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Biomes

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by

Sela Brown

on 2 April 2013

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Transcript of Biomes

Biomes By: Emma, Paige, and Sela Temperate Deciduous Forests Temperate
Grasslands Taiga Tropical
Rainforest *Flora:
American Beech
Carpet Moss
Common Lime
Guelder Rose
Lady Fern
Northern Arrowwood
Pecan
Shagbark Hickory
Tawny Milksap Mushroom
White Birch
White Oak *Fauna:
American Bald Eagle
American Black Bear
Coyote
Duckbill Platypus
Eastern Chipmunk
European Red Squirrel
Fat Dormouse
Least Weasel
White-tailed Deer *deciduous means to fall off Yearly rainfall: * 75- 125 cm ( 29.5- 49 in) Average temp.
* summer: 28 Celsius
* winter: 6 Celsius *deciduous trees shed leaves to save water during the winter or dry season *deciduous forests there are five different zones * Yearly Rainfall:
35-75 cm (14-29.5 in) * Average Temperature
summer: 14 Celsius (57 Fahrenheit)
winter: -10 Celsius (14 Fahrenheit) Flora:
Balsam Fir
Black Spruce
Douglas-fir
Eastern Red Cedar
Jack Pine
Paper Birch
Siberian Spruce
White Fir
White Poplar
White Spruce Fauna:
American Black Bear
Bald Eagle
Bobcat
Canadian Lynx
Gray Wolf
Grizzly Bear
Long-Eared Owl
Red Fox
River Otter
Snowshoe Rabbit
Wolverine Facts *most trees are conifers *produce seeds in cone shapes *leaves are like needles *Coniferous forests cover many mountains in many parts of the world. * coniferous forests
Boereal Forest * soil * streams/rivers Flora:
Bengal Bamboo
Bougainvillea
Curare
Coconut Tree
Durian
Jambu
Kapok Tree
Mangrove Forests
Strangler Figs
Tualang *Fauna
Africa Forest Elephant
Bengal Tiger
Chimpanzee
Common Palm Civet or Musang
Dawn Bat
Golden Lion Tamarin
Harpy Eagle
Jambu Fruit Dove
King Cobra
Kinkajou
Linn's Sloth
Orangutan
Proboscis Monkey
Red-shanked Douc Langur
Silvery Gibbon
Slender Loris
Sumatran Rhinoceros
Toco Toucan
Vampire Bat
Wagler's Pit Viper *Yearly Rain Fall:
400 cm (157.5 in) *Average Temperature:
Day: 34 Celsius (93 Fahrenheit)
Night: 20 Celsius (68 Fahrenheit) Abiotic *soil Facts *more biological diversity than any other places on Earth *100 different kinds of trees may grow in an area about 1/4 the size of a football field *woody vines climb the tree trunks to reach sunlight Abiotic Abiotic *average temperature
summer: 30 Celsius (86 Fahrenheit)
winter: 0 Celsius (32 Fahrenheit) *average rainfall
25-75 cm (10-29.5 in) Flora:
grasses
flowering plants
few trees
shrubs
herbs
sunflowers
asters
clover
wild indigo Fauna:
coyotes
mice
prairie dogs
bison
eagles
bobcats
wild turkey
geese
crickets *soil Interesting Facts *the grasses can survive fires because they grow from the bottom and not the top *When the settlers crossed the Mississippi River they came into some very tall grass, some as high as 11 feet. *soil of most grasslands is too thin and dry for trees to survive. Savannas Deserts Abiotic *Average Temperature:
winter: 20° - 25° C(68° to 78° F) *Rainfall:
100 to 150 cm (10 to 30 in) *soil Flora:
Acacia Senegal
Baobab
Bermuda Grass
Candelabra Tree
Elephant Grass
Gum Tree Eucalyptus
Jackalberry Tree
Jarrah tree
Kangaroo Paw
Manketti Tree
River Bushwillow
Umbrella Thorn Acacia
Whistling Thorn Fauna:
African Elephant
African Wild Dog
Black Mamba
Caracal
Chacma Baboon
Egyptian Mongoose
Emu
Grant's Zebra
Koala Bear
Lion
Nigriceps Ants
Nile Crocodile Facts *Not enough rain falls in Savannas to support forests. *There are different types of savannas in the world. *Most animals on the savanna have long legs or wings to be able to go on long migrations. Abiotic *Average temperature:
Summer: 38ºC (100ºF)
winter: 7ºC (45ºF) *Average Rainfall:
25 cm (10 in) *soil *sand Flora:
Barrel Cactus
Brittle Bush
Chainfruit Cholla
Creosote Bush
Crimson Hedgehog Cactus
Desert Ironwood
Joshua Tree
Jumping Cholla
Mojave Aster
Ocotillo
Palo Verde
Pancake Prickly Pear Cactus
Saguaro Cactus
Soaptree Yucca
Triangle-leaf Bursage Fauna:
Armadillo Lizard
Banded Gila Monster
Bobcat
Cactus Wren
Coyote
Desert Bighorn Sheep
Desert Kangaroo Rat
Desert Tortoise
Javelina
Cactus Ferruginoug Pygmy Owl
Sonoran Desert Toad
Sonoran Pronghorn Antelope
