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TIMELINE

TIMELINE OF EVENTS LEADING TO THE CONSTITUTION.
by

Sterling Deeb

on 16 February 2014

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Transcript of TIMELINE

American Constitution Timeline

JUNE 15,1215
THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT WAS THE FIRST SET OF WRITEN LAWS IN AMERICA. IT WAS MADE BY THE FIRST BRITISH SETTLERS THAT CAME TO AMERICA TO FIND A BETTER HOME. IT WAS SET UP SO THEY COULD MAKE A FREE GOVERNMENT AND ESCAPE ENGLISH LAW. THIS LIKE THE MAGNA CARTA INFLUENCED THE MAKING OF THE CONSTITUTION.
MAYFLOWER COMPACT SIGNED 1620
THE MAGNA CARTA WAS FORCED ON KING JOHN. THIS WAS THE FIRST TIME A KING WAS MADE SIGN ANY DOCUMENT IN ENGLAND. IT WAS A GRANT THAT SAID KING JOHN WOULD GIVE UP SOME OF HIS POWER SO THE PEOPLE WOULD HAVE MORE RIGHTS. THE CHURCHES GOT THE RIGHT TO NOT HAVE THE KING INTERFERE WITH THEIR POLICIES. IT GAVE A PERSON THE ABILITY TO OWN PROPERTY AS WELL AS GIVE THEM PROTECTION FROM COPIOUS AMOUNTS OF TAXES. WIDOWS THAT OWNED PROPERTY GOT THE RIGHT TO NOT HAVE HUSBANDS. IT ALSO CREATED GUIDELINES OF DUE PROCESS AND EQUALITY. LASTLY, IT HAD STATEMENTS MAKING MISCONDUCT AND BRIBERY ILLEGAL WHILE IN OFFICE.
THIS DOCUMENT WAS IMPORTANT IN AMERICAN HISTORY BECAUSE IT WAS USED TO HELP WRITE THE BILL OF RIGHTS AND THE CONSTITUTION. THE BILL OF RIGHTS AND CONSTITUTION ARE STILL AROUND TODAY.
ON JUNE 21, 1788 NEW HAMPSHIRE, THE FINAL AND NINTH STATE, RATIFIED THE CONSTITUTION BY A VOTE OF 57 TO 47. BEING THE NINTH STATE IT WAS THE LAST STATE NEEDED TO RATIFY THE CONSTITUTION. THANKFULLY THEY RATIFIED IT BECAUSE AMERICA PROBABLY WOULDN'T BE THE WAY IT IS TODAY.
NEW HAMPSHIRE RATIFIES CONSTITUTION JUNE 21, 1788
ON APRIL 30, 1789 GEORGE WASHINGTON BECAME PRESIDENT ON THE BALCONY OF FEDERAL HALL IN NEW YORK.
GEORGE WASHINGTON ELECTED PRESIDENT APRIL 30, 1789
THESE PAPERS WERE A COLLECTION OF ARTICLES WRITTEN UP TO OPPOSE THE RATIFICATION OF THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION IN 1787. THEY HAPPENED THROUGHOUT 1787-1789, NO EXACT DATE WAS RECORDED.
ANTI-FEDERALIST ARTICLES APPEAR SEPTEMBER 17, 1789
TWELVE AMENDMENTS WERE INTRODUCED AS THE BILL OF RIGHTS, BUT ONLY TEN ARE FUNDAMENTAL IN THE CONSTITUTION.
BILL OF RIGHTS SENT TO THE STATES FOR RATIFICATION SEPTEMBER 25, 1789
THE BILL OF RIGHTS WAS FINALLY RATIFIED ON DECEMBER 15, 1791. THE TEN AMENDMENTS DEFINED THE CITIZEN'S RIGHTS IN RELATION TO OUR NEWLY DISCOVERED GOVERNMENT.
BILL OF RIGHTS RATIFIED DECEMBER 15, 1791
Massachusetts Ratifies Constitution
6 Feb 1788

MASSACHUSETTS RATIFIED THE CONSTITUTION FEBRUARY 6, 1788. MASSACHUSETTS AT FIRST DISAGREED WITH THE CONSTITUTION AND DISAGREED TO RATIFY IT, BUT IN THE END MASSACHUSETTS ENDED UP RECOMMENDING MANY AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION, INCLUDING THE BILL OF RIGHTS.

