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Transcript of BEL462
Point of view and Intended Audience Author's Definition: An author's purpose is simply his or her reason for writing. To inform-to give information.
To instruct-to explain how to do something.(give instruction)
To persuade-to convince readers to do something.
To entertain-to present humor or other enjoyable material. Eg: Textbook authors- give information & instruction Video commercial iphone 5- give information and persuade and entertain Definition:: Tone refers to the author's use of words and writing style to convey his or her attitude toward of a topic. What is the author's reason for writing this? Tone helps you understand the author's intended meaning.
Authors choose words that can help convey their tone. Eg: Authors may use an enthusiastic tone, a concerned tone or even in angry tone.
Writer might use the word pushy rather than assertive to describe someone he/she dislikes. What do the author's word choice and writing style convey about his/her attitude toward the topic? Definition: An author's point of view refers to his or her position on an issue or in other words, the author's opinion or beleif regarding on issue. Sometimes author take neutral, unbiased position and present both sides of issues objectively.
Authors often tell the reader what their position is.
Authors point of view is often the main idea.
When authors present controversial issue, they make take position in favor of one side of issue.(bias)
What is the author's position or belief regarding the issue? Definition: Intended audience means the people the writer has in mind as the readers. Specific person.
Eg: when someone write a letter, the recipient is the intended audience Particular Group of people
Eg: Reader's Digest, Time magazine. 3 categories of intended audiences Who did the author have in mind as readers? The Edge: Pointers about author's purpose, tone, point of view and intended audience. If the author's purpose is to inform, think a minute more about whether there could be some other purposes Sometimes the author states the purposes or indicates who the intended audience is. On standardized test, recognize "purpose words" that mean the same thing. Authors may write for other purposes or a combination of purposes. The author's point of view may also be referred to as the "author's argument." In literature, "point of view" has another meaning; the person through whose eyes the story is being told. Pay attention to the author's tone because it helps you to understand his/her real meaning. There are many words
that can used to
describe an author's tone. Words that describe a neutral tone Eg:
dispassionate- devoid of or unaffected by passion, emotion or bias.
unemotional- involving little or no emotion or feeling
objective- uninfluenced by emoticoms or personal prejudis
matter-of-fact- straightforward; unemotional Words that describe a serious tone Eg:
reserved: marked by self-restraint and reticence
solemn: deeply earnest, serious and sober Words that describe
an emotional tone. Eg:
celebratory- done with festivity or rejoicing
cheerful- glad, merry, reflecting good humor
emotional- showing strong feeling
intense- deeply felt, profound
remorseful- feeling regret
self-pitying- feeling sorry for oneself Words that describe a hostile, critical, or disapproving tone, Eg:
angry- feeling or showing anger; incensed or enraged
vindictive- spiteful, revengeful
threatening- intended to give a warning Words that describe a humorous, sarcastic,ironic, satiric tone Eg:
comical- humorous, amusing
humorous- funny, amusing
disbelieving- not believing; refusing to believe
disdainful- contemptuous, scornful
playful- full of sun and hight spirits
mocking- treating with scorn and contempt Words that describe a supportive tone Eg:
approving- expressing approval or agreement
encouraging- showing support
hopeful- inspiring hope
supportive- showing support or assistance
sincere- genuine; without hypocrisy or pretense Some other words that can be used to describe tone. Eg:
ambivalent- having opposite feelings/ attitude at the same time.
cautions- careful; not wanting to take chances
gloomy- depressing; dismal Do not confuse a descriptionof the topic with a description of tone Be specific about who the intended audience is That is all from us.
Now, Question time!