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Battle for Berlin
Transcript of Battle for Berlin
It started on January 12th, 1945. Hitler was in shock at the time. As Soviets blow away any Nazi defenses in the suburbs, he claimed that when they arrived at the city, they would be "greeted by massive artillery fire and the German army." In Reality, all that stood in between Hitler and the Russians were the "Volksstum" (volunteer homegaurd) and Hitler Youth.
The German soldiers there were either elderly or young. The main German forces, led by Walther Wenk, was Hitler's last hope for escape. Walther, though, refused to attack, he instead focused on getting as much civilians out as possible. Russian Invasion In the outskirts of the German city, the Soviets attack. T-34/85s and SU-100 assault guns charge the city.
The Battle had started. Soviet Union and Polish soldiers march into Berlin, backed up by massive artillery fire and SU-100 cannons, the Soviets push on, aiming for the heart of the city.
The SU-100 was a Soviet Union assault gun. It was the result of its predecessor, the SU-122. The assault gun had excellent range and proved valuable during the Battle for Berlin. Breaking into the City The next Soviet movement was to break into the city. All that they faced were few German soldiers, city guards, and Hitler youth.
The "Stalin 1" tank was an excellent tank for street fighting. IS-2 (Stalin 2) This was a formidable Soviet Heavy Tank. Due to its thick armor and large turret, the tank was "everything but indestructible." This tank could destroy Tigers and King Tigers with ease. Its only downsides included thin armor for a heavy tank, and a low rate of fire.
Weight: 51 tons
Dimensions (in cm, length/width/height): 267/132/108
Speed: 23mph road, 12mph cross country
Armor: 0.7-5.2 inches City Skirmish When the Soviet Union was confronted with an army of heavily armed German fighter tanks, their "junk tanks" were no match. Soviet scientists quickly got to work on a better tank. Using sloped armor technology, they came up with the T-34/76. This new tank truly dominated the battlefield. Germans feared them. When Axis forces created the Tiger I and II, the Soviet's responded with the T-34/85 possibly the best tank in the war.
T-34/76 STATS T-34/85 STATS
Weight: 29.2 tons Weight: 35 tons
Height: 104 in Height: 104 in
Width: 118 in Width: 118 in
Length: (with barrel) 266 in Length: (with barrel): 319 in
Armor: 0.5-2.8 inches Armor: 0.9-3.5 inches
Speed: 34mph road, 15 mph cross country Speed: 31mph road, 12mph cross country T-34/76 and T-34/85 The Declining Health of Hitler As the battle raged on, and the Soviet Union advanced through the city, Hitler's greatest fears were confirmed.
He grew unhealthy, he was addicted to the medicine he was given and was prone to outbursts of rage.
While his Generals were realists, he wasn't, he lived in his own fantasies that he "would be saved."
His Marshal outside the city, Walther Wenk disobeyed Hitler's order to join the defense of Berlin. Instead the Marshal had made a small link to move civilians out of the city.
With no more places to run from reality, Hitler committed suicide with his Mistress, Eva Braun on April 30th. German Forces stand little chance in defending the city. Russians finally break into the city's streets. Civilians rush for cover as the Russians bombard every building. The Soviets were Vengeful, many soldiers blasting buildings more for emotional status.
Bunker by Bunker, Berlin was slipping away from German possession.
The T-34/85 proved to be not just phenomenal tank in the field, but also in the streets.
Through the battle, the Soviets demanded unconditional surrender, Germany refused.
Hitler ordered the undergrounds railroads to be flooded in order to slow down the Russian advance. This was effective, but it killed thousands of German soldiers and civilians. Adolf Hitler Born: 20 of April, 1889; Died 30 of April, March During the Battle for Berlin, the leader of Germany left his lesser to take charge of the fighting in Berlin. He claimed to the city that “the enemy will be greeted by” the German forces. In reality, there were no German soldiers, only city guards and Hitler youth.
He committed suicide in his bunker with his mistress, Eva Braun, on April 30, 1945, the same day the Soviets took Reichstag. Adolf Hitler saw no flaws in his plans of conquering the world. He was unrealistic, and felt many of the news of defeat given to him by his officers were lies. He did not open his eyes until it was too late, the Battle for Berlin had begun, and Soviet soldiers were on there way to his bunker. German Defense As Hitler called it, the "army" of Germans were actually mixed Hitler Youth, and city guard.
Real soldiers were few in the city.
After Hitler committed suicide, any further fighting tactics and leadership was taken over by Karl Wielding General Helmuth Wielding was Hitler’s designated defender. He carried out the order to flood the undergrounds to slow down the Russians, only to drown thousands of German citizens and soldiers.
He died on the 17th of November, 1955, in his imprisonment. According to the Russians, it was due to “arterial and cardiac sclerosis along with circulatory collapse.” Born 2nd of November; Died on the 17th of November, 1955 Helmuth Wielding Tiger II (aka "King Tiger" The "King Tiger" could be known as one of the best heavy tanks of the war. It had the right amounts of firepower and armor. Unfortunately, its speed slowed it down, along with common mechanical problems.
Due to the advanced building of the tank. Very few were built compared with the M3 Sherman, and the T-34/76 Weight: 76.4 tons
Width: 148 inches
Height: 122 inches
Length: 405 inches
Armor: 1.6-7.3 inches
Max. Speed: 24mph road, 11mph cross country Russian Onslaught The German defense was pulverized. The Russians were the clear winners. But how?
Russian tactic officers and Marshals set up a specific plan in order to invade Berlin. The tacticians created a movement for the armies to first go around the city, and then to close in for the kill. Marshal Georgy Zhuvok was one of the most outstanding military figures in the whole war. He was created First Deputy Supreme Commander in chief of the Soviet armed forces in August 1942.
He commanded the first Belarusian Fronts in 1944.
He led the Russian/Soviet troops to victory in Berlin and proved the battle to be successful for the Allies.
On 18 June 1974 he died of a stroke and was decorated in full military honors as a World War II hero. Born December 1st, 1896; Died 18th of June, 1974 Marshal Georgy Zhuvok This medium-range bomber was developed in an all metal, half shell construction. But later in the war, much of the wings and the tail were made out of wood. It was deployed in the major battles of the Eastern Front, thus taking a big part of the Battle for Berlin. It remained in service until 1949.
It carried a 3 by 0.3 in ShKAS machine guns, 1 by 0.5 in UBS machine gun in rear turret, and an internal payload 3,305-5,505.
Weight: 11,608 lbs
Dimensions (feet): 47.4/71.5/14
Range: 2,360 miles Ilyushin DB-3 and IL-4 On the 30th of April, the Soviet Union had taken Reichstag, and on the 2nd of May, the Germans finally gave in to the Soviet's offer for unconditional surrender. The Battle for Berlin had ended.
100,000 German soldiers died and around 81,116 Soviet soldiers were dead or missing.
Around 22,000 civilians dead. German Defeat Aftermath When the battle ended, the city was left in a Russian Victory and in Allied possession. Much of Berlin’s buildings, homes, etc. were destroyed. Many civilians were left homeless. The Battle for Berlin silenced the Nazi cause. War in the West was over.
German faced Socialism and a ruined society that would shadow the country until the 1980's.