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Transcript of Biomes
Grasslands Taiga Tropical
Tawny Milksap Mushroom
White Oak *Fauna:
American Bald Eagle
American Black Bear
European Red Squirrel
White-tailed Deer *deciduous means to fall off Yearly rainfall: * 75- 125 cm ( 29.5- 49 in) Average temp.
* summer: 28 Celsius
* winter: 6 Celsius *deciduous trees shed leaves to save water during the winter or dry season *deciduous forests there are five different zones * Yearly Rainfall:
35-75 cm (14-29.5 in) * Average Temperature
summer: 14 Celsius (57 Fahrenheit)
winter: -10 Celsius (14 Fahrenheit) Flora:
Eastern Red Cedar
White Spruce Fauna:
American Black Bear
Wolverine Facts *most trees are conifers *produce seeds in cone shapes *leaves are like needles *Coniferous forests cover many mountains in many parts of the world. * coniferous forests
Boereal Forest * soil * streams/rivers Flora:
Africa Forest Elephant
Common Palm Civet or Musang
Golden Lion Tamarin
Jambu Fruit Dove
Red-shanked Douc Langur
Wagler's Pit Viper *Yearly Rain Fall:
400 cm (157.5 in) *Average Temperature:
Day: 34 Celsius (93 Fahrenheit)
Night: 20 Celsius (68 Fahrenheit) Abiotic *soil Facts *more biological diversity than any other places on Earth *100 different kinds of trees may grow in an area about 1/4 the size of a football field *woody vines climb the tree trunks to reach sunlight Abiotic Abiotic *average temperature
summer: 30 Celsius (86 Fahrenheit)
winter: 0 Celsius (32 Fahrenheit) *average rainfall
25-75 cm (10-29.5 in) Flora:
wild indigo Fauna:
crickets *soil Interesting Facts *the grasses can survive fires because they grow from the bottom and not the top *When the settlers crossed the Mississippi River they came into some very tall grass, some as high as 11 feet. *soil of most grasslands is too thin and dry for trees to survive. Savannas Deserts Abiotic *Average Temperature:
winter: 20° - 25° C(68° to 78° F) *Rainfall:
100 to 150 cm (10 to 30 in) *soil Flora:
Gum Tree Eucalyptus
Umbrella Thorn Acacia
Whistling Thorn Fauna:
African Wild Dog
Nile Crocodile Facts *Not enough rain falls in Savannas to support forests. *There are different types of savannas in the world. *Most animals on the savanna have long legs or wings to be able to go on long migrations. Abiotic *Average temperature:
Summer: 38ºC (100ºF)
winter: 7ºC (45ºF) *Average Rainfall:
25 cm (10 in) *soil *sand Flora:
Crimson Hedgehog Cactus
Pancake Prickly Pear Cactus
Triangle-leaf Bursage Fauna:
Banded Gila Monster
Desert Bighorn Sheep
Desert Kangaroo Rat
Cactus Ferruginoug Pygmy Owl
Sonoran Desert Toad
Sonoran Pronghorn Antelope
Thorny Devil Facts *Don't have very many plants. *Can be hot or cold. *Deserts cover about one fifth of the Earth's land surface. * Most of the hot and dry deserts are near the Tropic of Cancer or the Tropic of Capricorn. Polar
Tundra Abiotic *Average temperature:
Summer 12ºC (54ºF)
winter −26ºC (−15ºF) *Average Rainfall:
30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in.) *soil Flora:
Tufted Saxifrage Fauna:
Snowy Owl Facts *Tundra comes from the Finnish word "tunturia", that means a barren land. *There are barely any vegetation in the biome tundra. Only about 1,700 different of plant species, which isn't very much. *there isn't a lot of biodiversity in the biome tundra
*48 species of land animals are found in tundra Alpine Tundra Abiotic *Average Temperature:
Summer: 12ºC (54ºF)
Winter: −26ºC (−15ºF) *Average Rainfall:
30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in.) *soil Flora:
Wild Potato Fauna:
Yak Facts *Found in the mountain regions all
around the world. *It lies just below the snow line of a mountain *The animals have to deal with two
problems, the cold and too much high UV wavelengths. Polar Ice Marine:Intertidal Zone Abiotic *Average Temperature:
depemds where the ocean is, can be freezing or burning hot Neritic Zone Abiotic Facts Oceanic Zone Benthic
Zone Abiotic Facts Abiotic Facts Flora:
grow in snow
and give it a
pinkish color. Fauna:
killer whales Abiotic facts *there are ice caps on other planets
*both of our ice caps are currently shrinking
*arctic and Antarctic are large areas were polar ice cap biomes are found *temperature extremes, variable sunlight with seasons, drifting ice,
currents, wind directions and speed,
depth and extent of permafrost, flora:
sea grasses Fauna:
horseshoe crab facts
*Much of this inhospitable environment is washed by the tides each day
*organisms that live here are adapted to huge daily changes in moisture, temperhe area of the sea floor that lies between the high and low tide marks, bridging the gap between land and sea.inity.
