Transcript of China Huang He River Valley
China Huang He River Valley The Huang He River The Huang He river flows across china for more that 2,900 miles. It is also called the yellow river because it carries rich yellow soil. Another name for the Huang He was "China's Sorrow" because when the river flooded It caused people to drown and homes to be destroyed, but it also brought rich soil which was good for farming crops. More of China's Geography Even though China has rich soil along its rivers, little land can be farmed because mountains and deserts cover most of the land. In the southwest the Himalayas close off China and on China's western border are the Kunlun Shan and Tian Shan mountain ranges. The Gobi desert also spreads east from the mountains. These mountains and deserts are natural borders cutting China off from most other people. The Formation of Civilizations Over time the Chinese people came together to form one kingdom called the "Middle Kingdom". Not much is known about how the Chinese civilization began. But artifacts in the Huang He Valley have been found by archaeologists and they show that Huang He was the 1st civilization. The 1st rulers of China was the Xia dynasty. Little is known about them. The Shang dynasty is next and they ruled from 1750 B.C to 1045 B.C. The first Chinese cities may have been built by the Shang. The Shang kings ruled over most of the Huang He valley, but the kings were cruel and Wu Wang led a rebellion against Shang and started a new dynasty called Zhou. Dynasty Language The early Chinese used pictographs and ideographs. To represent an idea they join two or more pictographs. Most symbols represent whole words. The Zhou Dynasty This dynasty lasted over 800 years and is the longest dynasty in Chinese History. They divided the kingdom into smaller territories and later the territory rulers became powerful and stopped listening to their king. The period of Warring States Fighting broke out in 403 B.C. and lasted about 200 years. Historians call this the "period of warring states". They fought with large armies, crossbows, swords, and spears. Later they invented the saddle and stirrup. In 221 B.C. the ruler of Quin defeated the other states and set up a new dynasty. Life in ancient China Many families were large because 9 out of 10 people were farmers and the more children they had the more food they produced. Chinese families practiced filial piety which is children respecting their elders. The head of the family was always the oldest male because men were respected. Women were not allowed to hold government positions, but the wives of rulers and women in the royal family often influenced government decisions. The Great Wall The great wall of China was built to keep out nomads. The Quin king at the time forced farmers to leave their crops to go work on the wall. They used stone, sand, and rubble to build the wall. This wall is not the wall we know today, it was built 1,500 years later. Religion The Chinese worshiped gods and spirits. To keep the gods happy they would offer food and other goods. If the gods were angry they were believed to cause armies to lose a battle and poor harvest. Offerings were also made to their ancestors for good luck. Wildlife giant pandas red pandas and tigers deer monkeys Many creatures lived in china such as... Spielvogel, Jackson J. "Early China." World History Journey across Time, the Early Ages. New York: Glencoe McGraw Hill, 2007. 225-48. Print.Full transcript
"China." Www.globio.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Sept. 2012.
"Google Images." Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2012. <http://images.google.
"China's Wildlife." N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2012
http://www.travelchinaguide.com/silk-road/ Bibliography Quiz Questions 1. _____ was another name for the Huang He River because when it flooded it killed people and destroyed homes.
A.) "China's Sorrow"
C.) "The Red River" 2. What dynasty lasted over 800 years?
C.) Xia 3. What was the name of the fighting that lasted about 200 years?
A.) The period of Warring States
B.) The Yellow River
C.) Giant Pandas The Terracotta Army When Emperor Qinshihuang died he was guarded by his army that was divided in to four pits. With all of the pits combined there are more than eight thousand soldiers, one hundred fifty cavalry horses, one hundred thirty chariots and for those chariots he has five hundred horses all of them life size. It took over seven hundred thousand people to build the pits. The Temple of Heaven Construction of the temple started when Emperor Yongle reigned. It was used to hold ceremonies. The most important ceremony was the Winter Solstices when Emperor Yongle went and prayed for a good harvest. The ceremonies had to be perfect or it would bring bad harvests for the next year. Silk Road Silk road is important for trading for China and the Mediterranean. It is called the silk road because they traded lots of silk between them.
Zhang Qin opened the famous silk road until it fell during the Yuan Dynasty. There are three routes to the silk road Sothern route, Central route and Northern route. By: Kara Harbin & Josh Williams