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Copy of Edexcel GCSE Principles of Training, FITT and SMART

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jenny jones

on 11 July 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Edexcel GCSE Principles of Training, FITT and SMART

Edexcel Principles of training, FITT and SMART
Learning Objectives

By the end of the lesson....

All
- State the principles of training

Most
- Describe each principle

Some
- Explain how individual needs affect training
Task 1

In your pairs I want you to think about what is included in a training programme

Extension - Write down what you think
s
p
I
r
means when planning a training programme
Guess the principle of training
Learning Objectives

By the end of the lesson....

All

-
State the components of fitness and SMART targets

Most
-

Describe the components of fitness and SMART targets

Some
- Explain the components of fitness and SMART targets with examples
Components of fitness and sMART Targets
Starter

Match the example to the principle of training

E.g Sprints start at 10m full pace and increase to 20m, 30m, 40m, 50m and so on

E.g a goalkeeper’s training will include lots of reaction work.

E.g Ice baths after a rugby game followed by a day off

E.g I am diabetic, female and 52.
Principles of Training
S
pecificity

P
rogressive Overload





I
ndividual differences/need

R
est and Recovery
Task 2
Speed Dating
In your pairs you have been given 5 pieces of card
- One piece of card states a Principle of Training. You have now got 5minutes to research this principle in your text books and right down key points on your piece of card
- In your pairs you are now to find another pair with a different Principle of Training. On 1 of your cards you are to right down their information
Partner A - script
Partner B - Giving information to the other pair
- You have got 4 minutes before you move onto the next dating couple
Specificity

The
specificity
principle requires an understanding of the needs of the game or event you are taking part in.

Training must be geared towards the needs of the specific sporting activity in order to improve fitness of the body parts that the sport uses.
Progressive Overload

"The body works at a greater rate than normal and then gradually increasing the stress, as it adapts to these exercise training levels."

An athletes body has to be put under slightly more pressure to continue to improve. E.g After 6 weeks of 3 sets of 10 reps at 5kg the athlete needs to move to 3 sets of 10 reps at 10kg.

As the intensity of the exercise increases there is a greater demand for more oxygen to produce energy.

F I T T principles (Go over next lesson)
Individual Differences/Needs

- Age
- Fitness Levels
- Gender
- Lifestyle
- Smoker

Setting the demands and intensity of the exercise at the correct level ensures it is safe for the individual performer.
Rest and Recovery

VERY IMPORTANT ASPECT

Overtraining can result in poorer results from performance and training as it increases the risk of injury and illness and can decrease the desire to exercise
OVER TRAINING COMPLICATIONS
Feelings of insecurity
Fear of competition
Lack of flow and rhythm
Depressed or sensitive
Exam Style Questions
1. Progressive overload is...

a) Matching the exercise to the activity
b) The degeneration of the muscles after exercise has stopped
c) Working the body harder than normal and then increasing the intensity gradually
d) Allowing the body to recover to maintain a high level of performance
2. Specificity is...

a)Allowing the body to recover to maintain a high level of performanceb) Matching the exercises to the activityc) The degeneration of the muscles after exercise has stoppedd) Working the body harder than normal and then increasing the intensity gradually
Progressive Overload -> Components of fitness
F

requency
I

ntensity
T

ime
T

ype
How often do you train?

How hard do you train? Are you working in your target zone 60-80%?

How long do you train for?


What type of training?
Task - Write and example for each component.
E.g Type - Endurance training for long distance running
What exactly are you trying to achieve?
What exactly are you trying to achieve?
Goals need to be measurable so results can be measured against recognised norms
Are the targets challenging but reachable
The goals should be realistic to the level of skill and fitness of the performer
Goals should be times - a timetable of training, allow time for improvement, amount of weekly sessions
REALISTIC
Reversibility

"Any adaptation that takes place as a consequence of training will be reversed when you stop training."

The body needs to be stressed to maintain and increase strength.

When training stops your improvements can be lost up to 3x faster than you gain
Task
In pairs put the examples under the headings for each SMART target
1st target - poor written example
2nd target - better written example
Series of phases setting out achievable targets for progress

TASK 1 - Using your text book find out -

1) The value of goal setting
2) Short term goals
3) Long term goals
4) Minimum level of fitness
5)Reversibility
C - bullet points
B - sentences
A - Sentences with examples
Lesson Objectives

All
-
Complete and state the components of fitness and individual information on your PEP - GRADE C

Most
- Completed and describe the components of fitness and individual differences relating to your sport - GRADE B

Some
- Completed and describe the components of fitness and individual differences relating to your sport and evaluate which component of fitness you will be training.
- GRADE A
Peer Assessment

What they have done well - e.g description, relation to the sport
What needs improving - e.g principles of training are wrong, need more revision on FITT
Using the mark scheme give a rough guess of a mark
Full transcript