FEDERALIST PAPERS APPEAR
MAY 28, 1788
THE FEDERALIST PAPERS WERE 85 ARTICLES THAT PROMOTED THE RATIFICATION OF THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION. THE PEOPLE WHO WROTE THE FEDERALIST PAPERS WHERE CALLED FEDERALISTS HENCE THE NAME FEDERALIST PAPERS. FOR THESE FEDERALISTS THE CONSTITUTION WAS NEEDED TO KEEP THE LIBERTY AND INDEPENDENCE THAT THEY HAD FROM THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. THE CONSTITUTION MIGHT NOT HAVE BEEN RATIFIED IF NOT FOR THE FEDERALISTS.
DELAWARE RATIFIES CONSTITUTION
DEC 7, 1787
DELAWARE WAS THE FIRST STATE TO RATIFY THE CONSTITUTION, BY A UNANIMOUS VOTE OF 30-0. BY DOING THIS THEY WERE ONE STEP CLOSER TO FULL RATIFICATION OF OUR BELOVED CONSTITUTION THAT WE STILL KEEP IN THE HIGHEST REGARDS.
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION OPENS SEPTEMBER 17, 1787
THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION WAS THE FIRST WRITING OF THE CONSTITUTION. INSTEAD OF FIXING THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, THE DELEGATES DECIDED TO MAKE A NEW GOVERNMENT FOR THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. THIS NEW GOVERNMENT WOULD BE BETTER THAN THE LAST AND WOULD LAST FOREVER. THE CONSTITUTION IS STILL AROUND.
THE GREAT COMPRIMISE
AGREED TO JULY 16 1787
THE GREAT COMPROMISE, AKA THE CONNETICUIT COMPROMISE. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, EACH STATE WOULD BE REPRESENTED BY A NUMBER OF DELEGATES BASED ON THE POPULATION OF THE STATE. ALL STATES WOULD HAVE THE SAME NUMBER OF DELEGATES. THIS IS STILL TRUE TODAY.
NORTHWEST ORDINANCE
JULY 13, 1787
ACCORDING TO THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE OF 1787, THE LAND NORTHWEST OF THE OHIO RIVER WOULD BE SETTLED AND BECOME PART OF THE UNITED STATES. IT ESTABLISHED A GOVERNMENT FOR THE TERRITORY, OUTLINED THE PROCESS FOR ADMITTING A NEW STATE TO THE UNION, AND GUARANTEED THAT NEWLY CREATED STATES WOULD BE EQUAL TO THE ORIGINAL THIRTEEN STATES. CONSIDERED ON OF THE MOST IMPORTANT LEGISLATIVE ACTS OF THE CONFEDERATE CONGRESS, THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE ALSO PROTECTED CIVIL LIBERTIES AND OUTLAWED SLAVERY IN THE NEW TERRITORIES.
ORDINANCE OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
JULY 13 1787
THE ORDINANCE OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM SAID CHRISTIANITY MUST BE BROUGHT IN SOME WAY INTO PUBLIC SCHOOLS. THIS DOCUMENT HONORS RELIGION BY PUTTING IT INTO SCHOOLS. IT CONTRADICTS THE SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE BY SAYING YOU HAVE TO TEACH RELIGION IN SCHOOL. IT ALSO SAID ANY NEW STATE COMING INTO THE UNION WOULD HAVE TO DO THE SAME. ALTHOUGH THIS ORDINANCE WAS CONTRADICTORY, SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE STILL EXISTS.