Thorny Devil Facts *Don't have very many plants. *Can be hot or cold. *Deserts cover about one fifth of the Earth's land surface. * Most of the hot and dry deserts are near the Tropic of Cancer or the Tropic of Capricorn. Polar
Tundra Abiotic *Average temperature:
Summer 12ºC (54ºF)
winter −26ºC (−15ºF) *Average Rainfall:
30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in.) *soil Flora:
Arctic Moss
Arctic Willow
Bearberry
Caribou Moss
Diamond-leaf Willow
Labrador Tea
Pasque Flower
Tufted Saxifrage Fauna:
Arctic Fox
Caribou
Ermine
Grizzly Bear
Harlequin Duck
Musk Ox
Polar Bear
Snowy Owl Facts *Tundra comes from the Finnish word "tunturia", that means a barren land. *There are barely any vegetation in the biome tundra. Only about 1,700 different of plant species, which isn't very much. *there isn't a lot of biodiversity in the biome tundra
*48 species of land animals are found in tundra Alpine Tundra Abiotic *Average Temperature:
Summer: 12ºC (54ºF)
Winter: −26ºC (−15ºF) *Average Rainfall:
30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in.) *soil Flora:
Alpine Phacelia
Bear Grass
Bristlecone Pine
Moss Campion
Polylepis Forest
Pygmy
Bitterroot
Wild Potato Fauna:
Alpaca
Andean Condor
Chinchilla
Llama
Mountain Goat
Snow Leopard
Vicuña
Yak Facts *Found in the mountain regions all
around the world. *It lies just below the snow line of a mountain *The animals have to deal with two
problems, the cold and too much high UV wavelengths. Polar Ice Marine:Intertidal Zone Abiotic *Average Temperature:
depemds where the ocean is, can be freezing or burning hot Neritic Zone Abiotic Facts Oceanic Zone Benthic
Zone Abiotic Facts Abiotic Facts Flora:
Some areas
algae may
grow in snow
and give it a
pinkish color. Fauna:
polar bears
Harbor Seals
Beluga Whales
penguins
killer whales Abiotic facts *there are ice caps on other planets
*both of our ice caps are currently shrinking
*arctic and Antarctic are large areas were polar ice cap biomes are found *temperature extremes, variable sunlight with seasons, drifting ice,
*precipitation,
currents, wind directions and speed,
depth and extent of permafrost, flora:
coral
sea grasses Fauna:
sea anemone
Bivalves
Black-Faced Blenny
Brittle star
Clam
Crab
fiddler crab
hermit crab
horseshoe crab facts
*Much of this inhospitable environment is washed by the tides each day
*organisms that live here are adapted to huge daily changes in moisture, temperhe area of the sea floor that lies between the high and low tide marks, bridging the gap between land and sea.inity.
*The intertidal zone (or littoral zone) is the area of the sea floor that lies between the high and low tide marks, bridging the gap between land and sea.
*The intertidal zone can be subdivided into the high tide zone and the low tide zone flora:
coral reef
sea anomane
plankton
keelp
bacteria
sea weed
sponges fauna:
fish
tuna
Butterfly fish
angel fish
Eel
sea turtle
potato grouper
dolphins
sea stars *The neritic zone is the top 200 meters (656 feet) of the ocean and and it includes the entire seashore and the majority of the ocean shelf.
* large variety of animals and plants that lives in this zone
*Most autotrophic life is found in the neritic zone
Has stable water temputure
*Extends to 200 meters, 660 feet
Receives lots of sunlight
*Out of all the zones, the neritic zone has the most productivity flora:
Seaweed
Algae
Dark Star
Sea-Cactus
Fungal Blooms
Ocean Lilly
Cimarron
Yorma Bulb
Red Tide fauna: baracuda
whale
squid
dolphin
swordfish
shark *oceanic zone is where the sea floor drops sharply
*this part contains deep water from the open ocean
*some animals in this zone live in very deep waters
*often get food from material that sinks down from above *this zone is the ocean floor
*this part doesn't get any sunlight
*this area is very very cold
*thermal vents form at cracks in the earth crust
*some animals get there food by materials that sink from above
*The terms benthic and benthos are derived from the Greek for "depths of the sea" flora: fauna:
ground fish
flounder halibut,
plaice,
sole
turbot
Rays
skates
worms
crabs algae
sea grasses
giant kelp *Sunlight *Depth *Rocks krill
limpet
oyster
purple sea urchin
sea star
sea urchin
shrimp
snail
starfish
whelk
zooplankton *Sand *Water *Water *Temperature:
Water is warm and recieves a
