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The Arts of The Elizabethan Era

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Ian Roberts

on 10 February 2014

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Transcript of The Arts of The Elizabethan Era

The Arts of The Elizabethan Era
Art, Music, and Architecture
By; Ian Roberts, Skylar Sweany, and Brandon Williamson
Music, Instruments, and Composers
A brief overview of the Music of the Elizabethan Era.
Architecture and the Architects
A brief look at what the world looked like from the 1550's to the 1650's
Where it all started
Between the years of 1514 and 1528, the look and style of buildings began to change from a Gothic, pointed style to the more symmetrical and plain style we call the Renaissance style. This style was first truly seen in Hampton Court which was created by the architect Cardinal Wolsey.
Houses of the Upper-Class
Generally, the houses of the upper-class were made of stone or expensive bricks. Some upper-class people had huge columns framing the entrances to their house. One such house that used these large columns was Hardwick Hall built by Bess of Hardwick.
Popular Styles
- Most music was about religion, mainly Catholicism
- Consort music - Music written for a group of similar instruments like a string quartet

William Byrd
-An English composer that is the most famous from that period.
- Wrote many different types of music famous at the time.
- Was Anglican than later converted to Roman Catholicism which inspired his religion based music.
Nicholas Hillard
One of the queen's favorite artists

Inspired by a German artist, Hans Holbein

One of the very few artists to paint common every day people and the Queen
Pop Art, Oil Paintings, Miniatures
Popular types of art in the Elizabethan Era
Art and Artists
Queen Elizabeth's one of many pictures

Almost no paintings of her as a young woman exist
Portrait of a Young Man
One of Nicholas Hillard's most
famous paintings
Marcus Gheeraerts
Another one of the Queen's favorite's
'Probably Robert Devereux'
Another of Nicholas Hillard's most
famous paintings
Second Earl of Essex
Houses of the Lower-Class
The houses of the average or lower-class citizen were usually made of timber and wattle and were often called "tudor" houses. The houses were a lot less elaborate compared to the houses of the upper-class because the lower-class citizens could not afford fancy columns or expensive bricks.
Architects of the Elizabethan Era
There are many famous architects of the Elizabethan Era. Some of the more famous of them all include Cardinal Wolsey, Bess of Hardwick, and Inigo Jones. They are all famous because of their work and life stories. Cardinal Wolsey is known for his work on Hampton Court and the start of the new era of art. Bess of Hardwick is known for Hardwick hall and the fact that she grew up poor and became the second most powerful woman in England next to Queen Elizabeth. Inigo Jones is known for his work on the Queens house in 1616 and his work in stage design.
- William Byrd was the most famous and well known. Mainly wrote Religious music

- John Bull played the keyboard and used that as a medium to write his pieces. He also built organs. thought that was cool I guess.
Popular Instruments
Stringed Instruments
- Violin -
- Viol -
- Lute -
- The Dulcimer -
- The Viol (Like a cello)
- Cittern (Similar to a guitar)
- Chittarone (a 6' tall lute)
More Popular Instruments
Wind Instruments
- The Pipe
- The Shawm (reeded with vent holes)
- Recorder
- The Bagpipe
- The Crumhorn (curved and double reeded)
- The Gemsorn (similar to a flute)
- The Lizzard (a s-shaped horn)
- The Hautboy (similar to an oboe)
- The Sackbutt (similar to the trombone)
- The Harp
- The Rebec (an early violin)
- The Psaltery (Harp Guitar)
- The Hurdy-gurdy (the bow was replaced by strings attached to a wheel which was cranked by a handle)
Other Instruments
- The keyboard
- The Harpsichord
- The Organ
Full transcript