*The intertidal zone (or littoral zone) is the area of the sea floor that lies between the high and low tide marks, bridging the gap between land and sea.
*The intertidal zone can be subdivided into the high tide zone and the low tide zone flora:
sea stars *The neritic zone is the top 200 meters (656 feet) of the ocean and and it includes the entire seashore and the majority of the ocean shelf.
* large variety of animals and plants that lives in this zone
*Most autotrophic life is found in the neritic zone
Has stable water temputure
*Extends to 200 meters, 660 feet
Receives lots of sunlight
*Out of all the zones, the neritic zone has the most productivity flora:
Red Tide fauna: baracuda
shark *oceanic zone is where the sea floor drops sharply
*this part contains deep water from the open ocean
*some animals in this zone live in very deep waters
*often get food from material that sinks down from above *this zone is the ocean floor
*this part doesn't get any sunlight
*this area is very very cold
*thermal vents form at cracks in the earth crust
*some animals get there food by materials that sink from above
*The terms benthic and benthos are derived from the Greek for "depths of the sea" flora: fauna:
giant kelp *Sunlight *Depth *Rocks krill
purple sea urchin
zooplankton *Sand *Water *Water *Temperature:
Water is warm and recieves a
lot of sunlight *Sand *water * very cold recieves no sunlight *sand * no precipitation it is in the ocean *water
* recives no sunlight *thermal vents Estuaries Aboitic freshwater/saltwater flora:
marine mammals clams
reptiles *The mixed water is called brackish, and the salinity may fluctuate dramatically
*Estuary areas include river mouths, bays, lagoons and salt marshes.
*Estuaries are not restricted to a certain climate region.
*Two major problems for organisms living in an estuary are fluctuations in salt concentration and sedimentation.
*The lighter fresh river water moves over the top of the heavier seawater.
*Depending on the amount of influence from freshwater and marine inputs and the circulation of water, different estuaries are divided up into different categories
*Estuaries act as natural buffers between the land and the ocean. Zuleus
alkali heath *water
*waves fresh water :
streams and rivers Facts *There are over 3.5 million miles of rivers and streams in the U.S.
*Understanding all of the conditions of river and streams is important if we are to develop effective plans to maintain, manage, and restore them.
*All rivers and streams start at some high point.
*Eventually all this water from rivers and streams will run into the ocean or an inland body of water like a lake.
*Water from some source like a spring, snow melt or a lake starts at this high point and begins to flow down to lower points.
* rivers only make up only about 0.2 percent of all the fresh water on Earth flora:
Temperature is cooler at the source
than it is at the mouth. aboitic Freshwater:
ponds and lakes facts *These regions range in size from just a few square meters to thousands of square kilometers.
* Lakes can range in size from small ponds to huge bodies of water such the Great Lakes in the U.S.
*Some lakes are the source for some rivers.
*Since both rivers and lakes are freshwater and flow in and out of each other, they share similar characteristics and many species reside in both habitats. Aboitic *During the summer, the temperature can range from 4° C near the bottom to
22° C at the top.
During the winter, the temperature at
the bottom can be 4° C while
the top is 0° C (ice).
plant plankton Fauna:
snails wetlands: marsh facts *Plant species adapted to the very moist and humid conditions are called hydrophytes.
*Marsh flora also include such species as cypress and gum.
*You will find them in many low lying areas.
*They help to prevent flooding in many locations as they are able to take on excess water from the other sources.
*It is common for them to be very close to lakes, rivers, and streams. flora:
pond lilies cattails tamarack blue spruce Fauna:
fur bearing creatures
bobcat abiotic *Water
*about 59 inches (150 centimeters)per year.
*temperatures are not extreme. wetlands:
swamps Bibliography *Enchanted Learning
*Holt Online tTextbook
great blue heron Abiotic *temperature: *rainfall: *Water *Soil Flora:
Turtles Facts *In low-rising areas and by slow moving rivers *Most are flooded *Some are covered by shrubs *Swamps can be divided into two parts, depending on the type of plants present: shrub swamps, and forested swamps. *Swamps are in moist climates Facts Abiotic *soil *Water *Rocks *Rain *Water *Rocks *Water *Very little water *Sunlight *Snow *sunlight *Sunlight *Water Abiotic