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Buddhism

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by

Ally Creason

on 20 September 2013

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Transcript of Buddhism

Major Sections of Buddhism
The 3 main sections of Buddhism are Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana
Tree of Buddhism
Origin/Founded
- Buddhism originated in India in 5th Century BC. People who weren't royal, in this time, lived in poverty and hardships. This was one of the reasons Siddhartha Gautama meditated.
Holy Days of
Buddhism
The religion Buddhism is practiced all over the world and celebrates many holidays. A few of them include Vesak, Uposatha, Asalha Puja Day, Kathina Ceremony, and Magha Puja Day.
Mahayana
They believed that the death of the Buddha was an illusion. They believe he is living in another plane of existance. It is believed Bodhisattvas, Arahanths or Buddhas have attained Nirvana and live beyond our plane of existence to help all of us to attain Nirvana together. Original Mahayana Buddhism is practiced in China, Japan, Korea, Singapore, parts of Russia and most of Vietnam. The Mahayana pantheon is in China.

Today's Buddhism
" The school of elders"
Founder
The Kathina Ceremony is also known as the robe offering ceremony. It is held on a date within the end of the Vassa Retreat. It is the time of the year when new robes and other requisites can be offered from the laitys to the monks.

Uposatha
Known as the "Observance Day" There are four holy days on the new moon, full moon, and quarter moon days every month.
Roots of Buddhism
Vesak
- kKnown as the Buddha's birthday
- Celebrates the birth, enlightenment, and death of the Buddha all in one day
- celebrated on the first full moon day in May, or the fourth lunar month which usually occurs in May or during a lunar leap year, June.
- Vesak is the name of the month in the Indian calendar.

Kathina Ceremony

- There are currently 360 million adherants of Buddhism
- 4th largest religion
- Main Concentration in:
*China, Japan, Korea, Southeast Asia

Place of Worship
- Buddhism is practiced in temples known as a Vihara. Buddhist temples are built to symbolize the elements of fire, air, earth, water, and wisdom. Worshipers may sit on the floor barefoot, facing and image of Buddha and/or chant prayers.
The ultimate goal in Theravada Buddhism is to escape the "life and death circle" (Samsara) and reach Nirvana. It is practiced in Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Loas, Myanmar, Tailand, and some minority districts in China, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, and the Western world.
Is a minor branch of Buddhism that believes in rituals and meditative practices of the Mahayana doctrine. It is practiced in Tibet, Mongolia, and adjacent parts of China and Russia.
Siddhartha Gautama, The Buddha
563 BCE - 483 BCE
Buddha- "awakened" or "elightened one"
Gautama is the primary figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers
Magha Puja Day
-Celebrated to commemorate an important event in the life of the Buddha.
- This event takes place early in the Buddha's teaching.
-Takes places on the full moon day of the third lunar month (March).
"The Great Vehicle"
Asalha Puja Day
Asalha Puja Day is the day to pay homage to the Buddha on the full moon day of the 8th lunar month (approximately July).
It commemorates the Buddha's first teachings( the turning of the wheel of Dhamma).
The Vesak is known as
the Buddha's birthday
" The School of the Elders"
Theravada
Vajrayana
"The Diamond Vehicle"
The Eighthfold Path
4 Noble Truths
Sacred Writings
Pali Tripitika
Mahayana
Anthony, Trudie, Ally, Meredith, Elza
Tripitika (Pali Canon)
Mahayana
- the earliest collection of Buddhist teachings.
- means "three baskets," from the way in which it was originally recorded: the text was written on long, narrow leaves, which were sewn at the edges then grouped into bunches and stored in baskets.
Mahavanna refers back to the Tripitaka, but adds to the sutras, which reflects distinctively on Mahayannan concepts. Most of the Mahayanna sutras were written between 200 BCE and 200 CE. Tnis was the period in which Mahayanna Buddhism developed.
The Final Goal is Nirvana
Top 10 Largest National Buddhist Populations
Teachings
- The Eigthfold Path
- 4 Noble Truths
Full transcript