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INTERNATIONALIZATION OF PHILIPPINE OF HIGHER EDUCATION
Transcript of INTERNATIONALIZATION OF PHILIPPINE OF HIGHER EDUCATION
international dimension in our higher education system.
between higher education systems and institutions from different countries.
PHILIPPINE ECONOMY AND DEMOGRAPHY
IMPACT ON PHILIPPINE HIGHER EDUCATION SECTOR
Private consumption is largely driven by remittances from OFWs estimated at 26.9 billion USD in 2016.
The Philippines ranks 3rd in the world in terms of monetary value of remittances received in 2016 (30 billion USD) behind only China (64 billion USD) and India (72 billion USD).
Philippines continue to score in the Global Competitiveness Index 2016 - 2017 Edition by the World Economic Forum and now ranked 57th of 138 countries.
Remittances also contributed to 9.8% to the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
What is the strategy at the national level?
What is the level of autonomy of HEIs in the country?
Is Philippine Higher Education open to international students and international faculty?
"There is ample research to demonstrate that migration, both of highly skilled and low skilled workers generates numerous benefits for receiving and sending countries."
- Sonia Plaza,
co - author of Factbook
Philippines is the 2nd most populous nation in the ASEAN after Indonesia. We passed the 100 million mark in 2014.
4 million HEI students across all disciplines in SY 2015 - 2016
IMPACT OF ENGLISH
Philippines is the "Home of the World's Budget English Teacher."
English is the language of instruction in Philippine HEIs. Consequently, the adoption of English as the official language of the ASEAN Economic Community is expected to position Philippine higher education favorably within the region.
By 2045, according to UN forecasts, we will reach 150 million. By then, we will be the 10th most populous nation in the world and will overtake Japan as the 3rd most populous in East Asia.
Our population will continue to be young within the 20-24 years old age group in the next few decades.
Most students are enrolled in the private sector.
Pearson's "Business English Index" has ranked the Philippines as the top country for Business English. A survey ranked it among the top countries in Asia for English language proficiency, after Singapore and India.
It is important to note that the ASEAN region is close to a number of countries with major economies and established education systems, like Japan, South Korea and, more recently, China.
We expect to get a big share of that excess of students brought about by the shortage of universities in those countries.
IN THE PHILIPPINES
How does our policy
environment look like?
CHED is primarily responsible for tertiary education in the Philippines under Republic Act No. 7722.
CHED's 5 - year strategic plan in 2011 aimed at making higher education programs meet internationalization standards.
OFFICES UNDER CHED
Philippines is also an active member of the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO).
AUTONOMY OF HEIs
What is the regulatory framework for transnational education (TNE)?
Foreign HEIs cannot operate in the Philippines without a local partner except for distance learning providers as provided under RA 10650 or the Open and Distance Learning Act.
CMO 2, s. 2012 allows domestic HEIs to set up overseas.
But many domestic HEIs operate overseas without CHED approval.
Due to limited resources and manpower, CHED is unable to provide quality control over these domestic HEIs operating overseas.
OPENNESS TO ACCEPT FOREIGN STUDENTS AND FACULTY
Student visa process:
very long, expensive, and no assurance. Bureaucratic.
International Affairs Staff (IAS)
Educational Agreements and International Recognition Unit
Protocol Affairs Unit
Trade in Education Services Unit
For foreign faculty, it is also difficult to get processed for employment under PRC Resolution 2012-668, s. 2012 which requires a Special Temporary Permit for different classification of foreign professionals; and Presidential Decree No. 541, or the law "Allowing Former Filipino Professionals to Practice their Respective Professions in the Philippines.
AUTONOMY IN CHARGING TUITION
From a domestic perspective, the economic and demographic outlook poses a major challenge for the higher education sector in the Philippines.
Demand is already growing.
Increase the number of domestic HEIs
Allow foreign HEIs to meet
English is also widely spoken across the country, which provides exposure to an English language environment beyond the university campus
If the Philippines can address barriers in its legislative and regulatory framework, arguably, it is better positioned than other countries to become a strong regional education hub in the ASEAN.
The Philippines should recognize that this opportunity is time - bound and must be seized while it still retains its advantage in the English language.
Drawing on the experience of other countries, a strong political will in the education sector is needed if the Philippines opts to go in this direction. Committed leadership to drive a clear and coordinated strategy is also needed.
Tuition is heavily regulated in the Philippines.
In sum, our policy environment shows that there is a dedicated body for TNE and Internationalization.
A little independence in the autonomy to engage internationally.
But the limiting factors include ownership restrictions and visa requirements.
OTHER LIMITING FACTORS:
Constitutional provision on foreign students
No educational institution shall be established exclusively for aliens and no group of aliens shall comprise more than one-third of enrolment in any school.The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to schools established for foreign diplomatic personnel and their dependents and, unless otherwise provided by law, for other foreign temporary residents. [Art. XIV, Sec. 4 (2), Constitution]
Constitutional provision on foreign investments/participation.
"(2) Educational institutions, other than those established by religious groups and mission boards, shall be owned solely by citizens of the Philippines or corporations or associations at least sixty percentum of the capital of which is owned by such citizens. The Congress may, however, require increased Filipino equity participation in all educational institutions."
The control and administration of educational institutions shall be vested in citizens of the Philippines." [Art. XIV, Sec. 4 (2)]
Do we have the capacity to respond to growing demand in HEI seats without compromising quality?
Philippine HEIs can be a magnet for international faculty and researchers... if they have the faculty and students with the skills, competencies, dedication and mind-set to pursue and engage in research. The data on research quality shows that when Filipino researchers work in collaboration with international researchers, the quality of research is sometimes greater than when they work on their own." ---CHED
FREE HIGHER EDUCATION BILLS
If we do it right, this law will drastically increase enrolment in PHL higher education.
PHILIPPINES AS AN EDUCATION HUB FOR THE ASEAN REGION
The excellent command of the English language in Philippine HEIs creates the perfect environment to attract international students to the country beyond their immediate need to learn English.
Since the official language of instruction in the Philippine HEIs is English, this potentially grants access to all higher education courses taught in the country.
Other ASEAN countries continuously invest to develop their student population's English proficiency, and this will increasingly reduce the advantage that the Philippines has over the long term.
"Genius has no country. It blossoms everywhere. genius is like the light, the air. It is the heritage of all."
- Jose Rizal
Demographic declines in these countries' university age populations have put pressure on some to downsize their higher education capacity through planned mergers and closures of universities.
Generous scholarship schemes to make up for some of the shortages in the domestic systems are already targeting ASEAN university students.
Our economy is booming.
Growth is largely due to private consumption.
Visa applications require CHED approval before it is processed by the BI then sent to the DFA which then informs the country of origin to issue the visa.
Student visas for non-degree students are valid up to 59 days and extended every 2 months.
Are we ready to engage internationally?
Are we ready to accept international higher educational institutions in the Philippines?