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Chapter 14: RIZAL IN LONDON (1888-1889)
Transcript of Chapter 14: RIZAL IN LONDON (1888-1889)
TRIP ACROSS THE ATLANTIC
>He won many of friends of different nationalities on board the palatial City of Rome because of his friendly nature and ability as a linguist.
>Amazed some American and European passengers with his marvelous skill with the Yo-Yo as an offensive weapon.
>Arrived on Liverpool, England, on May 24, 1888 and stayed for one day.
>He wrote to his family about:
“Liverpool is a big and beautiful city and its celebrated port is worthy of its great fame. The entrance is magnificent and the custom house is quite good.”
LIFE IN LONDON
>Went to London May 25, 1888 and stayed as a guest at Dr. Antonio Ma. Regidor’s home
>Became a boarder at the Beckett’s by the end of May were he meet the Beckett’s family.
>He was called “Pearl of Man” by Dr. Reinhold Rost, a librarian of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and an authority of Malayan languages and customs.
>Played Cricket (a popular English game) and Boxing with Dr. Rost’s sons.
GOOD AND BAD NEWS FROM HOME
1.) Persecution of the Filipino patriots who signed the “Anti-friar Petition of 1888”.
- this petition has signed by 800 patriots and written by M.H Jose Del Pillar
- addressed to the Queen Regent of Spain for the expulsion of friars, including Archbishop Pedro Payo of Manila.
2.) Persecution of Calamba tenants, including Rizal’s family and relatives for their courage to petition the government for agrarian reforms
3.) Furious attacks on Rizal by Senators Salamanca and Vida in the Spanish Cortes and by Desengaños (Wenseslao E. Retana) and Quioquiap (Pablo Feced) in Spanish newspapers.
4.) Rizal’s brother-in-law, Manuel Hidalgo, husband of Saturnina was exiled in Bohol by Governor General Weyler without due process of law.
5.) Laureano Viado, a friend of Rizal which is a medical student at the University of Santo Tomas, was arrested and jailed in Bilibid Prison because copies of Noli were found in his house
1.) Rev. Vicente Garcia, a vulnerable Filipino canon of Manila Cathedral, defended Noli against the attacks of the friars.
STAY IN LONDON
>Lived in London on May 1888 to Mar. 1889
>3 reasons why he stayed there:
1)To improve his knowledge of the English Language and 2)To study and annotate Morga’s
Sucesos de Las Islas Filipinas
3)London was a safe place for him to carry on his fight against Spanish tyranny
>He engaged in Filipiniana studies
>Completing annotating Morga’s books>wrote many articles in La Solidaridad
>Penned a famous letter to the Young Women of Malolos
>Carried on his voluminous correspondence with Blumentritt and relatives
> Had a romance with Gertude Beckett.
ANNOTATINGC MORGA’S BOOK
> The greatest achievement of Rizal in London was the annonating of Morga’s book, Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas ( Historical Events of the Philippine Islands) which was published in Mexico, 1609.>Spent many days in the reading room of the British Museum reading Morga’s books and old stories of the Philippines and of all written histories published during the early years of Spanish regime, Dr. Morga was the best.
>September 1888, he visited Paris for a week to search for more historical materials in Bibliothque Nationale.
- he was entertained in a gay French metropolis by Juan Luna and his wife (Paz Pardo de Tavera),who proudly showed him their little son Andres or also known as Luling as his nickname.
>Dec. 11, 1888 he went to Spain, visiting Madrid and Barcelona.
- he met Marcelo H. Del Pilar and Mariano Ponce, the two titans of the Propaganda Movement, they shared ideas and cooperate in the fight for reforms.
SHORT VISIT TO PARIS AND SPAIN
CHRISTMAS IN LONDON
>Rizal returned to London on Dec. 24, 1888 and spent his Christmas and New Year‘s Day with the Becketts.
>He sent a gift which is a bust of Emperor Augustus to Blumentritt and a bust of Julius Ceasar to Dr. Carlos Czepelak (a polish scholar). >Received a book entitled “The Life and Adventures of Valentine Vox, the Ventriloquist” as gift from Mrs. Becketts (landlady)
RIZAL BECOMES LEADER OF FILIPINOS IN EUROPE
>Filipinos in Barcelona were planning to establish a patriotic society which will cooperate in the crusade for reforms called Asociacion La Solidaridad (Solidaridad Association) and was inagurated on December 31, 1888 with the following officers:
President: Galicano Apacible
Vice-President: Graciano Lopez Jaena
Secretary: Manuel Santa Maria
Treasurer: Mariano Ponce
Accountant: Jose Ma. Panganiban
Honorary President: Jose rizal (by unanimous vote of
all the members)
>As the leader of the countrymen in Europe, Rizal wrote a letter or thanks giving addressed to the members of Asociacion La Solidaridad on January 28, 1889. -Letter content: 1.) When defeated never surrender. 2.) Great deal of integrity and much good will.
RIZAL AND THE LA SOLIDARIDAD NEWSPAPER
>Graciano Lopez founded La Solidaridad on February15,1889 at Barcelona
- La Solidaridad newspaper was a fortnightly periodical which served as organ of the Propaganda Movement.aims:
- to work peacefully for political and social reforms;
- to portary the deplorable conditions of the Philippines so that Spain may remedy them;
-to oppose the evil forces of reaction and medievalism;
- to advocate liberal ideas and progress; and
- to champion the legitimate aspirations of the Filipino people to life, democracy, and happiness.
FIRST ARTICLE IN LA SOLIDARIDAD
>Los Agricultures Filipinos (The Filipino Farmers) published on March 25, 1889 - Depicted the deplorable conditions in the Philippines which cause the backwardness of the country.
WRITINGS IN LONDON
> La Vision del Fray Rodriguez (The vision of Fray Rodriguez)a pamphlet published at Barcelona under hi nom-de- plume Dimas Alang. Rizal demonstrated two things: 1.) his profound knowledge of religion and 2.) his biting satire.
> Letter to the Young Women of Malolos - February 22, 1889 in Tagalog request of M.H. del Pilar to praise young ladies in Malolos for their courage to establish a school where they learn Spanish despite the opposition of Fr. Felipe Garcia, Spanish parish priest of Malolos.
> Requested by Dr. Rost -Specimens of Tagal Folklore - published in journal in May, 1889 -Two Eastern Fables - published in June 1889
ROMANCE WITH GERTRUDE BECKETT
>Gertrude Beckett - Rizal affectionately called her “Gettie” ; called Rizal as “Pettie”,Buxom English girl with brown hair, blue eyes, and rosy cheeks -Eldest of the three sisters-Fell in love with Rizal -helped him in his painting and sculpture
>Rizal finished 4 sculptures -Promotheus Bound
-The Triumph of Death over Life
-The Triumph of Science over Death -sent to Blumentritt and Leitmeritz
-Composite carving of the heads of the Beckett sisters. - farewell gift to the Beckett sisters
> March 19, 1889, Rizal bade goodbye to the kind Beckett family (particularly Gertude) and left London for Paris. He was sad as he crossed the English Channel, for he cherished so many beautiful memories of London.