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Gothic Influences - Wuthering Heights

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Anne Harshbarger

on 12 December 2014

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Transcript of Gothic Influences - Wuthering Heights

Gothic Architecture
Elements of a Gothic Novel
Setting in a Castle
(A gothic novel includes most of these elements but will not always contain all of them)
York Minister: Largest Gothic Cathedral in Northern Europe
The Gothic Era
7 Key Characteristics of Gothic Architecture
1. Height
A. Grand Designs

B. Sweeps Upwards
A. Simple Supports
B. Elaborate Designs
3. Pointed Arches
A. Distributed Force better

B. Appealing look
Flying Buttresses on Notre Dame De Paris
2. Flying Buttresses
Present Day Gothic Culture
4. Vaulted Ceilings

A. Spread Force and Weight

B. Impression of Height and Elegance
5. Light and Airy Interiors
A. Bright Windows

B. Vast Interiors
began in France in mid 12th century
6. The Gargoyle
A. Used as a scare tactic

B. Water Spout/gutter
follows the Romanesque period
7. Ornate Design
A. Beauty and Aesthetics

B. Had to "merit" being
Romanesque Vs Gothic
Includes cathedrals, churches, castles, etc
Architecture in Wuthering Heights
Features included: ribbed vaults, pointed arches, flying buttress, stained glass windows and taller structures
France and Spain are famous for their Gothic architecture
Gothic art is mostly about religion and was used to educate
"Before passing the threshold, I paused to admire a quantity of grotesque carving lavished over the front, and especially about the principle door; above which, among the wilderness of crumbling griffins and shameless little boys."
- Lockwood (p. 2)
Gothic Influences in Wuthering Heights
An atmosphere of mystery and suspense
High, even over wrought emotion
Women in distress
Women threatened by a tyrannical male
The metonymy of gloom and horror
Gothic vocabulary
Includes paintings, sculptures, manuscripts and stained glass
Gothic Sculptures
Gothic Paintings
Manuscripts and Prints
Became popular in the late 1700s
Branch of fiction
combines horror, mystery, and romantic elements
contain supernatural elements
Ribbed Vaults
Flying Buttress
Stained glass windows
Taller, more open structures
paintings appeared on wood and altarpieces
paintings were mostly portraits about religious characters
Gothic sculpture includes gargoyles, saints, sinners
Stained Glass
Used to decorate architecture
paintings were more colorful and complex than before
stained glass allowed more light into buildings
intricate mosaic patterns
tells the lives of saints and biblical stories
"One of the maids mentioning the Fairy cave (Penistone Crags), quite turned her head with a desire to fulfill this project: she teased Mr.Linton about it; and he promised she should have the journey when she got older." p.164
"Instead of finding her (Old Cathy) outside, I heard her voice within. The little monkey had crept by the skylight of the other, and it was with the utmost difficulty I could coax her out again." p.52
"'Is he (Heathcliff) a ghoul or a vampire?' I mused. I had read of such hideous incarnate demons." p.286
"I detected the date '1500', and the name 'Hareton Earnshaw'." p.2
handwritten manuscripts with decorative borders and colorful characters
Include reliefs and free standings sculpture
Wuthering Heights
Gothic sculptures were more natural and relaxed compared to Romanesque
Paintings, sculptures, and stained glass broke away from architecture
Thrushcross Grange
"As it spoke, I discerned, obscurely, a child's face looking through the window. Terror made me cruel; and, finding it useless to attempt shaking the creature off, I pulled its wrist on to the broken pane, and it rubbed it to and fro till the blood ran down and soaked the bedclothes; still it wailed, 'Let me in!' and maintained its tenacious gripe, almost maddening me with fear."
mostly stone was used but wood also became popular
circular windows are called Rose windows

"Cathy stared a long time at the lonely blossom trembling in its earthy shelter, and replied, at length— ‘No, I’ll not touch it: but it looks melancholy, does it not, Ellen?’"p.199
"I cannot say why I felt so wildly wretched: it must have been temporary derangement..." p.108

