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Gender Roles in 1912 & 1945

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Kaoutar Darouache

on 5 September 2014

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Transcript of Gender Roles in 1912 & 1945

Gender Roles in 1912 & 1945
What was life like for women during 1912 & 1945?
1912 - Women were subservient to men.
All a rich woman could do was get married; a poor woman was seen as cheap labour.
1945 - As a result of the wars, women had earned a more valued place in society.
What was life like for women during 1912 & 1945? Continued
Women never had responsibility; they were men's servants. But during the war, not enough men were there to help in hospitals etc. Thus, women had to help out and because of this men started realising they can do just as good. Hitherto, women are treated the same.
What options were available for those that were rich & poor?
Britain in 1912, for people who were poor wasn't very nice. The poor were not considered important. If you were poor at that time you would barely be able to cope unless you were a farm worker. Being a farm worker would allow you to take a bit of grain home to provide for your family.
What rights did women have?
In 1912, if a woman was married she was expected to leave her job and stay full time at home looking after the kids and house. Women who were single could go to work however, after the war most women were told to give up their job for the men
What rights did women have? Continued...
who needed it. Marriage was seen as something that was highly desirable. Otherwise you'd be left on the shelf. The suffragist movement had taken off and women took a big interest in the election that year.
What options were available for... Continued
However, for the wealthy it was like heaven. They had enough money to feed their entire family to their fill and build houses that were full with luxuries. The ruler in 1912 was King Edward VII. King Edward VII made class distinctions (separated people). There was a class system which was sectioned into
What options were available for... Continued
Upper class: Royalty like kings, dukes, and people that were really rich.
Middle class: Business men, shop owners and teachers.
Lower/working: People who worked in factories and miners.
Differences seen in gender roles in the years 1912 and 1945?
1912 - Women - Women often went into service doing domestic tasks either in hotels or in the houses of rich people. There were also some factory jobs for women.
Marriage was seen as something that was highly desirable. Otherwise you'd be left on the shelf. They were seen as of a lesser
Differences seen in gender roles... Continued
importance, they were not respected and thought of as less intelligent compared to the men.
Men were seen to be more intelligent than women. Their job was to provide for the family. They had a huge amount of power over women.
Differences seen in gender roles... Continued
1945 - The government conscripted single women aged 20-30 as auxiliaries to the Armed Forces, Civil Defence, or war industries. Propaganda leaflets urged women to participate in the war effort.
Most 'men' jobs were taken over by women due to their ability and high engagement.
How is the role of gender linked to the play 'AIC'?
Women were valued less than men and did not have rights to vote. This play illustrates the fact that even though there were different classes of women, they still had limited oppurtunities in life. An upper class woman would try to impress a rich man...
How is the role of gender linked to the...continued
and hope she would be married well. She would not work or earn money. She would be expected to look her best and portray a good image to society. Life for a working class woman was even worse. They would be looked down upon even more than upper class women.
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