ANNAPOLIS CONVENTION
SEPTEMBER 14, 1786
THE ANNAPOLIS CONVENTION
WAS WHEN DELEGATES FROM 12 STATES GATHERED FOR A CONVENTION TO HELP THE PROBLEMS OF THE FORMAL NAME FOR THE CONVENTION WAS "A MEETING OF COMMISSIONERS TO REMEDY DEFECTS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT". NOT PLEASED WITH THE WEAK ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, ALEXANDER HAMILTON PLAYED A BIG PART AS THE LEADER. HE WROTE THE RESOLUTION FOR A CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, BY DOING THIS HE MADE HIS DREAM OF HAVING FINANCIALLY INDEPENDENT FEDERAL GOVERNMENT A LITTLE CLOSER TO COMING TRUE.
SHAY'S REBELLION AUGUST 28, 1786
SHAY'S REBELLION WAS A FIGHT BETWEEN THE FARMERS AND THE COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS. THE TAXES WHERE VERY HIGH THERE, SO HIGH THAT MANY POORER FARMERS COULD BARELY MAKE ENOUGH MONEY TO PAY THEM OFF. LOCAL SHERIFFS TOOK FARMERS WHO COULD NOT PAY THEIR TAXES AND THREW THEM IN JAIL AS WELL AS TAKING THIER FARMS. THESE FARMERS BECAME ANGRY AND ONE MAN BY THE NAME OF SHAY TOOK CONTROL AND TRIED TO HOLD UP/SHUT DOWN THE COURTS OF M.A.HE ALSO TRIED TO TAKE DOWN THE BOSTON COURT AND FAILED BUT AMERICA STILL NOTICED.
LAND ORDINANCE
MAY 20, 1785
THE LAND ORDINANCE OF 1785 WAS A LAW THAT ALLOWED SET UP STANDARDS FOR SELLING MILE-PER-SQUARE SECTIONS OF LAND AND SALES OF LAND IN THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY TO MAKE MONEY FOR CONGRESS BECAUSE THEY WEREN'T ABLETO TAX THE PEOPLE DIRECTLY. THIS SET US UP WITH EQUAL PLOTS OF LAND PRETTY MUCH EVERYWHERE.
SPAIN CLOSES MISSISSIPPI RIVER
SEPTEMBER 17, 1784
SPAIN WAS NOT PLEASED THAT THEY WHERE GIVEN LITTLE LAND SO THEY WANTED TO HAVE AMERICAN LAND, SO THE AMERICAN CITIZENS WOULD GET THE PICTURE, THEY CLOSED OFF THE RIVER TO FARMERS WHO WHERE TRYING TO SHIP GOODS UP THE MISSISSIPPI. THIS AFFECTED THEM IN A BIG WAY BY SHUTTING THAT OFF THE FARMERS HAD TO MOVE AWAY FROM THE MISSISSIPPI. LATER THOUGH THEY SIGNED A TREATY CALLED PINCKNEYS TREATY IN 1795.
TREATY OF PARIS SIGNED SEPTEMBER 3, 1783
THIS TREATY ENDED THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, RECOGNIZING THE UNITED STATES AS AN INDEPENDENT NATION. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, JOHN ADAMS, AND JOHN JAY HELPED CREATE THIS TREATY, ITS TERRITORIAL PROVISIONS WERE VERY GENEROUS TO THE US BECAUSE OF ENLARGED BOUNDARIES.
NEWBURGH CONSPIRACY
APRIL 19, 1783
SOLDIERS BECAME WORRIED THEY WOULDN'T GET PAYED FOR FIGHTING THE WAR FOR CONGRESS. GEORGE WASHINGTON PUT AN END TO THE RUMORS. HE TALKED THEM INTO STANDING BY CONGRESS AND NOT LONG AFTER THAT CONGRESS APPROVED A COMPROMISE AGREEMENT IT HAD THAT WAS REJECTED BEFORE. SOME OF THE MONEY THAT THEY SHOULD HAVE BEEN PAYED WAS FUNDED, AND THE SOLDIERS WERE ALLOWED, 5 YEARS OF FULL PAY, RATHER THAN HALF PAY FOR LIFE.
