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(Section 169-193) Summary Characters Protagonist Major Characters Minor Characters Describing the Protagonist Plot Conflicts Resolutions Setting Atmosphere Point of View Symbols Symbols Symbol Symbol Literary Devices Word Finder Theme Statement ITS TIME TO PLAY........... Charades Chanda's Secrets Edition By: Victoria, Hareem, Chamil,Alex and Jaabran Chanda
Lilly Older sister
Chanda's uncles Uncles
Aunty Amanthe Aunt that had passed away
Chanda's cousins Aunt and uncle's children
Grandfather Thela Mother's father
Jonah Stepfather that had passed away
Emmanuel Mrs. Tafa's son to inspire people
Stork Bird that blesses the family
Neighbours/community People Chanda grew up/lived beside
Priest Mentor/teacher from church
Esther's brothers and sister Became part of the close family
Nurse Viser Gave AIDS tests for Chanda/family
Buyana Kaone Counselor from Welcome Centre
Sam Kamwendo Outpost phone guy in Tiro
Ambulance/Doctors Helped bring mama back to Bonang
Mr.Selalame Teacher that requested job for Chanda
General dealer Incharge of the incoming phone calls Character Relationship to Chanda In this section Chanda arrives in Tiro to visit her mother, who is there with relatives. Chanda learns from the general dealer and from relatives her mama is no longer in Tiro. Chanda immediately asks her grandparents where Mama is. They tell Chanda that her mother is in Henrytown and that the relatives left Lilian inside their old abandoned home. Chanda goes to the abandoned hut by herself to find Mama very ill. When the paramedics had taken Lilian to get tested for AIDS the result had been positive. Chanda decides to use the money from Esther to take Mama back home. When the paramedics arrive there is a big scene, however Mrs. Tafa helps stop the neighbourhood drama. Shortly after Mama slips into a coma. Mama finally wakes up to say good bye to her loved ones and passes away, as the stork visits. After, Chanda takes Esther and her siblings to get tested for AIDS, all results turn out negative except for Esther’s. In the end, Chanda gets employed as a supply teacher at the local elementary school. Pages 169-193 are at the end of the plot graph in conclusion for a few reasons. First of all, these are the last pages of the book so obviously; this part would be at the end of the plot graph. Secondly, this section occurs after most of the smaller problems have been solved and the story is settling down, no twists are added to the story in this part and the main problems are slowly being solved and there doesn't seem to be any new problems arising . Our section! Since this is the resolution section of the book, this is usually where all the conflicts are resolved
and there aren’t many conflicts that arise but in this book there are a couple. Firstly, a very small problem that arises in the start of this section is that Chanda cannot find her mother even though she was said to be in Tiro with her family but it is a short lasting conflict. Secondly, the conflict of Mama’s health does not arise in this section but it evolves as Mama starts to lose her memories and slips into a coma. Secondly, Esther finally takes an AIDS test at the hospital and the test comes back as positive so she finds out that she has AIDS adding a new conflict to the story. Also, I predict that no new conflicts will arise in the following pages of the novel because there are no more pages left in the book and the ending does not hint at any conflicts that might arise. Conflicts-Evidence
1.Chanda narrates that Mr. Kamwendo said “Only your Mama isn’t here anymore” (Stratton 171).
2.Chanda states “Mama slips into a coma” (Stratton 187).
