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Three Fifths Compromise
Transcript of Three Fifths Compromise
Southern Point of View
Northern Point of View
Populations and Taxes
The Great Compromise solved the problem of representation between the large and small states.
One house would be equal representation and one would be based on population.
This started a new debate between the Southern and Northern states.
How would the population be counted?
For taxing: Slaves are not people. They are property.
Therefore the Southern states' direct taxes would be low.
For representation: Slaves did count as people.
The slaves would raise the Southern states' population and more people meant more votes.
What is a compromise?
Create a situation that might require a compromise. Think about your family, friends, sports, or school for an idea.
The North did not want slaves to count when deciding the number of votes because the South would get more votes.
Freed African slaves would be counted in the population.
The number of people in a state determined the number of votes the state would have and how much money they had to pay in taxes to the government.
There would be a census every 10 years to count the population.
I can explain how the 3/5 Compromise worked.
I can explain the debate between the Northern and the Southern states.
The economy of the Southern states was based on growing and selling crops like tobacco and cotton.
They used slaves to plant and harvest the crops.
Slaves were treated poorly and could be bought and sold like property.
The Northern states relied on other means for making money.
People farmed, fished, traded, worked in banks, or made goods.
Slaves were not a big part of the economy in the North.
Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.
ARTICLE I, SECTION 2, CLAUSE 3
The Three Fifths
The 3/5 Compromise
In plain English this means that 3/5 of all slaves would be counted towards the population and towards taxes.
So the South would get more votes, but they also had to pay more taxes.
Odd but True
Several Founding Fathers owned slaves including George Washington and Thomas Jefferson.
Bringing new slaves into the country would end in 1807.
The words "slave" or "slavery" were never used in the Constitution.
The Fugitive Slave Clause required escaped slaves to be returned to their state.