ARTICLES OF
CONFEDERATION SIGNED
NOV 15, 1777
RATIFIED BY ALL THIRTEEN STATES
MARCH 1, 1781, THE ARTICLES PROVED TO FORM A WEAK CENTRAL GOVERNMENT, LEAVING MOST STATES TO LEAD WITH THEIR OWN POWER. THIS ARTICLE IS LIKE A FIRST DRAFT OF THE CONSTITUTION. ALTHOUGH IT WASN'T WRITEN TO PERFECTION IT WAS A STEPPING STONE TO THE CONSTITUTION.
THE FIRST
CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
SEPT 5, 1774 - OCT 26, 1774
THE FIRST TIME CONGRESS MET WAS SEPTEMBER 5, 1774 AT CARPENTERS HALL IN PHILADELPHIA. GEORGIA WAS THE ONLY COLONY THAT DIDN'T SEND DELEGATES. THEY GOT TOGETHER BECAUSE THE BRITISH PASSED THE COERSIVE ACTS (AKA INTOLERBLE ACTS). THE INTOLERABLE ACTS HAD PUNISHED BOSTON FOR THE BOSTON TEA PARTY. THEY MET FOR A SHORT TIME TO THINK OF OPTIONS WHICH INCLUDED AN ECONOMIC BOYCOTT OF BRITISH TRADE, RIGHTS AND GRIEVANCES, AND IT PETITIONED KING GEORGE III TO ADDRESS THOSE GRIEVANCES. THE APPEAL TO THE CROWN HAD NO EFFECT. AT THE TIME, THE COLONIES DID IN FACT BOYCOTT BRITISH TRADE AND IT SET UP A SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. IT LED DIRECTLY TO THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.
ALBANY PLAN OF UNION
ANNOUNCED JUNE 17, 1754
WHEN THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WARS ENDED, THE COLONIES WHERE PRESSURED, MAKING
THEM EASILY IRRITABLE TO ONE ANOTHER. A UNION WAS CREATED IN ALBANY BY THE ENGLISH. IT DECLARED THAT EVERY COLONIAL LEGISLATURE THAT ELECTED DELEGATES TO AN ASSEMBLY WOULD BE WATCHED OVER BY A GOVERNOR. THIS PREVENTED FIGHTING BETWEEN COLONIES.
IN THE LONG RUN THIS MADE
EVERYONE FIGHT LESS.
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE JUNE 28, 1776
WRITEN BY THOMAS JEFFERSON BETWEEN JUNE 11 AND JUNE 28, 1776, IT IS THE NATIONS MOST BELOVED SYMBOL OF LIBERTY AND ONE OF THOMAS JEFFERSON'S MOST IMPORTANT LEGACIES. THE WRITING REFLECTS THE HOPES AND DREAMS OF THE COLONISTS. IT WAS THE BEGINNING OF THE END OF BRITISH RULE AND LED TO AMERICA'S FREEDOM.
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR LASTED FROM 1775 TO 1783, IT STARTED AS A WAR BETWEEN GREAT BRITAN AND THE THIRTEEN COLONIES. IT EVENTUALLY GREW INTO A WORLD WAR BETWEEN BRITAN ON ONE SIDE AND THE UNITED STATES,FRANCE, NETHERLANDS,SPAIN, AND MYSORE ON THE OTHER. NO WAR IS EASY THIS ONE LASTED 8 YEARS, BUT THANKFULLY FOR US AMERICA ACHIEVED THEIR INDEPENDENCE AND EUROPEAN POWERS SAW THAT INDEPENDENCE. AS YOU CAN SEE AMERICA IS STILL HERE SO THEY MUST HAVE DONE SOMETHING RIGHT.
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR APRIL 19, 1775 TO SEPTEMBER 3, 1783
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