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Principles of Governance in Singapore
Transcript of Principles of Governance in Singapore
A Transparent and Participatory System
the principle of allowing people to have a say in decision-making to promote a sense of belonging for the country
In doing so, the government wants to promote a sense of belonging which will help to strengthen the social bonds of the country
Principles of Governance in Singapore
Homework - after reading prezis...
On pg. 10 of your LP, for each of the principles of governance, jot down the key ideas/ characteristics (for e.g. what it is, why the need to have it, etc)
to represent each principle
on principles of governance in the 2013 Sec 3 Common Test
'Leadership is Key'
Honest and Capable Leadership
specially selected & groomed
make right decisions, not popular decisions
moral courage and integrity (good character)
do not occur by chance, need to select and groom
talent + ability is not enough… what else?
… INCORRUPTIBILITY !
able to win the respect and confidence of citizens and foreigners
'Anticipate Change & Stay Relevant'
look ahead, plan ahead, and anticipate future challenges
be prepared for challenging times
safeguard resources for future
open to new ideas and risk-taking, and stay relevant in global world
be resilient in changing world conditions
capture growing markets
the citizens’ trust will be strengthened and they will in turn give the strong mandate to ensure good governance is continued
'Reward for Work, Work for Reward' (Meritocracy)
reward hard work and talent
encourage people to do well
helps to give everybody in society an equal opportunity to achieve their best and be rewarded for their performance
bursaries, scholarships, and $$ packages dished out to different groups of Singaporeans
surplus from good economic growth dished out to reward Singaporeans (e.g. Progress Package 2006)
This policy removes feeling of resentment or unfairness and ensures that the government is not run by incapable and incompetent leaders. With good leaders, the government is able to move Singapore forward and ensure her continued success.
a fundamental source or basis for a system of beliefs and behaviour
What are 3 key principles of my life?
Why do they matter?
[ NEWater & Desalination ]
problem of water shortage -need to find new sources of water supply to ensure self-sufficiency. As the two water agreements with Malaysia will cease in 2011 and 2061, alternative water supplies are developed using high technology. These are the NEWater and desalination plants. With this need addressed, Singapore industries would be able to progress and the people are assured of the regular supply of water.
mismanagement of funds/ resources
loss of support and respect from people
preferential treatment given to cronies
Problems of Corrupt Leadership
Former Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) chief Peter Lim who has been sentenced to six months' jail for corruptly obtaining sexual favours, began serving his sentence on 26 June.
Education institutions are open to all, regardless of whether they have the money to pay. Those who perform well are rewarded. For example, students who perform exceptionally well in their studies and co-curricular activities are rewarded. The Edusave Scholarship and Merit Bursary schemes reward the top 10% and 25% of students in schools and Institutes of Technical Education.
Ministers and civil servants selected based on merit not family affiliations, race or wealth; there is no such thing as money politics in Singapore
Under the "Scholarship policy" and "Fair Employment Practices", discrimination based on race, gender, religion or background in selection for scholarships and jobs is illegal in Singapore
All soldiers who meet educational and performance criteria have an equal chance to be considered for Officer Cadet School and be promoted
Education is open to all regardless of ability to pay everyone has an even chance to succeed
More examples of meritocracy
involving people in decision making, e.g.
most religious groups were against the IR - not the resort but the casinos
govt took feedback and set boundaries size, entry requirements, etc. for casinos
Reclamation works to convert
possibly into a military training ground was approved in 1992
environmentalists and concerned individuals wrote to the Ministry of National Development urging a rethink
Decision to defer reclamation in 2001, MND also discussed with public how best to protect marine life.
Examples of 'A Stake for Everyone, Opportunities for All'
Not providing social welfare on a large scale (no Welfare State) economic hardship for some more resources to improve the country.
Implementing ERP and COE bidding for car ownership - not popular with car owners as car prices would be higher but effective in controlling the no. of cars on road.
More examples of 'Leadership is Key'
CPF minimum sum (1980s) - to provide financially for anticipated ageing population in 21st century & promote financially independent aged
Upgrading of weapons (1970s/80s) to anticipate the emphasis on technology in warfare in 21st century & prepare for declining population size --- 3G SAF
More examples on 'Anticipate Change and Stay Relevant'