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The Ancient Egyptian Timeline

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by

Kayla Badstubner

on 21 November 2014

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Transcript of The Ancient Egyptian Timeline

3100 B.C.
2686 B.C.
2181 B.C.
5000 B.C.
The Ancient Egyptian Timeline
By Kayla and Audrey

Predynastic Period (C. 5000-3100 B.C.)
These are some of the major events, leaders, important people and major advancements.
Archaic (Early Dynastic) Period (C. 3100-2686 B.C.)
This is important information you need to know.
Old Kingdom: Age of the Pyramid Builders (C. 2686-2181 B.C.)
This is crucial information about the Old Kingdom.
First Intermediate Period (C. 2181-2055 B.C.)
First Intermediate Period Information:
Middle Kingdom: 12th Dynasty (C. 2055-1786 B.C.)

The coolest time period of all!
Second Intermediate Period (C. 1786-1567 B.C.)

These are the leaders, important people, important events and major advancements of the Second Intermediate Period.
New Kingdom (C. 1567-1085 B.C.)

Important information:
2055 B.C.
1786 B.C.
330 B.C.
1567 B.C.
1085 B.C.
Leaders
King Narmer(King Menes)
Important People
Nefertiti played an important political and religious role in the monotheistic cult of the sun god Aton
southern king, Scorpion
King Menes
Major Advancements
Neolithic (late Stone Age) communities in northeastern Africa exchanged hunting for agriculture and made early advances that paved the way for the later development of Egyptian arts and crafts, technology, politics and religion
King Menes would subdue the north and unify the country, becoming the first king of the first dynasty
Took first step to political unification
First formed hieroglyphs recorded in time
State formation started
Major Events
It was the period between early neolithic and the beginning of the pharaonic monarchy
Divided into cultures
Major Events
The Egyptian capital was founded by Menes
Leaders
King Menes
Important People
King Menes
Major Advancements
Menes defeated the king of lower Egypt in battle and then united both kingdoms
Major Events
Construction of the Great Pyramid at Giza started
Dynasties starting breaking up with major changes
Gunter Dreyer proving the story of Menes
Leaders
Menes
King Djoser
King Pepy II
Important People
Imhotep, an architect, priest and healer
Khufu ruled from 2589 to 2566 B.C.
Khafra (2558-2532 B.C)
Menkaura (2532-2503 B.C.)
Major Advancements
Went from the third dynasty to the eight but artifacts say the sixth
King Djoser asked Imhotep to design a funerary monument for him which started the age of pyramid building
Third Intermediate Period (C. 1085-664 B.C.)
Crucial Parts:
Major Events
Beginning of the bronze age
There were Bedouin invasions and famine and diesease
Leaders
Wadikar
Quakar Iby
Meryibre Kenty
Merykare
Khaneferre
Nebblsaure Akhtoy
Important People
Mentuhotep
Major Advancements
From an era of conflict two kingdoms emerged
The bronze ages
Crucial Information you should know
Major Events
From then on from the Middle Age Kingdom every pharaoh ruled over upper and lower Egypt
Leaders
Akhenaten: Famous pharaoh saying there is only one god, the sun god Ra. He was also the father of the famous King Tut
King Tutankhamum: Taking the throne at age 9 and brought back all the gods his father banished
King Amenemhet I
Amenemhet III (1842-1797 B.C.)
Amenenhet IV (1798-1790 B.C.)
Queen Sobekneferu (1789-1786 B.C.), the first confirmed female ruler of Egypt and the last ruler of the 12th dynasty
Important People
When Mentuhotep IV, was assassinated, the throne passed to his vizier, or chief minister, who became King Amenemhet I, founder of dynasty 12
Major Advancements
A new capital was established at It-towy, south of Memphis, while Thebes remained a great religious center
From the Late Period to Alexander’s Conquest (C.664-332 B.C.)

This was possibly the coolest time period of all time!
Major Events
Important People
Leaders
Major Advancements
Major Events
Exodus of Moses and the Israelites from Egypt possibly occurred during the reign of Ramses II (1304-1237 B.C.).
Egypt restored its control over Nubia and began military campaigns in Palestine, clashing with other powers in the area such as the Mitannians and the Hittites
religious revolution, disbanding the priesthoods dedicated to Amon-Re (a combination of the local Theban god Amon and the sun god Re) and forcing the exclusive worship of another sun-god,Aton
built a new capital in Middle Egypt called Akhetaton, known later as Amarna
Capital returned to Thebes and Egyptians returned to worshiping a multitude of gods
All of the New Kingdom rulers (with the exception of Akhenaton) were laid to rest in deep, rock-cut tombs (not pyramids) in the Valley of the Kings
Amenhotep IV Egypt took religiou revolution expanding priest hoods.

Leaders
Important People
Thutmose III, Egypt’s greatest military hero and Queen Hatshepsut's stepson

Major Advancements
Major Events
There were important changes in Egyptian politics, society and culture
Leaders
King Sheshonq
Shabako, ruler of the Nubian kingdom of Kush
Important People
Major Advancements
Foreigners from Libya and Nubia grabbed power for themselves and left a lasting imprint on Egypt’s population
Egypt clashed with the growing Assyrian empire
Major Events
Battle of Pelusium
in 332 B.C.,Alexander the Great of Macedonia defeated the armies of the Persian Empire and conquered Egypt
He took over in 330 BC. Persians attack again.

Leaders
Necho’s son, Psammetichus
Psammetichus III, the last Saite king
Xerxes (486-465 B.C.)
Ataxerxes III in 343 B.C.
Cleopatra VII
Important People
Major Adavncements
Defeated the Persians
Conquered Egypt
Cleopatra VII–surrendered Egypt to the armies of Octavian
The conquest of Egypt by the Arabs in the seventh century A.D. and the introduction of Islam eliminated the last aspects of Egyptian culture
A rapid succession of kings failed to consolidate power
The official royal court and seat of government was relocated to Thebes
The Hyskos took control of Egypt around 1650 B.C.
Hyskos were foreign rulers and the Thebans were native rulers
Thutmose the third
Queen Heshta Put mother of Thutmose the third
The Thebans started a war against the Hyskos and drove them out of Egypt around 1570 B.C.
Chariots
Necho of Sais who ruled briefly as the first king of the 26th dynasty before being killed by the Kushite leader Tanuatamun in a final, unsuccessful grab for power
Ahmose king of 18th dynasty. Amenhotep the third and the first.
Queen Hatshepsut (1503-1482 B.C.)
Amenhotep I (1546-1526 B.C.)
Thutmose I (1525-1512 B.C.)
Amenhotep III (1417-1379 B.C.)
Amenhotep IV (c. 1379-1362), of the late 18th dynasty-of, Aton. Renaming himself Akhenaton (“servant of the Aton”)
Ramses II (1304-1237 B.C.)
Ramses III (c. 1187-1156 B.C.)
Tutankhamen (c.1361-1352 B.C.)


Egypt clashed with the growing Assyrian empire
Reunited Egypt again.
Cambyses, king of Persia
Alexander the Great
Octavius, Augustus
Alexander the great Artaxerxes the third.
Alexander the Great
Full transcript