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The Road ahead
Transcript of The Road ahead
- il team di docenti di questa materia
- lo studente di questo materia
- gli obiettivi formativi
- sessioni e appelli
- la prova scritta e la prova orale
- il programma / i testi
- le lezioni
- il momento approfondimento topics
- competenze d'uscita
WHO AM I?
A RESEARCHER, A TEACHER, A WOMAN, A GIRL,
A NICE PERSON
identity emerges in interactions through several indexical processes, including:
- overt mention of identity,
- implicatures and presuppositions,
- the use of linguistic structures and systems that are ideologically associated with specific personas and groups
language and the media
rules and standards in new media: (email/text/chat)
rapidity of their usage
leave behind many of the rules of written standard E.
public as participant: members with experience of or interest in the issues / experts with knowledge
EMPHASIZE OUR GOOD PROPERTIES/ACTIONS
MITIGATE OUR BAD PROPERTIES/ACTIONS
LANGUAGE AND AGE
teen agers and young adults DO NOT share the same language and frequently the need intratranslation (stai sciallo/ti lovvo)
to see how important age labels can be, put the following in order:
intelligent woman the old
singer the teenager attractive
dishonest man young the
middle-aged the nurse kind
The Road ahead
Lingua e Traduzione Inglese I
Marianna Lya Zummo
Sant'Antonino, II piano
Language, Society and Power:
come la lingua si comporta e si adatta alla società e ai gruppi, come la lingua modifica e/o rivela rapporti di potere.
es: language and age, gender, social class, ethnicity etc.
nuovi generi, nuovi stili
es: e-mail, Twitter, Facebook, blogs etc.
NEW MEDIA DISCOURSE
- USER GENERATED CONTENT
working on contexts
do you use internet in order to get information online?
where do you go? how?
do you trust online information
do online information and opinions change your behaviour?
what do you think are the advantages and disandvantages of the Internet?
what is e-writing style?
NEW MEDIA: UTUBE, VLOG, BLOG, CHAT, FORUMS ETC
Digital technology connects people all over the world and the net has become a place for social engagement. New-media communication is characterized by user-generated content and adifferent style of communication: communication 2.0 - 3.0
WHAT IS LINGUISTICS?
what exactly is linguistics? and what a linguist do?
do you speak a lot of languages?
linguistics is the scientific study of language, and many topics are studied under this umbrella term. at the herat of linguistics is the search for language. linguists investigate how people acquire their knowledge about language, how this knowledge interacts with other cognitive processes, how it varies across speakers and geographic regions.
majoring in linguistics means that you will learn about many aspects of human language, including sounds (phonetics, phonology), words (morphology), sentences (syntax), and meaning (semantics). it can involve at how languages change over time (historical lingusitics), how language varies from situation to situation, group to group, and place to place (sociolinguistics), how people use language in context (pragmatics, discourse analysis), how people learn languages (guage acwuisition), and how people process language (psycholinguistics).
work in education;
work as a translator /interpreter/mediator;
work in the publishing industry, technical writer or journalist;
work with dictionaries;
become a consultant on lnaguage in professions such as law or medicine (forensic linguistics);
work for an advertising company;
become an actor or train actors (you may meet Leo Di Caprio and Megan Fox, who knows?)
what is language?
norms vs variables
why should we study a language?
- fight against power
- to study ideology
LINGUISTS AS SPIES:
prescriptions vs descriptions
set the norms vs observation
norms vs rules
I regret to tell yew most greephos news: M. is mort. I no that yew new him (...)
novel: Ella Minnow Pea, Dunn 2001:165
language is a rule-governed system. however linguists do no oblige people to follow the rules like in the law system. linguists point on what makes the comunication possible (see unwords).
English is widely used around the world and there are many variables.
kachru: inner/outer/expanding circle;
standard E/global E/ ESP;
variables such as: class, ethnicity, gender, age that influence the way in which language is used
LANGUAGE IS IDENTITY
IDENTITY is linked to ideology: describing a set of belief and behaviours that are thought of as natural (Rete 4 vs Mtv)
FIND EXAMPLES OF IDEOLOGICAL SQUARE IN THE NEWS COVERAGE
Point to the topic(s)
Example: give an example and explain how/why it is relevant to your point
Explanation: explain how/why your example backs up your point
1) PLAN! ask yourself a question (topic). what is your thesis? what goes against it? evidences?
2) Introduction: about the topic, grab attention, thesis sentence is the last sentence
3) Body paragraph: ideas or experiences related to the thesis. explain in details
4) conclusion(s): the last sentence in your introduction is the first in conclusion. summarize the body paragraphs. offer an evaluation
LINGUISTIC RUIN? LOL!
INSTANT MESSAGING AND TEEN LANGUAGE
age is one of the dimensions on which we construct identities for ourselves and others in society.
four life stages: young children / teenage years/
(young) adultes / elderly
words, phrases and topics most distinguishing subjects:
aged 13 to 18: tomorrow, homework, school
aged 19 to 22: semester, f*ck, classes
aged 23 to 29: at work, office, beer
aged 30 to 65: daughter, kids, son
children: talk about here and now
(that's a pupy. the puppy is in the baket. build me a tower now...+ using 'honey')
a doggie, mummy, daddy, night-night, peek-a-boo
teenagers: Do you speak Amercan?
Movies, California & Prestige
Valleygirl & Surferdude
elderspeak Adjustements: exaggerating words using a sing-song voice, tone; simplifying the lenght and the complexity of the sentence; speaking louder and slowly; limited vocabulary; repeating and paraphrasing; using statements that sound like questions
IS IT HARMFUL?
What Adults Say to Young Children
Expanding the child’s utterance
C Lookit (pointing)
A Uh-huh, it’s a fly.
A What about the fly?
C Eat. Flower.
A What’s he eating?
C mhmm, he’s eating.
Child: (points) Doggie.
Adult: No that’s a HORSIE.
Juliet: romeo u there
Romeo: yo wassup
Juliet: nothin, u?
Romeo: school sucked 2day
Juliet: heard wylander got mad at u
Romeo: what a jerk I usedd purple ink on the sci test, he got pissed he looks like jimminy cricket
Juliet: lol ␣␣
Romeo: going to nicks party
Juliet: cant im grounded