the short term. They will also struggle to leave their current lifestyle choices for a permaculture one because they will often not react well to change and will most likely like things how they are now instead of changing there lifestyle. This is an example of a permaculture design. You can see the use of a chicken coop and a pizza oven showing that the residence are using natural resources to provide for their dietary needs. This minimizes the need to pay for unnatural and processed foods which can come in packing that can harm the environment. Also the oven is made out of natural sources such as coal and fire rather than man made materials that can harm the atmosphere.
The residence also have their own key hold garden in which they can produce there own fruits and vegetables and enforcing a healthier lifestyle, enriched soil and incorporates layers to lock in moisture.
also note that vehicles are well away from harming natural areas. Lost Valley, N 2012, permaculture, Viewed on 23rd February 2013

Permaculture Australia, N 2011, permaculture, Viewed on 23rd February 2013
< http://permacultureaustralia.org.au/>

Bioneers, N2011, principals or permaculture, viewed on 23rd February 2013
< http://www.bioneers.org/conference/>

Kennedy, E & Aubusson, P 2009 Biology in context: The spectrum of life, 3rd edi, oxford
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