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APUSH Civil War Project

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Aidan Hybertson

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of APUSH Civil War Project

Civil War Maps Confederates/Rebels The American Civil War Key People & Organizations Of the Civil War John C. Calhoun American Politician from South Carolina, supported Southern Succession over abolition of Slavery. Robert E. Lee Jefferson Davis Nathan Bedord Forest Union/Yankees Harriet Beecher Stowe Charles Sumner Stephen Douglas Abraham Lincoln George McClellan Ulysses S. Grant William Tecumseh Sherman John Wilkes Booth Andrew Johnson Edwin Stanton Thaddeus Stevens Neutral Henry Clay Clement Vallandigham Hiram Rhodes Revels Important Organizations of the Civil War Clara Barton Copperheads 54th Massachusets Regiment Radical Republicans Freedmen's Bureau American Politician and Leader of the Rebel Confederate States of America. American Military officer, and leader of the Rebel Confederate Army. Extremely successful Confederate General, founder of the KKK. Confederate Supporter, assassinates President Lincoln. Northern Abolishionist, wrote Anti-Slavery book "Uncle Tom's Cabin". American Politician, very critical of Slavery, was assulted by a Southern politician, causing more division between the North and South. Daniel Webster American Politician, helped compromise to attempt to avoid a Civil War. American Politician, attempted to create compromise in order to prevent war between the North and South. American Politician, Northern Democrat, helped to prevent Border States from seceeding. President of the United States during the Civil War, started the War by supplying Federal Forts in Souther States. "Copperhead" Leader of Northern Democrats who opposed war with the South. 1st Union Supreme Comander of the Civil War, replaced for lack of agression. Decisive Union General, leads Union to Victory over the South. Successful Union General, Begins policy of "Total War" and "Scorched Earth" Lincoln's Vice-President, President after Lincoln's Assassination, Went easy on the South, was a Democrat, Clashed with Radical Republican Congress. First Black Congressman in the United States. Lincoln's Secretary of War, part of the Struggle between Congress and President Johnson. Radical Republican, wanted to treat the South as "conquered territory", lead efforts to impeach President Johnson, and strong supporter of Black rights. Massachusetts teacher, turned nurse during the Civil War, later championed women and human rights, formed US Red Cross, and got the US to sign the Geneva Agreement on human rights. Northern Democrats who did not support sucession, but thought that the North should not go to war with the South, but just let them go. 1st Black Regiment, formed with Black soldiers and White officers, was a success, opened up the future to Black regiments being deployed by the North. Northern Republicans who wanted to end slavery completely and punish Confederate states. Organization formed to protect newly freed slaves from being exploited, helped freedment get good wages, education, and legal advice, formed mostly by former Northern Abolishionists. Despised by the South, called Carpetbaggers. Compromise of 1850 Bleeding Kansas Dred-Scott Case Lincoln-Douglas Debates Raid on Harper's Ferry Lincoln's Election Fort Sumter First Battle of Bull Run Battle of Antietam A group of 5 bills passed in September of 1850, intended to defuse the tense situtation over the expansion of Slavery. Drafted by Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas, it ended with California being a free state in exchange for stricter runnaway slave laws in the North. A series of bloody conflicts between Pro, and Anti-Slavery Groups in Kansas and Missouri. This conflict stemmed from the decision that Kansas would vote on whether it would be a free state or slave state. It was essentially a proxy war between the North and South over slavery. It went from 1854-1861. A Supreme Court Case, which concluded that the Federal Government had no power to regulate Slavery in the territories, and also that people of African decent, both free and slaves were not American Citizens. A series of debates between Abraham Lincoln, and Stephen Douglas, established Lincoln as a big new upcoming politician. It was the first time Lincoln gained national recognision. (1858) A raid by famous Abolishionist John Brown on the Federal Armoury at Harper's Ferry (1859). This was the first step of John Brown's plan to help slaves rise up in rebellion against their masters. The rebellion failed to materialize and John Brown captured and hanged. He became a hero for the North and a symbol of Northern Agression to the South. Lincoln was elected President in the 1860 election, which caused several Southern states to immediatley secede, beginning with South Carolina thus starting the Civil War. A Federal fort in South Carolina, after South Carolina seceded Lincoln thought about sending reinforcements, but thought that would provoke South Carolina into firing on the fort, so he only sent supplies. When the supplies reached the fort, the South Carolina troops began shelling the fort (April 11, 1861). The Union and Confederacy were now officially at war. The first major battle of the Civil War (July 21, 1861) Ended thoughts that this war would be over quickly. Both sides lost thousands of men, it was a sobering event which made both sides realize that this was going to be a terrible conflict. A battle fought near Sharpsburg, Maryland on September 17, 1862. The single bloodiest day in American history with 23,000 Americans killed. End of Confederate advance, Northern strategic victory, prompted Lincoln to give the Emancipation Proclamation. Emancipation Proclamation Vicksburg Andersonville Prison 13th-15th Amendments Surrender at Appomattox Lincoln's Assassination Black Codes Order issued to the United States Armed Forces by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. To treat all slaves found in rebel states as free. Essentially freeing all of the Confederate's slaves. Immediatly freed between 20,000 and 50,000 slaves in Union controlled Southern land. Did not compensate the South at all, punished them for rebelling. The turning point of the Civil War, finished the Union strategy of cutting the South in half, by giving the Union control of the Mississippi River. A major victory for the North under Ulsses S. Grant (July 4, 1863). A prison built in 1864 in Andersonville, Georgia for Union prisoners. Originally only intended to hold around 10,000 as amny as 33,000 Union soldiers were held here. Had a terrible mortality rate due to disease and starvation. Of the approximetly 45,000 soldiers held here over the course of the war around 13,000 died. 13th: This Amendment was passed on December 6, 1865. It outlawed Slavery in the United States as a whole. 14th: This Amendment was passed on July 9, 1868. It was intended to protect the rights of former slaves, it prevented government in the United States (federal or state) from preventing equal rights based on race. 15th: This Amendment was passed on Febuary 3, 1870. It prevented states from denying citizens the right to vote based on race, color or previous condition of servitude. The surrender at Appomattox Court House, was the final surrender of Robert E. Lee's Virginia Army, and essentially the end of large Southern Resistance. Lee and his men turned over their weapons, but Grant allowed all but the highest ranked Confederates to return to their homes, provided that they swear to not take up arms against the Union. On April 14th 1865 John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln in the back of the head while he watched a play in Ford Theatre. Booth had hoped to revieve the Confederate cause by killing Lincoln, but this surge of Confederate resistance never materialized. Laws passed in Southern states after the Civil War to limit the civil rights and liberties of Blacks. These laws controlled the labor, migration, and other activities of Blacks. These laws attempted to get Blacks as close to enslaved as possible. Civil War Artwork/ Photograph This is a picture of some bodies taken after the battle of Gettysburg. I chose this picture because it shows the true horror of the Civil War. This picture also shows how people did not expect the Civil War to be horrible at all, photographers and artists came to the battles, only to witness the true inhumanities of war. APPARTS 2: The Gettysburg Address APPARTS 1: Hinton Helper A: White Southerner that criticized slavery, despite being quite racist.
P: 1850's in the South, a hostile place for any abolitionists.
P: To criticize the South for debasing nonslaveholding whites and the South's economy in general.
A: White Southerners originally, however the book only truly became popular in the North.
R: To express the bad situation the South was in and why it should curb its love for the Peculiar Institution, he also expressed how all blacks should be sent back to Africa.
T: That slavery was a vile act that diminished Southern honor.
S: A white Southerner spoke out against slavery in an environment that condemned such an act, this helped Northerners believe that not all of the South were moralless. A: Abraham Lincoln, president of the United States of America.
P: Gettysburg battleground, the bloodiest battle of the Civil War.
P: To address the thousands who had died in the Civil War and grieve, but also to say that their deaths were not meaningless.
A: Northerners and the Union as a whole, a nation needing something to raise its spirits.
R: To bring the Union together, and address their losses.
T: That the soldiers did not die in vain, their lives were given for a great cause, and they shall be remembered for their sacrifice.
S: One of the most important and well known speeches given in United States history. APPARTS 3: NYC Riots A: Adrian Cook, a historian.
P: July 13, 1836 New York City. 1974 (Book) not a primary source.
P: Political instability caused protests in many large cities.
A: Created to prove that there was a reason behind the NYC Riots to students. Possibly biased.
R: Historical documentation and to create interest in the time period.
T: The NYC riots were caused by popular protesting anf the political instability of the time.
S: Explains the NYC Riots, which protested newly freed slaves and immigrants. Bibliography: Bibliography (People) -http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/stowe/StoweHB.html
- http://www.marshfield.net/History/webster.htm
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Webster
- http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c000482
- http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c000044

