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Transcript of ADHD presentation
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a
affecting 3% to 7%
of school age children.
How does ADHD Impact on the Way Students Interact with Teachers?
not understand the behaviours
of ADHD children and
do not accommodate
success of a child
strength of teacher-student
. These are achievable when the teacher utilises key elements of socialisation:
How does ADHD Impact on the Way Students Interact with Peers?
Children with ADHD have difficulty effectively functioning with peers as they have
inadequate social skills
; sometimes making them aversive to other children.
If the teacher has a positive attitude towards their students, and they believe and act as if all their students will be successful, then students will live up to those expectations.
Sadly, because of this, children are given the
of being a
because they do not fit into
The modelling and instruction of prosocial behaviour,
Communicating positive expectations, attributes, and social labels and
Positively reinforcing desired behaviour
How does ADHD Impact on the Way Students Interact with the Wider Community?
Compared to other children his age, Jonathan Mooney did not have a pleasant or very positive childhood experience, particularly in the school environment.
Universal Design for Learning
Multiple ways of representing information:
Educators need to facilitate
positive social relationships
between peers in order for students with ADHD to feel a sense of
within their environment.
* facilitate movement
* strategic seating * break down big tasks
* plan interesting learning experiences
* direct instruction in how to plan tasks
* goal set and monitor
planning the best ways to
Response to Intervention
Recent studies have shown that
with ADHD are
rejected by peers
, while only
are of popular status
There is a
deeply held belief within society
that appropriate and
. If a
child does not sit quietly
at a school desk they are
by being labeled the
In order to
eliminate these misconceptions
held by the community
different ways children learn
needs to be
easily accessible by everyone
Multiple ways for children to express their understandings:
Multiple ways of engaging children:
These meetings involve both parties conversing about what effective strategies work for the child. A good strategy to use for a behavourial intervention plan is the problem solving model
It is important that the teacher includes suggestions from the parent/cargivers and child. Only by working together can they develop a useful intervention plan that benefits child in the classroom.
An educator named Father Young held high expectations for Jonathan
None of these two things happened...
When Jonathan could not sit still in class, Mrs C would publicly criticise him by yelling at him infront of the entire class and asking what was his problem?
By isolating Jonathan from the entire class, his academic learning and relationships will be negatively affected and will start a failure cycle.
Inclusive environments accommodate all the ways children can be motivated, including intrinsic motivation! Children with ADHD have been found to respond well to educators using their interests to drive their desire to learn.
The way that Mrs C taught Jonathan was a traditional form of pedagogy, which can still be found in today's classrooms.
The way educators teach significantly influences the academic and social success of students with ADHD. To create an inclusive environment, ADHD needs to be understood by teachers, not just as a condition, but as social occurrence that challenges how they teach in the classroom.
Teachers who provide inclusive environments need to keep up to date with current research and modernise their teaching style in order to cater for children with ADHD. Inclusive environments should embrace creativity, diversity and all learning differences.
* A Brown University Graduate
with Honours in English
* A successful author of two
Today Jonathan is...
* Feelings of inadequacy
* Helplessness over the lack of good coping skills
* Loneliness and
* Depression because of frequent isolation from their peer group
Children with ADHD often experience one or more of the following:
As a result, children who have ADHD find it
difficult to behave in socially
, making it
hard to form
. They also tend to interact better with children with behavioural difficulties because they have similar social traits. This impacts negatively on their learning as they reinforce each others undesirable behaviour.
How can Educators Provide Students
with Better Social Opportunities?
Response to Intervention
Where does disability lie?
Mrs C is the social role model in the classroom. By responding so negatively to Jonathan's ADHD characteristics, the whole class is shown how they should respond when he acts differently. Rejection by the teacher leads to rejection by peers.
By planning to meet Jonathan's need to move in the first place by including kinaesthetic activities, he will not need to satisfy that need in disruptive ways.
Mrs C used sitting on the bench as punishment, thinking punishment would motivate Jonathan to be good.
Promoting social Competence
Activities that teach students how to be
build positive relationships
are vital in structuring a
This level includes activities that are designed for the
teaching of social skills
in large or small group contexts.
Some of these activities include:
* Creator of Eye-to-Eye which
is a non-profit organisation
designed to advocate and
mentor students with
diverse learning abilities.
Structuring a Classroom Community
The way the environment and influential people
throughout his early life reacted to his ADHD and Dyslexia sadly led Jonathan to depression.
Jonathan felt so inadequate, frustrated and
helpless about his poor school grades and negative feedback from teachers that he dropped out of primary school and planned to commit suicide.
Fortunately, he did not go through with it and returned
to high school two years later.
On Jonathan's graduation day, his counselor took him aside once again only to tell him he would be lucky to get a job flipping burgers because 'people like him' end up in prison.
What these Relationship Look Like...
The communication is supportive and ongoing in monitoring the students progress
These relationships should involve the child and give them a voice in decisions that affect them.
Upon his return to the education
system, Jonathan's guidance councilor took him aside telling him he had a 50% chance of finishing high school and that 'people like him' end up flipping burgers for a living.
The exact causes of ADHD are unknown, however research suggests it to be highly influenced by inherited genetic factors.
This means there is a high possibility that all teachers will encounter a child with ADHD and need to be aware of how to plan for them in order to produce an inclusive classroom environment.
Parents who have children with ADHD often experience a higher level of stress compared to parents/caregivers of children with physical disabilities as they feel they are being judged on their parenting abilities.
Teachers need to establish positive relationships that empower parents to help the child reach a desired goal rather than focusing on the problem.
When Jonathan talks to people with special needs, they tell him. . .
* Role Model: Adult who also has ADHD. This encourages children to recognise and build strong social support networks
* Social Dilemma Skits
* Problem Solving Activities
* Teach children self management skills when opportunities arise
Explicitly teach social competence individually:
* Enhance and promote self determination by:
- Encouraging choice making (every day decisions in the classroom)
- Set challenging yet achievable goals
Benefits of Including Parents
What can Educators do?
Mutual respect and open communication that supports
the needs and interests of the student
Including Children with
Special Needs Education
A Case Study:
* Group Work
* Classroom Debates * Feeling stick/Sharing circle
(learn how to disagree in an appropriate way)
* Show and Tell (an item or story they * Classroom Meetings
can share with their peers to get to know each
Parents/carers are children's life long advocates. They need to be heard. Jonathan's mum was his advocate.
By creating positive relationships with parents/caregivers at the beginning of the school year, educators have access to valuable information about the child to help with planning. Due to these increased resources available, student's outcomes improve
Ways to include parents/caregivers:
* Invite parents to help in the classroom
* Using a communication book
* Parent-teacher meetings