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The Elizabethan Theatre

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Doro Ri

on 2 November 2014

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Transcript of The Elizabethan Theatre

- also English Renaissance theatre/
early modern English theatre
- 1562-1642
- no women as actors
- plays organized by acting companies
- no stage crew
- almost no scenery
- eating, cheering, walking around
- snacks sold during plays
- no toilets inside
- church forbade theatre in the city itself
- theatres closed in 1596 in London
Hierarchical system
- baptised: 26.2.1564 (Canterbury)
- English dramatist, poet & translator
- leading Elizabethan tragedian
- greatly influenced Shakespeare
- plays known for: use of blank verse
- most famous works: "Hero and
Leander", "Edward the Second", "The
Tragical History of Doctor Faustus"
- mysterious death (30.5.1593)
The Admiral's Men
- 1585: Charles Howard became
Admiral --> The Admiral's Men
- played in the Rose Theatre
- second most important acting troupe
- most of their plays have not survived
- Leader: Edward Alleyn
The Elizabethan

1. Theatre in general

2. Role/ importance
3. Playhouses
4. Companies
5. Important personalities
- many people couldn't read or write
- all manner of society could go there
- It showed the country’s stability to
normal citizen
Public playhouses
- audience: 1500-3000
- open-air
- stage was raised and roofed
- "Tiring house"
- trap doors
- coloured flag:
- white: comedy

red: history
- black: tragedy
- only used in summer in the
- admission price: 1 penny - 6 pounds
Indoor/ private theatre
- audience: 800-1500
- roofed
- mostly used in winter
- 1642: 6 private theatres in London
- more expensive
2. The Theatre
- built: 1576
- owner: James Burbage
- located in Shoreditch
- first successful theatre
- dismantled because of the landlord
3. The Curtain Theatre
- built: 1577
- located: Shoreditch
- active: 1577-1622
4. The Globe
- built: 1599 by Peter Street
- owners: The Lord Chamberlain's Men
- "Green Shows"
- destroyed two times:
- cannonball misfiring (1613)
- by parliamentarians (1644)
- after 2. destruction rebuilt in 1997
"Shakespeare's Theatre"
TODAY: popular tourist and school attraction

1. The Red Lion
- built in 1567
- architects: William Sylvester & John Reynolds
- located in Whitechapel
- active: 1567-1568
Blackfriars Theatre
- founded in 1576
- former monastery
- owner: Richard Farrant
- winter residence of The Lord
Chamberlain's Men
The Lord Chamberlain's Men
- founded in the late 16th century
(The Lord Strange’s Men)
- changed name --> The Lord Chamberlain's Men
- 1599: started to play in The Globe
- 1600: became the most famous company in London
- 1603: name changed again into The King's Men
- members:
Richard Burbage (sharer, principal actor)
William Shakespeare (sharer)
John Heminge* (sharer)
Augustine Phillips
William Kempe (sharer)
Thomas Pope
George Bryan
Richard Cowley
Samuel Gilbourne (child actor)
William Sly
Henry Condell*
John Sincler
managers &
Edward Alleyn
Christopher Marlowe
The Rest Is
- birth: 1.9.1566 (London)
- famous English actor
- began acting career in his late teens
--> joined the "Worcester Men"
--> later: "Admiral´s Men"
- close rival: Richard Burbage
- played title roles in 3 of Marlowe´s
major plays
- a lot of respect and admiration
- death: 25.11.1626
Full transcript