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The Emancipation Proclamation

Provides the Who/What/When/Where/Why of this important executive order, given in 1863.
by

Jason Cognac

on 13 February 2014

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Transcript of The Emancipation Proclamation

Learning Goals for Today's Class
1. Explain how ending slavery (abolition) became a major goal of the
U.S. during the Civil War.

2. Explain what the Emancipation Proclamation was, and Describe what it
did.
Main Idea
The
EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION
is one of the most important orders ever given by a U.S. President, and it set a new major goal for the U.S. as it continued to fight the Civil War.
The Emancipation Proclamation
Remember...
Lincoln's main goal was NOT to end slavery.
It was to put the U.S back together as a whole nation.
"If I could save the Union without freeing a single slave I would do it;

and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that."

- Abraham Lincoln
Abolishing slavery is not a goal at the beginning of the war.
What:
The Emancipation Proclamation
emancipation- to free

proclamation- to proclaim; to declare
A declaration of freedom
Who:
Abraham Lincoln:
As president of the U.S., Lincoln
wrote the Emancipation Proclamation
order.

Black American Slaves:
The Emancipation Proclamation
declared freedom for slaves.
When:
January 1, 1863
After the U.S. victory at the Battle of Antietam, which took place in the Fall of 1862.
Where:
Only slaves in the states that have left the U.S. are freed by the Emancipation Proclamation.
Does not proclaim freedom for slaves in the U.S. Border States. Lincoln does not want them to
secede
too.
WAIT!!!
It only freed slaves in the southern states that were in rebellion?
The states that aren't even a part of the U.S. anymore? That don't even listen to President Lincoln?
How did that even work?
IT DIDN'T WORK
Because the Emancipation Proclamation was only for those states that had seceded from the U.S.,...
The Confederate States ignored the order.
The Confederate States did not free their slaves.
No instant changes to slavery took place.
The Emancipation Proclamation did not instantly free the slaves
WHY:
If the Emancipation Proclamation was only for the seceded states and Lincoln knew that he would be ignored by the C.S.A., then
why did he even bother writing it?
This order by the President actually did many things:
It set a new goal & reason for the U.S. to continue the great struggle to fight and win.

The C.S.A. lost support from England and France, both countries that disliked slavery.

Gave free Blacks and runaway slaves the ability to fight for the North.

*
It meant that the U.S. would abolish slavery throughout the country once the war was
over
*
.
BUT...
The goal of the war is changed when President Lincoln signs and issues the EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION
The C.S.A.
1863
Freed slaves in the Confederate states.

Enabled Black men to become soldiers for the U.S.

Made abolishing slavery a major goal of the war for the U.S.
Full transcript