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Transcript of Renaissance
About 1450, European scholars became more interested in studying the world around them. Their art became more true to life. They began to explore new lands. The new age in Europe was eventually called "the Renaissance." Renaissance is a French word that means "rebirth." Historians consider the Renaissance to be the beginning of modern history.
The Renaissance began in northern Italy and then spread through Europe. Italian cities such as Naples, Genoa, and Venice became centers of trade between Europe and the Middle East. Arab scholars preserved the writings of the ancient Greeks in their libraries. When the Italian cities traded with the Arabs, ideas were exchanged along with goods. These ideas, preserved from the ancient past, served as the basis of the Renaissance.
The Renaissance was much more than simply studying the work of ancient scholars. It influenced painting, sculpture, and architecture. Paintings became more realistic and focused less often on religious topics. Rich families became patrons and commissioned great art. Artists advanced the Renaissance style of showing nature and depicting the feelings of people. In Britain, there was a flowering in literature and drama that included the plays of William Shakespeare.
People began to think more freely. They did not just look to the church for answers. Although religion was still extremely important in European life, the Renaissance was more secualr, that is, focused on this world. There was more emphasis on achievements of individuals ranther than the focus of glorifying God, this was called humanism.
The Renaissance patrons wanted art that showed joy in human beauty and life's pleasures. Renaissance art is more lifelike than the art of the Middle Ages. Renaissance artists studied perspective, or the differences in the way things look when they are close to something or far away. The Renaissance artists painted in a way that showed these differences. As a result, their paintings seem to have depth
The rebirth of the Italian cities attracted visitors from all over western Europe. Merchants and bankers hoped to make their fortunes in the Italian city-states. Artists and students sought knowledge and fame. When these travelers returned home, they brought Renaissance ideas with them. In time, the ideas of the Renaissance influenced people far from the Italian peninsula
Leonardo da Vinci- became famous as a painter , architect, inventor, and engineer; painter of both Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.
Leonardo Da Vinci began painting the Mona Lisa around 1503 in Florence, Italy
He is thought to have continued to work on Mona Lisa for three years after he moved to France and finally finished it shortly before he died in 1519
There has been much speculation regarding the painting's model and landscape. For example, that Leonardo probably painted his model faithfully since her beauty is not seen as being among the best.
Mona Lisa is named for Lisa del Giocondo, a wife of a wealthy Florentine silk merchant.
What or who do you think this is a picture of?
Mona Lisa or da Vinci?
Sculptor and painter, famous for works such as the Sistine Chapel, and the statue David, and the design of the dome of St. Peter's Cathedral
Under the patronage of Pope Julius II, Michelangelo painted 12,000 sq ft of the chapel ceiling between 1508 and 1512. He orginally did not like the idea, he believed his work only served the Pope's need for fame. However, today the ceiling, and especially The Last Judgment, is widely believed to be Michelangelo's crowning achievement in painting.
Michelangelo painted nine stories from the Book of Genesis. He was originally asked to paint only 12 figures, the Apostles. He turned down the offer because he saw himself as a sculptor, not a painter. The Pope offered to allow Michelangelo to paint biblical scenes of his own choice as a compromise. After the work was finished, there were more than 300. His figures showed the creation, Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, and the Great Flood.
Christian art depicting the Virgin Mary cradling the dead body of Jesus
A famous painter of both classical and religous subjects and an accomplished architect.
The School of Athens
In the center of the fresco, at its architecture's central vanishing point, are the two main subjects: Plato on the left and Aristotle, his student, on the right.
What made the Renaissance Possible?
Leonardo da Vinci
Black Death: Caused decrease in population, which allowed over production of food, which allowed farmers to profit.
Italy broken into city-states caused an increase in trade with Asia and other Islamic empires.
City-states like Venice have access to seas for trade, built economy around trade. Great shipbuilders/ aided in trade.
Milan based its economy on agriculture, silk and weapons, which allowed for Renaissance to grow.
Florence based its economy on banking and cloth industry.
"The School of Athens"
Painter, Architect, Engineer, Inventor, Musician
"Last Supper", "Mona Lisa"
St. Peter's Basilica
Painter, sculptor, architect, poet
Sistine Chapel, Pieta, "David"