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Technology in learning/teaching English
Transcript of Technology in learning/teaching English
Call: use technology to support the pedagogical goals of the class and curriculum (benefits and principles). Brown, H. (2007)
1950s-1960s Language lab.
"Technology would come to the rescue of less than totally effective methods" 80s-90s
Communicative language teaching: authentic and meaningful.
Two perspectives: Cognitive approaches and Sociocognitive approaches.
The audio-lingual method: the audio-tape (learning through repetition). Does technology make a "significant" difference in teaching/learning English? Brown, H. (2007)
Language lab/PC: "hopes for salvation".
The language lab: students were not transformed into proficient speakers. Lewis, G. (2009)
Instruccional tools: the abacus, pencils and pens, typewriters, overhead projectors, computers, the Internet, mobile phones and social networks. Warschauer & Meskill (2000)
The blackboard... overhead projector: the grammar translation method (one-way transmission method). Technology.- Application of knowledge to the practical aims of human life or to changing and manipulating the human environment.
Technology includes the use of materials, tools, techniques, and sources of power to make life easier or more pleasant and work more productive.
(Merriam-Webster Dictionary) Technologies "truly" work? Advantages: Teachers can better prepare students for the kinds of international cross-cultural interactions.
Disadvantages: Investment of money, time, and uncertainty results. The key to successful use of technology in language teaching lies in "humanware", the human capacity of teachers to plan, design, and implement effective educational activity. Lewis, G. (2009)
Classroom challenges: How can we use the tools at our disposal to improve the classroom experience?
Technologies will have only limited impact if the pedagogy behind their application does not keep pace. Technology is nothing without a teacher plan.
Technology is a necessity. Dudeney & Hockly (2008)
Technology is becoming increasingly important in both our personal and professional lives. In the coming years the use of technology will be a normal part of ELT.
Access to ICT
CALL: from computer programs to Internet and web-based tools. - Internet access is becoming increasingly available.
- Younger learners are growing up with technology.
- Technology, specially the Internet, present new opportunities for authentic tasks and materials.
- Learners expect language schools to integrate technology into teaching.
- Using a range of ICT tools can give learners exposure to and practice in all of the four main language skills. Larsen-Freeman & Anderson (2011)
Two main ways to think about teachnology for language learning.
Technology provides resouces, such as blackboard, audio, digital technological resources.
Technology provides learning experiences, authentic material, access to the target language. The use of technology is a methodological innovation: it makes possible greater individualization, social interaction, and reflection on language.