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The Culture of Ancient Greece
Transcript of The Culture of Ancient Greece
Examine contributions that past civilizations made to the modern world (e.g., arts, architecture, aqueducts, legal system, math, language, science, transportation)
Literacy.RH.6-8.8 Distinguish among fact, opinion, and reasoned judgment in a text.
2. Time, Continuity, and Change
4. Individual Development and Identity In a drama, actors speak, show emotion, and imitate the actions of the characters they represent
Today's movies, plays, and television shows are all examples of drama
Two kinds of dramas were developed- comedies and tragedies. Epic poems- the Iliad and the Odyssey- are famous but until the 1900s historians believed that Homer never existed
Many historians have speculated, or made educated guesses about Homer's personal life
Legends tell of Homer's strong influence on his readers
The poetry created during Homer's time was memorized and recited, not written down
Influenced Western literature that followed Greek Art and Architecture Vocabulary for the Day Epic- long poems told about heroic deeds
Fable- a short tale that teaches a lesson
Drama- a story told by actors who pretend to be characters in the story
Tragedy- a person struggles to overcome difficulties but fails
Comedy- the story ends happily Greek Poetry and Fables Greek Drama Homer c. 750 B.C. Who was Aesop? Greek poetry and fables taught Greek values
Greek poems and stories are the oldest in the Western world
The earliest Greek stories were epics About 550 B.C., a Greek slave named Aesop made up his now famous fables.
In most of Aesop's fables, animals talk and act like people
Each fable ends with a message, or moral
"The Tortoise and the Hare"
For about 200 years, Aesop's fables were a part of Greece's oral tradition What are your favorite stories?
Are the characters in your stories brave and clever? How can Greek culture be seen today? Tragedies and Comedies In a tragedy, a person struggles to overcome difficulties but fails
Early Greek tragedies presented people in a struggle against their fate
Character flaws caused him or her to fail In a comedy, the story ends happily
Today we use the word comedy to mean a story filled with humor
Aristophanes- best Greek comdey writer