"In the midst of my agitation, i was sincerely glad to observe that Catherine's arms had fallen relaxed, and her head hung down. 'She's fainted or dead,' I thought..." p.140
"Mr.Heathcliff was there-laid on his back. His eyes met mind so keen and fierce, I started; and then he seemed to smile. I could not think him dead: but his face and throat were washed with rain; the bed-clothes dripped, and he was perfectly still." pp.290-291
"'I didn't touch you, you lying creature!' cried she, her fingers tingling to repeat the act, and her ears red with rage. She never had power to conceal her passion, it always set her whole complexion in a blaze." p.61
"...he (Heathcliff) seized her with the liberated hand, and, pulling her (Young Cathy) on his knee, administered with the other a shower of terrific slaps on the side of the head, each sufficient to have fulfilled his threat..." p.234
Wuthering Heights undeniably contains gothic elements.....
...But it is not merely a gothic novel it contains other elements.
"My love for Linton is like the foliage in the woods: time will change it, I'm well aware, as winter changes the trees. My love for Heathcliff resembles the eternal rocks beneath: a source of little visible delight, but necessary." p.71
"On that bleak hill-top the earth was hard with a black frost, and the air made me shiver through every limb. Being unable to remove the chain, I jumped over, and, running up the flagged causeway bordered with straggling gooseberry-bushes, knocked vainly for admittance, till my knuckles tingled and the dogs howled. " (Chapter 2 pg.6)
Examples of Gothic Literature
A. Victorian-era Characteristics
i. Classy-Lived a lavish
B. Gothic-era Characteristics
i. Light and airy interiors
ii Ornate Design

"His honest, warm, and intelligent nature shook off rapidly the clouds of ignorance and degradation in which it had been bred; and Catherine's sincere commendations acted as a spur to his industry." P.279
A. Gothic/Medieval Elements
i. Dark
ii. Intimidating
iii. Strong
The Homes Are the Characters
Dracula's Castle
i. Much like Wuthering Heights,
the castle is dark, and
intimidating, helping establish
the character of Dracula
Emily Bronte ~ Victorian Age
Women were oppressed
no power, no employment, etc.
bound to the rules of society
Wrote with a pen name: Ellis Bell
Allowed her to express herself without fear
lead to writing in a Gothic fashion
Boundaries are trespassed; in love, life, social class and family
http://www.slideshare.net/dengel mcfile/elements-of-gothic-literature-in-wuthering-heights
http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Gothic fiction.html
The Castle of Otranto
i. The Castle is much like Manfred,
the Lord of the Castle: Dark and
mysterious. It contributes to his
evil and manipulative ways

Gothic culture began in the 1980s in England
It includes music, fashion and entertainment
Gothic Fashion
Wuthering Heights
i. The house became a central
part of the characters of
Heathcliff and Hindley, as they
both became surrounded by
wanting revenge. The house's
dark appearance made these
transformations much more
Thrushcross Grange
i. The house's bright and
extravagant features were a
direct contrast of Wuthering
Heights. Its inhabitants are
also an example of this.
Edgar and Isabella are
light-haired, kind, and

Romanesque vs. Gothic paintings
Rose Window
Free Standing
they often told biblical stories
written by Stephenie Meyer
written by Gaston Leroux
written by Mary Shelley
written by Marie Garratt
pertaining to the style of painting, sculpture, etc. produced between the 12th and 15th century, especially in Northern Europe, characterized by a tendency toward realism and an interest in detail
Gothic music emerged from post punk and alternative rock
Famous Gothic Musicians
The Cure
Marilyn Manson
Combines dark, keyboard heavy music, with romantic music
Instruments include electrical guitar, bass, drums, and keyboards
dark, mysterious, and exotic
includes a pale complexion and black hair, nails, lips, makeup and clothes
gold and silver were used in decorating the pages
most famous type of Gothic art
"The latter had never been underdrawn:
its entire anatomy lay bare to an
inquiring eye, except where a frame of
wood laden with oatcakes and clusters
of legs of beef, mutton, and ham,
concealed it."
- Lockwood (p. 2)
"Above the chimney were sundry villainous old guns"
- Lockwood (p. 2)
"Wuthering Heights is the name of Mr. Heathcliff's dwelling,
'Wuthering' being a significant provincial adjective,
descriptive of the atmospheric tumult to which its station is
exposed in stormy weather.
- Lockwood (p. 2)
"Pure, bracing ventilation they
must have up there at all times,
indeed: one may guess the power
of the north wind blowing over
the end of the house; and by the
excessive slant of a few stunted
firs at the end of the house;...
Happily, the architect had
foresight to build it strong."
- Lockwood (p. 2)
"It was beautiful-a splendid place carpeted with crimson,
and crimson-covered chairs and tables,"
- Heathcliff (p. 40)
"A pure white ceiling bordered by gold, a shower of glass-drops hanging in silver chains from the center, and shimmering with little soft tapers."
- Heathcliff (p. 41)
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