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Macbeth: Act 4, Scene 1
Transcript of Macbeth: Act 4, Scene 1
- 1st apparation, an armoured head to represent Macbeths severed head.
- 2nd apparation, a bloody child to signify that the Macduff was not born from a woman, he was taken from her stomach.
- 3rd apparation, A crown child holding a branch to state that Malcolm will become king and that the Birnam Woods will move. Key Passages 'Double double, toil and trouble' (Shakespeare, 169)
- The double meanings for the witches predictions and the problems they are causing.
' beware Macduff; Beware the thane of Fife.' (173)
-The first apparition warning Macbeth of his death by Macduff.
'The power of man, for none of woman born shall harm Macbeth.'(173)
-The second apparition telling Macbeth that Macduff is not born the traditional way
'Macbeth shall never be vanquish'd be until Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill shall come against him.'
-The third apparition expalining the movement of the woods to rise up and take over the castle. Character & Relationship Development Along with Macbeths relationship with the witches, his relationship with his people are further tested when he demands that his soldiers travel to Macduff’s castle and slain everyone who has a tie to Macduff. This terrible deed is the result of Macbeth’s mental imbalance which has been caused by his relationship with the 3 witches. With Macbeth determined to save his crown and remain as king; it creates an unholy relationship between Macduff and Macbeth. Character & Relationship Development As Macbeth’s paranoia of losing his power increases, he returns to the witches to demand that they reveal his prophecies and answer his questions. This desperation for answers requires Macbeth to fully trust the witches, creating an imbalance relationship between the two parties. This relationship is further put to the test when the witches relay Macbeth’s prophecy through multiple apparitions. The sneaky ways of the witches cause Macbeth to obtain an unbearable desire to control and change his future. This obsession with control leads him to have greater conflict amongst himself. He is driven to insanity which leads to greater division between Macbeth and his followers. Theme Development Paranoia
Macbeths anxiety has forced him to turn to unnatural forces to learn who could possibly be his downfall
The witches make a potion and summon spirits that, once Macbeth has drank said potion, give him glimpses into the future, which causes Macbeth to go insane. Macbeth: Act 4, Scene 2 Significance Key Passages
The relationship between Macduff and his wife diminishes when Macduff flees the country, leaving his family alone and unprotected. The disappearance of Macduff results in Lady Macduff feeling betrayed. Lady Macduff tells her son that Macduff is dead in hopes that he will not think of his father as a traitor. This dreadful feeling of abandonment is magnified by the ambush of Macbeth’s men. Lady Macduff and her son die knowing that Macbeth was the cause of this act. The hatred between the two families is intensified due to Macbeth's fear that Macduff will defeat him as seen in the witches’ prophecy. Macbeth's uncertainty and confusion lead his people to question his well being and whether or not he is capable of ruling the country. With Macbeth’s desperation for power increasing and his unstable mental state, his relationship with his kingdom and the Macduff family crumbles; leading to even greater destruction of the peaceful country Scotland. Character and Relationship Development Works Sited - This scene was to invoke an emotional response from the audience. The love shared between mother and son, just before reaching their untimely death.
- This scene outlined the change from Macbeth being an empathetic hero, to an out of control villain.
-This was the most innocent death, seeing as neither of the victims were considered to be obstacles in Macbeths way to power.
-Creates a build up for the final scene so the audience cheers in Macduffs favour. 'Our Fears do make us traitors'(183)
- Lady Macduff is scared that Macbeth will kill her husband, even though the have not betrayed him. She thinks that Macbeth only made them traitors in his mind.
'Things at the worst before will cease, or else climb upward to what they were before.'(183)
- Foreshadowing by saying things cannot get any worse than they moments before Lady Macduffs death. Macbeth's worries of being dethroned have escalated to an all time high so he seeks out the witches to find answers. He is visited by three aparations each one bearing a prophesy. It is revealed to Macbeth that Macduff is the only threat to him and that he will fall only when the Birnam woods move. It is also shown that despite Macbeth's efforts Banquo's sons will still be king. This enrages Macbeth and with the news of Macduffs departure to England, Macbeth pots to kill him. Plot Advancement ParanoiaSince Macbeth fears the possible rise of Macduff he uses that paranoia to justify the murdering of innocent people. Theme Development News of Macduff's departure reaches Lady Macduff at their castle. She does not accept that he did this for noble reasons ad discusses how much of a traitor he is with their son. In the midst of their conversation Macbeth's plan is carried out as his men storm the castle in search of Mcduff. However in a display of his ruthlessness they kill all of the people in the castle even though Macduff was not there. Plot Advancement Trivia Questions Who was it that sent their men to kill Macduff and why?