lot of sunlight *Sand *water * very cold recieves no sunlight *sand * no precipitation it is in the ocean *water
*sand
* recives no sunlight *thermal vents Estuaries Aboitic freshwater/saltwater flora:
Gardena Fauna:
Shore birds
fish
crabs
lobsters
marine mammals clams
shellfish
marine worms
sea birds
reptiles *The mixed water is called brackish, and the salinity may fluctuate dramatically
*Estuary areas include river mouths, bays, lagoons and salt marshes.
*Estuaries are not restricted to a certain climate region.
*Two major problems for organisms living in an estuary are fluctuations in salt concentration and sedimentation.
*The lighter fresh river water moves over the top of the heavier seawater.
*Depending on the amount of influence from freshwater and marine inputs and the circulation of water, different estuaries are divided up into different categories
*Estuaries act as natural buffers between the land and the ocean. Zuleus
salt grass
alkali heath *water
*soil
* winds
*storms
*mud
* sand
*waves fresh water :
streams and rivers Facts *There are over 3.5 million miles of rivers and streams in the U.S.
*Understanding all of the conditions of river and streams is important if we are to develop effective plans to maintain, manage, and restore them.
*All rivers and streams start at some high point.
*Eventually all this water from rivers and streams will run into the ocean or an inland body of water like a lake.
*Water from some source like a spring, snow melt or a lake starts at this high point and begins to flow down to lower points.
* rivers only make up only about 0.2 percent of all the fresh water on Earth flora:
algae
mosses
cattails
lily pads
seaweed Fauna:
hellbenders
muskrat
river cooters
catfish
turtle
bass
crayfish rocks
air
temperature
water
soil
sand
dirt.
Temperature is cooler at the source
than it is at the mouth. aboitic Freshwater:
ponds and lakes facts *These regions range in size from just a few square meters to thousands of square kilometers.
* Lakes can range in size from small ponds to huge bodies of water such the Great Lakes in the U.S.
*Some lakes are the source for some rivers.
*Since both rivers and lakes are freshwater and flow in and out of each other, they share similar characteristics and many species reside in both habitats. Aboitic *During the summer, the temperature can range from 4° C near the bottom to
22° C at the top.
During the winter, the temperature at
the bottom can be 4° C while
the top is 0° C (ice).
*water
*soil
*rocks flora:
duckweed
cattails
water lilies
green algae
plant plankton Fauna:
ducks
snakes
clams
frogs
snails wetlands: marsh facts *Plant species adapted to the very moist and humid conditions are called hydrophytes.
*Marsh flora also include such species as cypress and gum.
*You will find them in many low lying areas.
*They help to prevent flooding in many locations as they are able to take on excess water from the other sources.
*It is common for them to be very close to lakes, rivers, and streams. flora:
pond lilies cattails tamarack blue spruce Fauna:
aligators
crocidiles
Beavers
minks
rats
fur bearing creatures
bald eagle
bobcat abiotic *Water
*air
*rocks
*soil
*peat
*plant litter.
*about 59 inches (150 centimeters)per year.
*temperatures are not extreme. wetlands:
swamps Bibliography *Enchanted Learning
*Portaportal
*About.com
*Students.cis.vab.edu
*Ehow.com
*Biome7wetpaint.com
*Holt Online tTextbook
*Library.thinkquest.org
*Brighthub.com
*Nature Works
*Untamed Science
*Bioexpedition capybaracommon
egret
copepod
coypu
crane
crayfish
deer
downy
woodpecker
dragonfly
great blue heron Abiotic *temperature: *rainfall: *Water *Soil Flora:
Willow trees
Bald Trees
Cypress Trees
Oak Trees
Poison Ivy
Orchids Fauna:
Fish
Snakes
Birds
Aligator
American Crocodile
Frogs
Anaconda
Blue Herrons
Turtles Facts *In low-rising areas and by slow moving rivers *Most are flooded *Some are covered by shrubs *Swamps can be divided into two parts, depending on the type of plants present: shrub swamps, and forested swamps. *Swamps are in moist climates Facts Abiotic *soil *Water *Rocks *Rain *Water *Rocks *Water *Very little water *Sunlight *Snow *sunlight *Sunlight *Water Abiotic
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