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Copy of Characters El Cid
Transcript of Copy of Characters El Cid
Rodrigo Dias de Vivar, El Cid Campeador
(1043–1099) was a Castilian nobleman and military leader in medieval Spain. He was called El Cid (the Lord) by the Moors and El Campeador (the Champion) by Christians. He is the national hero of Spain.
Rodrigo was born in the province of Burgos, located nowadays in Spain, but for the epoch (1048) he was in the kingdom of Castila.
The protagonist of the work. A Castilian soldier who fights for his wealth and honor that was taken once from him.
Count Garcia Ordonez
El Cid’s only enemy. In the veins of him and his relatives and descendants flows the blood of a wrongdoer that made El Cid suffer and lose his wealth and honor.
Abengalbón is the Cid's Moorish ally. He helps the Cid by protecting his wife and daughters when they travel to Valencia.
King of Castile. The conqueror on that time. He is who El Cid served for. El Cid gave three demands to him.
Infantes de Carreon
Relatives of Count Garcia Ordonez; they are the ones who tortured El Cid’s daughters.
The daughters of El Cid
Dona Sol y Elvira, the tortured ones. But, because of El Cid their honor is regained from the Infantes.
Jews of Burgos
The two men tricked by El Cid.
Rey Alfonso VI -
the king who exiles Cid; fighting with Moors
Raquel y Vidas -
Martin Antolinez -
the go-between from Vidas
Don Sancho -
Dona Jimena -
Alvar Fanez -
general of Cid; Cid's nephew; helped capture Castejon
moor king of Valencia
Pedro Bermudez -
the standard bearer; attacks without command
Ramon de Berenguer -
count of Barcelona; imprisoned by Cid.
Don Jeronimo -
Don Fernando y Don Gonzalez -
Infantes de Carrion.
emperor of Almoravides in Morocco.
Muno Gustioz -
Jimena's brother-in-law; watched over Los Infantes.
Rey Bucar -
one of the Abu Bekars who lived during the period.
Felix Munioz -
nephew of Cid; followed Los Infantes and Cid's daughters to Carrion.
Dona Urraca -
daughter of Alfonso.
Don Enrique, don Ramon, otros condes -
members of the Court.
No one is really sure who exactly wrote El Cid. The original author is officially considered as anonymous, but it entered oral tradition in poetic form sometime in the 12th century and in 1207 was written down by a certain Per Abbot in medieval Spanish. The original is now in the National Library of Spain, but the first couple of pages are missing, as well as a few in the middle.
El Cid was born in Vivar year 1040.
Diego Laínez El Cid's father was a courtier, and cavalryman who fought in several battles.
El Cid's mother was of aristocratic family.
Rodrigo was given an arabic name "El Cid" that highlights both his great courage and honor.
El Cid became both a General and a Campeador for Spain.
El Cid was exiled multiple times, and even though he received very little support, he rallied his own force and continued to fight for his country.
Rodrigo Diaz De Vivar was born at the city of Vivar at 1040. As a young adult at 1057 he already became a soldier and started fighting Moors what were attacking the land of Castile (now known as Spain). At that time it was ruled by Sancho II, who fought both christians and Moors to get more lands. One time, during a siege on a Moorish castle, Rodrigo slayed a Moorish knight in a fair fight, thus getting the title of Campeador.
The Life of El Cid
El Cid's possessions
The hero of El Cid is a Castilian soldier, Rodrigo Dias de Bivar, who is known by the Arabic title of Sidi or El Cid. The poem begins with the exile of the Cid as a result of intrigues and slander by means of which an enemy, Count Garcia Ordoňez, turns the king against him. He leaves his wife and two daughters in a monastery. To raise money he tricks two Jews of Burgos by selling them a chest which he claims to be full of gold and jewels but which in reality is filled with sand.
He sets out with three hundred faithful followers to gain his living in the small Moorish state of Aragon. Here he prospers well. He wins battle after battle and accumulates booty and ransom from the Moors. His fame attracts more followers, and with his invincible army he even defeats in battle the powerful count of Barcelona and acquires the great city of Valencia. He sends for his wife and daughters. His wealth and fame return him into King Alfonso’s favor.
