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Transcript of Socialization
Nature v. Nurture
Social construction of self
Across the Life Course
socialization of emotions
Agents of Socialization
The lifelong process by which we learn to conform to society's norms, values and roles
the importance of early socialization of language
The importance of physical contact
Society makes us human
Humans don't develop ‘naturally’ without human interaction
The ‘self’ is the outcome of socialization—to be able to know what you want/think/feel and to communicate that to others
Interactionist perspective would say it is “constructed” through interactions with others throughout one’s lifetime
Charles Horton Cooley
"The Looking Glass Self"
The “Looking Glass Self” is the self we think we see in the behaviors of others toward us
Do I look good?
“A Girl Like Me”
George Herbert Mead
What are our Goals in 'managing' the impression we give to others?
The question of what aspects of behavior are we born with (genetic and biological predisposition)
And what do we learn (socialized)
How is negotiating our identity different when it is mediated by YouTube, Facebook, other aspects of internet culture ?????
We acquire self by observing and assimilating identities of others
Knowing how you fit into the larger picture
Internalizing the voice of society (conscience)
Knowing what everyone's roles are
Facial expressions are only one way to show emotion.
Culture, Class and relationships determine the expression of emotions
Messages in the family
Messages in the Media
People or groups that influence our orientations of life
Primary agent of socialization
First attitudes and values are from family
Provides child’s “Cultural Capital”-His or her first placement in society
Race, ethnicity, religion, socioeconomic status
Advantages in social class, Pride in Ethnic heritage, traditional beliefs about respect for elders, ideas about gender roles which often vary by SES and race
Socialization into Gender
Male and Female are symbols
Their meanings are constructed
We learn the meaning of these symbols through interaction with social institutions
Our view of the world includes views on how men and women ‘are’
Many suggest it’s second in importance only to family
Children perform new roles of student, athlete, scholar, friend, competitor, helper…..
Transmit gender roles and expectations (not intentionally)
A group that shares common interests, age, social position
Mimic the styles/slang of a group you hope to join
Conform attitudes to future social class, occupation
Sets standards of physical attractiveness
Peer acceptance is a major factor in self-esteem and predicts school adjustment as well as well-being later in life
Gender differences in Peer groups
Girls relationships are more intensive
and involve more self-disclosure, intimacy and trust
Boys have more extensive relationships
that is, call more people ‘friend’, but are less self-disclosing and intimate.
Why do parents want to move to ‘better’ neighborhoods?
2 of 5 Americans attend a religious service every week
Less attached to mothers
More likely to be mean and fight
Higher language scores on tests
The more you participate in a line of work, the more the work becomes part of your self-concept.
Learning new norms, values, attitudes and behaviors to match new situation in life
First year college
boot camp,prison,concentration camp,Military academy
Stripping away of identity
Shaving, removing personal items,
Isolated from public
Walls, guards, gates, no access to newspapers, media,
Social invention of the industrial age
Need for education
type of socialization varies depending on period of time in which you were a teen-ager.
Are you popular?
Emerging Adulthood (18-29)
Kids in 2011?
5 year old needs job before getting married
by: Karen Castelli
Barrington High School
Sex vs. Gender
Generational differences chart
Am I smart?
Am I good at this?