a) Banquo's son, He suspects Macduff killed his father
b) Macbeth, Out of fear that Macduff will dethrone him
c)Lady Macbeth, She has become addicted to killing and Macduff is her next target What do the prophesy's reveal about Macbeth's fate?
a) That he will be king for many years
b) That his wife will commit suicide bring him great sadness
c) That an army lead by Macduff will defeat him How are the witches connected to Macbeth?
a) They foretold his prophecies
b) They were family members
c) They were the ghosts of the dead What is the result of Macduffs disappearance?
a) The civilians of Scotland blame him for the kings death.
b) His wife feels betrayed.
c) His son thinks he is a traitor Why do the witches say 'Double Double, Toil and trouble'?
a) To cast a spell on Macbeth.
b) To reference that they are speaking in paradox.
c) To confuse Macbeth further with their rhymes. Why did Act 4, Scene 2 include the death of Lady Macduff and her son?
a) They were hated characters.
b) Macduffs son was another heir to the throne.
c) to build empathy for Macduff and a hatred for Macbeth
d) They were helping Macduff with the fall of Macbeth Question #1 Question #2 Question #3 Question #4 Question #5 Question #6 Contrast Scene Contrast Scene 1 Guilty vs Innocent Lady MacDuff and her son are killed for no apparent reason other than they were in the way of Macbeth. Macbeth wasn't taking any chances with the MacDuff family and ended up creating more guilt for himself by killing the innocent. Human vs Monster The ingredients of the cauldren are all "entrails" or "body parts" of loathed animals or humans (e.g., snakes, lizards, dragons, etc). When these dismembered parts are put together it can be seen as parts to build an entire monster. Compare that to Macbeth, who is a human being, however is slowly becoming so obssessed with his power that he is losing his human characteristics and becoming a power hungry monster. Light vs Dark Symbolism The three apparition’s represent Macbeths over confidence and his ego. While the apparition’s told him his future they told him the parts he wanted to hear and left out some important parts. He only herd what he wanted to hear. Which makes you wonder whether the apparition’s were even real or just figments of Macbeths imagination. When Macbeth leaves the witches cave into the cold light day it is contrasted by him seeming to immediately forget the darkness of the last prophecy. Imagery The witches in the cave and the cave being so far removed from civilization, Makes Macbeth seem like he is trying to hide the fact that he is using supernatural forces to help him survive. It draws your attention to the amount of secrecy in Macbeths life before he was king he plotted the downfall of his king. Now he plots the death of a noble man and his family. Drawing you to the conclusion that Macbeth has changed very much from the man he once was and he has changed into something dark and conniving. Symbolism When the son is stabbed it symbolises the death of Macduffs humanity. Because upon hearing about the death of his family he loses all his emotions but revenge he becomes a being made purely of revenge. Treachery vs Loyalty Arrogent Bravado vs Genuine Courage Imagery The murder of Macduffs family is the final shred of humanity leaving Macbeth. The act represents the new Macbeth, he has become a killer and a tyrant. Macbeth began his fall from grace when he killed the king and this was the final act that allowed him to rest at the bottom of the stinking cesspool of arrogance and self preservation. The fearfullness of Macbeth's Scotland is that no one can be sure of any other person's loyalty or treachery. Lady MacDuff and her son also disscus if MacDuff is a traitor or whether he is a traitor. Question #7 True or False: Macbeth has a huge change of Character at the end of these scenes. Question #8 What does Macbeth over look in the prophecies that he is told? The son displays genuine courage to the situation regarding his father being a traitor. He does not seem to be fearful or upset but rather brave and confident in his mother. Macbeth, on the other hand, displays arrogant bravado towards his entire plot to get away with King Duncan's murder and that no one can ever harm him however, he is extremely fearful. Question #9 True or False: Hecate is the most powerful witch among the rest of the witches and is admired for her many powers and knowledge. Question #10 Whats the main contrast between good vs evil?