-http://www25.uua.org/uuhs/duub/articles/clarabarton.html Bibliography (Events) Wikipedia.org
http://www.mikalac.com/civ/main60.html "It is harder to preserve than to obtain liberty. " "All we ask is to be let alone." "It is well that war is so terrible. We should grow too fond of it." "Get there first with the most." "I have too great a soul to die like a criminal. " "I did not write it. God wrote it. I merely did his dictation." "From the beginning of our history the country has been afflicted with compromise. It is by compromise that human rights have been abandoned. " "There are only two sides to this question. Every man must be for the United States or against it. There can be no neutrals in this war; only patriots and traitors." "America will never be destroyed from the outside. If we falter and lose our freedoms, it will be because we destroyed ourselves." "The Union, which can alone insure internal peace, and external security to each State, Must and Shall be Preserved, cost what it may in time, treasure, and blood." "I have never advocated war except as a means of peace." "War is cruelty. There is no use trying to reform it. The crueler it is the sooner it will be over." "I am sworn to uphold the Constitution as Andy Johnson understands it and interprets it." "Come here immediately and see if you can find the murderer of the President." "The future condition of the conquered power depends on the will of the conquerer." "The Constitution of the United States was made not merely for the generation that then existed, but for posterity- unlimited, undefined, endless, perpetual posterity." "Soon after the war began the reign of the mob was... supplanted by the iron domination of arbitrary power. Constitutional limitation was broken down; habeas corpus fell; liberty of the press, of speech, of the person, of the mails, of travel, of one’s own house, and of religion; the right to bear arms, due process of law, judicial trial, trial by jury, trial at all; every badge and muniment of freedom in republican government or kingly government--all went down at a blow..." "I find that the prejudice in this country to color is very great, and I sometimes fear that it is on the increase. For example, let me remark that it matters not how colored people act, it matters not how they behave themselves, how well they deport themselves, how intelligent they may be, how refined they may be—for there are some colored persons who are persons of refinement; this must be admitted—the prejudice against them is equally as great as it is against the most low and degraded man you can find in the streets of this city or in any other place." "I may sometimes be willing to teach for nothing, but if paid at all, I shall never do a man's work for less than a man's pay." "The people's government, made for the people, made by the people, and answerable to the people."
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