The king offers to marry his two daughters to two noblemen (ricos hombres), the Infantes de Carreon, relatives of his old enemy, Count Garcia Ordonez, to which the Cid agrees. His sons-in-law are proud and insolent and marry his daughters (whom they consider beneath their rank) only because of the wealthy dowry the Cid gives them.
After the marriage, the Infantes obtain permission from the Cid to take their wives home; but away from the Cid, the bridegrooms strip their bodies naked, beat them, and run away with their dowries. They leave their young wives in the depth of the forest.
The Cid appeals to King Alfonso for justice. The king summons a court at Toledo and the cid appears before it. He demands the return of his two famous swords which the Infantes have taken. The request is granted. He demands the restoration of his daughters’ dowries. This is also granted. The third demand is the right to defend his honor by fighting the two Infantes in a single combat. While the court debates this request, two messengers arrive from the King of Aragon and the king of Navarre requesting the hands of his daughters in marriage. The Cid’s two nephews, who are present, challenge the Infantes de Carreon in single combat. The story ends with the defeat of the Infantes and the complete restoration of the Cid’s wealth and honor.
The story is about someone who fought for his country and for his honor. His unwavering courage led him to many success, although he had some quandaries through his battles and journeys. He never showed weakness in front of his soldiers, that is why many believed, supported, loved, looked up to him, gave him high respect and held him in high regard, even of his enemies after his death. He was not only the strongest but he was also the most courageous man in Spain in his time, as per the King's claim. Because of this, he was deemed a national hero of Spain.
The moral lesson is fighting for honor and at the same time, for the greater good. There may be a lot of obstacles while we are traversing, and the road may be steep and winding, but if we have faith in ourselves together with faith in God, nothing would be unreachable.
But king Sancho II was assasinated. Many believed it was Alfonso VI, his brother who wanted the throne. "Sancho wasn't the best, but it was a crime to kill your own brother!"- always said El Cid. Soon, Alfonso grew tired of him and exiled him. But Cid would still protect his country. He made a lot of Moor friends when he freed Moor prisoners under the promise that they won't attack Castile ever again (this is why he was called El Cid by Moors and Spaniards alike), and so he travelled to both Spanish and Moor lords alike, and soon had rallied a big army of followers.
El Cid, whose real name was
, was often called
"The National Hero of Spain."
He was a military hero in the 11th century, and became well known, enough to be in folk tales.
The Epic El cantar de mío Cid ("The Song of the Cid") is just one example of his life becoming a story.
He was a very good leader and won some battles like: The battle against Moorish king of Lérida and his Christian allies, Count García Ordóñez superior army, and raided toledo. He won all of these battles with ease.
Cid's legendary blade, Tizona is a heraldical sword, which Rodrigo got as a trophy from an enemy Moor king Bukar. It has two incriptions, one is "I AM TIZONA, FORGED AT THE YEAR OF 1040" and another (added after the capture of the sword) being a christian prayer to Mary. This sword is a national treasure of Spain.
Colada is Rodrigo's second sword. It is a heavy rapier which Cid got as a trophy from Prince Ramon Berengar. It is lesser known than Tizona but still is very famous.
Bavieca, Cid's legendary stalion was raised as a warhorse in the finest and the most noble stables of Castilia. It was given to Rodrigo by Sancho II when he became his campeador. It became respected by Rodrigo's followers and feared by his enemies so much it lies in its own tomb at the monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña.
Having his small army rallied, Cid has captured the city of Valencia, to continue defending Spain by fighting the forces of the tyrant and of invading Moors. One time, as yet another siege lay in front of the gates, as Cid was charging and thinking they were winning the battle, something unexpected happened. El Cid was shot by an arrow in a chest.
But the arrow wasn't what ended his life. It turned out to be the poison in the arrow that killed him overnight. His wife strapped him onto his horse and announced that he still lives so that they wouldn't lose their morale. Because of this, the final siege on Valencia failed and made Moors retreat south, thus saving Castilia.
FINAL SIEGE ON VALENCIA
The epic took place in Spain somewhere in Castile. This is where El Cid serves as a knight to King Alfonso. Some parts of the story, especially El Cid’s exile, happened in the land near the small Moorish state of Aragon. This is where he recovers his power by having a Christian-Moorish army that made him able to conquer the city of Valencia. Most incidents happened in Spain where the real life of the real man, El Cid, occurred.
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