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Who was to blame for the English Civil war?
Transcript of Who was to blame for the English Civil war?
1629 - 40
Parliament gives Charles I to spend on his wars but instead he spends it on paintings and expensive clothes, they can't trust him.
Charles needs money for wars because Parliament won't give him any. So he decides to set up tax called 'Ship Money.' If people don't pay for it they get put in Prison.
The English Civil War
King of England
Main Leader of Parliament
1625 - 49
Like James I, Charles I believes that Kings get there power from God and must obeyed.
Laud's changes are forced on the Scottish church. Many Scots are Puritans.
The Grand Remonstrance
Parliament suggested that King Charles should get rid of his wife. When Charles heard this it made him furious, as it would anyone. Anybody who was married would be angry if they were told to get rid of their wife. The reason that Parliament wanted to Charles I to get rid of his wife was because she was Catholic and England was Protestant. Parliament thought that his wife was a threat to the country, she may prompt the King to change religion. They thought that by getting rid of his wife would make sure that there was no threat to the religion of the country. John Pym was the man that announced this statement, he was the main leader of Parliament. As you could probably imagine Charles was not best pleased and was going to seek revenge.
Parliament no longer trusted Charles and so to try and stop him from attacking then the future they took control.
The Earl of Strafford rules Ireland for Charles I but he doesn't get along Parliament very well. This is bad because it may be making the relationship with Ireland go further apart.
Charles I has to ask Parliament for money all the time so he can fight the Scots. But Parliament are worried that he is wasting it on luxuries.
1629 - 40
Charles I needs money but he is ruling without Parliament. He just wants to use them and make them give him money but he doesn't want to work with them Parliament felt rejected.
This is the actual battle taking place.
After the war with Scotland Charles was forced to recall Parliament in November 1640. This one, which came to be known as the Long Parliament. It started with the imprisonment of some of the King's advisors, abolished the Star Chamber, and made ship money illegal.
The Failed arrest of five MP's
One of the demands in the Grand Remonstrance had been to get rid of the Queen. This made Charles very angry, he went to Parliament with some soldiers and tried to have five MP's arrested, but they were warned in advance and had gone into hiding.
I think that Charles I is to blame for the English Civil War. Most of the long term causes that affected England, Charles was to blame for.
Some long term causes are, 'Charles I spends large sums of money on himself. He likes paintings and expensive clothes.' He liked to splash the cash on himself using the money that Parliament had given him for his wars. This angered Parliament which caused them to kick up a fuss, If Charles had just used the money wisely then maybe Parliament wouldn't have got angry.
'Charles ruled without Parliament for 11 years.' When he runs out of money he then used Parliament to try and make them give him more money, but they refuse and don't give Charles any money. This makes him cross, but Parliament think that you can't just forget about us but when things get tough ask for our help and expect us to just help you.
'The Scottish attack England because hey do not like the religious changes. Charles has no army or money to fight.' This is putting the country in danger, if Charles had spent his money properly then they might not be in this situation, they might actually have some money to pay for an army.
Some short term causes are, 'One of the demands in the Grand Remonstrance had been to get rid of the Queen. Charles then went to Parliament with 400 soldiers and tried to have five MP's arrested.' I can see that Charles must have been very angry with Parliament trying to force him to get rid of his wife but there was no reason to storm into Parliament, where it's illegal to arrest people, with that many soldiers trying to arrest five MP's. In this situation both Charles and Parliament over stepped the mark.
The Grand Remonstrance, 'Even though Charles had made compromises in November 1614 Parliament made another list of all their grievances against Charles concerning religion and politics.'This made Charles angry because you wouldn't like someone sticking a piece of paper in your face saying everything that you had done wrong. If Parliament hadn't have said that then maybe Charles wouldn't have dot cross and caused a feud between the two of the them. Out of all of the evidence that I have seen I would definitely say that Charles was the cause of the English Civil War.
Parliament take control of the army
The 19 propositions
Some MP's supported the King and left Parliament to raise support for Charles in their districts. The MP's that stayed made a new list of demands which would basically remove power from the King and give it to Parliament.
This was to much, on August 22nd Charles raised his standard at Nottingham and declared war.
Archbishop of Canterbury
1633 - 40
Laud changes the Church of England Services. He introduces statues, music and candles. All of this is very Catholic and England is Protestant. Parliament are strong Protestant and Puritan they hate the changes. They are worried that England will become Catholic.
Charles I makes William Laud the Archbishop of Canterbury. He doesn't like the Puritans. This is worrying for Parliament because England could become Catholic. He could be setting the wrong example for Charles I. Laud may make him not listen to Parliament.
Strafford is executed by order of the Long Parliament and Laud is put in Prison.
The Scots attack England because they do not like the religious changes. Charles has no army or money to fight.
1625 - 49
Charles I is married to Henrietta Maria. She is Catholic. There are rumours that Catholics will take over.
Charles was spending more money that was coming in through taxes.
Parliament wanted more power which annoyed Charles.