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2014/15 Design History Revision Prezi
Transcript of 2014/15 Design History Revision Prezi
2014/15 Design History Revision Prezi
Arts and Crafts
Bauhaus - Modernisim
Modernist architects and designers reject the old style of designing. Instead they celebrate new technology, mechanised industry and new materials. They prefer to emphasise the materials used and the pure geometrical forms. French architect Le Corbusier thought that buildings should function as ''machines for living in''. This created high-rise blocks of flats with repetitive 'cubes' as living space. ''less is more''.
Art Nouveau or "New Art" was an international style of decoration and architecture that developed in the late 19Th Century.
The Arts & Crafts movement grew out of concern for the effects of industrialisation upon design, traditional craftsmenship and the lives of the ordinary 'working class' people. Although the technical advances bought about new processes, the design of mass-produced products was often overlooked. therefore, poor-quality, over-decorated and oversized furniture were being produced. This type of furniture was inappropriate for ordinary people who required simple and inexpensive products.
What is streamlining
The term post modernism was used to criticize the functionalism of the modern movement
After the defeat in world war 1 the german economy was in tatters. A new school of art and design was opened in waimar to help rebuild the country and form a new social order. Walter Gropius was appointed to head and named it the Bauhaus meaning 'house of building'.
The Bauhaus was used for a range of different productive workshops which helped students train and work with the industry.
The Bauhaus contained carpenters workshops. metal workshops, pottery, glass, mural painting, weaving, printing and wood and stone sculpting.
The Bauhaus was aborted before the start of World War ll when Hitler and the Nazi party rose to power.
Streamlining is the shape of an object, such as an aircraft body or wing, to reduce the amount of drag or resistance to motion through a stream of air.
Does not properly include the current contemporary design styles.
'Form follows function'.
'Products of a machine age'.
'Everyday objects for everyday people'.
Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a very influential Scottish designer working in the Art Nouveau. Some of his work uses many of the distinctive characteristics of Art Nouveau. E.g. Natural and organic forms, Influences from other cultures, myths and the spirit world. His specific style included the unification of architectural elements furnishings and decorations, all of which created highly aesthetic yet practical, domestic and commercial environments.
Mackintosh was interested in architecture at an early age, when he was 16 he became an apprentice to a Glasgow architect while also studying at Glasgow School of Art. It was there that he met the and became part of the "Glasgow Four" and his future wife, Margaret Macdonald.
Charles Rennie Mackintosh designs were highly influential to other designers across Europe during the Art Nouveau period, and some of his ideas and designs were built. He entered one of his designs "House for an Art Lover" entered an international competition in 1901, unfortunately it was disqualified for being a late entry, but the design was highly praised.
Geometric forms - Popular themes in Art Deco were trapezoidal, zig zagged, geometric fan motifs.
Primitive arts - The simplified sculptural forms of African, Egyptian and Aztec Mexican art and architecture influenced inessential detail.
Machine age - Celebrates the machine age through the use of man made materials (aluminium, glass and stainless steel) symmetry and repetition.
Humor & Personality
The teardrop shape is inspired by the sleek, efficient forms of aeroplanes and fish with the round end being the front.
Simplicity: interiors were visually simplistic by removing clutter and including proportioned furniture. Furniture was 'humbly' constructed with minimal ornate decoration.
Splendor: Designers often experimented with different materials and new techniques in artistic ways. Small artifacts were produced working with unusual materials and precious metals.
Nature: Plants, birds and animal forms were used as inspiration. Use of symbolism was used in designs.
Colour & texture: Used to provide unity and focus. The link between colour and nature was close in the Arts & Crafts movement. Designers preferred natural materials eg. stone & wood. Rich materials tented to be in small areas.
Glasgow School of Art
Science fiction provided optimism for a new and better future of designs following sleek rocket ships and atomic designs.
Philippe Starck (1949-)
Post Modernism is a late 20th-century style and concept in the arts, architecture, and criticism, which represents a departure from modernism.
It is characterized by the use of earlier styles and conventions, using a mixture of different artistic styles and media, and a general distrust of theories.
Philippe Starck is a French designer who has become widely known since the start of his career in the 1980s for his interior, product, industrial and architectural design work.
Examples of Arts & Crafts designs
William Morris was a poet, writer, designer and innovator in the arts and crafts movement, but above all, he was a socialist.
At university, Morris was influenced by art critic, John Ruskin, who praised the art of medieval craftsmen, whom he believed were free to express their creative individualism.
After he graduated from Oxford he had chosen to start redecorating and refurbishing his newly acquired Red House, Bexleyheath, Kent. At the same time he set up a company called Morris, Marshall, Faulkner and Co.
William Morris' designs
Charles Rennie Mackintosh