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Planning template

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Haoer Ying

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of Planning template

Who to involve Gather
Information How to involve Why perform an assessement Needs Assessment Model Purpose Expressed needs:

Normative needs:

Perceived needs:

Relative needs: Community Types of Assessment Methods of Data collection Resources Who to involve SHIRLEY SARFO, SAMEENA VADIVELU, HAOER YING The community needs an assessment! Scenario A community has been increasingly seeking diabetes health services. The Diabetes Association has sought the services of your team to perform a needs assessment in the community. Collect information to make informed decisions to assist in the prioritization and development of programs gaps identified through the comparison of advantaged and disadvantaged groups what the target audience thinks their needs are fall below standard services set out by health authorities Community Members
- Empowerment

Those who will carry out the assessment
- Agency
- Volunteers from community

- Community Leader/Groups
- Local councils
- Community agencies
- Decision makers
- Funding agencies
- Health care providers How to involve? Types of Data
Pass the box to the person next to you until the music stops.
The person holding the box will have to answer a question.
If the question is answered correctly, person gets to open the box and receive a surprise!
If the question is not answered correctly, the box will be redeemed by another person who answers the question. Community Based Groups
- Focus groups
- Partnerships
- Coalitions

- Time Constraints
- Limited accessibility of meeting location
- Lack of awareness of the opportunity for involvement
- Feelings of inadequacy or insecurity about being involved Strategies
- Providing food as an incentive
- Providing informal training or skills related to being involved
- Having specific tasks in which individuals can be involved
- Regularly scheduled meeting dates and times Primary Data
- Raw data is collected directly by the researcher(s)
- Includes interviews, surveys, community forums, focus groups, observation

Secondary Data
- Primary data has already been collected and is available to the public

1. Archival Data: medical records and other types of agency records

2. Public Data: national surveys, vital statistics, social census indicators

3. Proprietary data: health insurance, different organizations

4. Published Literature: journal articles Using existing data - Using information that has been gathered by others
- Census
- Public Records Interviews and focus groups - Specialized group interview in which individuals are not told exactly what the interviewer wants to know
- Less formal than forums
- Conducted with either individuals or small groups
- Specific but open ended questions
- Relaxed atmosphere that encourages people to open up Surveys - Different types of surveys
- Questions that cater to the community
- Quantitative questions, open/close ended questions Public forums - Learn about the community's perspective on local issues and options
- Generally small group
- Specific questions asked
- First step towards understanding the community's needs and resources Direct Observation - Seeing for yourself
- Participant observer Asset Mapping - Focuses on the strengths of the community
- Gives the power back to the community members that directly experience the problem
- Builds a sense of cohesiveness and commitment Limitations Survey Bias - Opportunity to express frustrations, wants, needs Time constraints - heavily influence quality and quantity of data Sample population - wrong target audience
- cultural appropriateness Rigorous data standards - data must be valid and reliable How to play Musical Box 1. Why is a needs assessment performed? 2. What type of assessment would you conduct to determine if your organization has the capacity to implement a program? 3. Who should we involve? (List 3) 4. What are some of the barriers to involving community members? 5. Why is it not always sufficient to use only primary data? 6. What types of secondary data sources are there? (list 3) 7. List some methods for data collection? 8. A tornado has just hit a community and you are required to conduct a needs assessment immediately. What type of needs assessment model would you use? Questions? Organizational Assessment

Workforce Assessment

Marketing Assessment

Rapid Assessment

Needs Assessment

Community Health Assessment Epidemiological Model quantify health problems (hazards, risks and the precursors)
utilize tools such as registries, surveys
determines the seriousness, importance and the prevalence of a health problem Public Health Model quantify health problems with limited resources
utilize existing data
overlaps with the epidemiological model but does not account for sociocultural aspects of health quantify characteristics that can affect health in a socioeconomic context
utilize individual and national surveys
cannot directly measure the extent of a health problem Social Model examines the strengths, assets, abilities and resources that exist and are available
utilize data from agencies, focus groups and maps
cannot measure the extent of a health problem Asset Model qualitative assessment of urgent normative and perceived needs
utilizes windshield survey, existing data and interviews
may miss problems or causes that contribute to health Rapid Model identified as the demand for particular services within the target community
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