3.Chanda states after getting AIDS tests for Esther and her whole family that “The tests came back negative. Except for Esther’s.”(Stratton 191). Since this is the resolution section of the novel, the main problems that have aroused throughout the book are being resolved and one small conflict. Firstly, the conflict of Mama’s health is not resolved in the sense that she was healed but in the sense that her passing ended the conflict in a negative way but solved nonetheless. Also, another main conflict that is being solved is Chanda’s fear of taking an AIDS test and her fear of actually having caught AIDS. She went to the hospital earlier on in the story to get an AIDS test but she was too frightened but after her Mama’s death she takes Iris, Soly, Esther and her brother and sister to the hospital to get them all AIDS tests because she is afraid that her loved ones might die like her mother and Jonah, everyone’s tests came back negative except for Esther’s. Thirdly, a problem that has persisted through the whole story is finally being solved and that is the fear of shunned by your peers for having ‘the curse’ or better referred to as AIDS because the stigma behind AIDS is that if you have contracted it, you are believed to be dirty or shameful but in the end, Chanda overcomes this fear. She disregards Mrs. Tafa’s warnings and decides to bring her mother home from Tiro so she could be with her family during her last breath not caring about whether her neighbors would shun her or her family. Lastly, early in this section Chanda goes to her grand parents’ house in Tiro to find her mother and she was told that her Mama was not there anymore but she finds out that out of fear of having a bad reputation , Mama's own family abandoned her in an old hut far away from them, so she discovers the truth. 1.Referring to Mama on her death bed, Chanda states “she passed”
2.Talking to nurse Viser, Chanda states “A while ago, you asked if I wanted to be tested for AIDS [...] I wasn’t ready then. I am now. This is my family. We all want the truth.” (Stratton 191).
3.After getting an AIDS test for herself, Iris, Soly, Esther and Esther’s brother and sister, Chanda states “The tests came back negative. Except for Esther’s” (Stratton 191).
4.Chanda states “I’m tired of lies and hiding and being afraid. I’m not ashamed of AIDS!” (Stratton 181).
5.Chanda narrates that GrannyThela states, talking about Mama, “We had to hide her someplace else. Someplace far away where the stench of the sickness wouldn’t shame the family.” (Stratton 176).
6.When asked about where Mama was, Granny says “In one of the old huts” (Stratton 176). Major Minor Protagonist - Chanda The protagonist of the story is Chanda. This is because throughout the entire novel, the story follows Chanda, her feelings, thoughts and the events passing by in her first hand. One example from the text is "Mama gave me everything-the house and her belonging-to me in trust. I was put in charge of Iris and Soly." -Chanda Page 190. After Chanda's mother passes away the story still follows her thoughts of the will from her mother. -Tiro
-Bonang -General Dealers in Tiro
-Granny and Grandpa’s compound
-Hospital in Bonang
-Health clinic in Tiro The atmosphere in Tiro is optimistic at first because Chanda is finally there and she might find Mama and bring her back home but it becomes very sad when she finds out that her Mama’s health has gotten worse. Next, the atmosphere in Jonah’s house in Bonang is even sadder because Mama slips into a coma and inevitably dies shortly after she gets home. Also, the atmosphere in the hospital in Bonang is happy at first because Chanda overcomes her fears of AIDS and gets tested but becomes very sad as Esther's AIDS test come positive. The point of view in this novel is first person limited because the narration uses ‘I’ and ‘me’ throughout but the narrator doesn’t know everything. Pg. 170 - "Any crumb that stuck to my lip or fell on my dress got a sharp word"
Pg. 170 - "These "other men" in her life..."
Pg. 177 - "A family of baboons chatters at me..."
Pg. 183 - "I picture her hiding behind her shutters..." Discussion Question This image represents how the deaths of several characters are revealed. First, mama passes away after saying goodbye to Chanda. Afterward, a stork appears which can be implied that it signifies mama saying goodbye to her family as a whole, then ascending away. Since angels and storks both use wings to take flight, as well as the fact that mama had just passed momentarily ago, it’s understandable that the stork would represent mama leaving. Also, Mrs. Tafa reveals that Emmanuel’s death was not caused by a hunting accident. He was infected with AIDS, and committed suicide. The angel wings can also symbolize the clarity of the issue when Mrs. Tafa lets go of hiding the cause of death, bringing forth waves of relief. Therefore, the angel wings portrays the clarity and ascendance of the loved ones who has passed.
Evidence from the text that would assist in the realization of my symbol would be when the stork visited Chanda’s family. “There, perched on the wheelbarrow, was my stork [...] The stork raised its right foot as if giving us a blessing. Then it arched its back and began to fly”. Resolutions- Evidence
Chanda's mother: " Chanda, I'm lost"
Chanda: "It's all right. I've found you." I hold her hand "we're going home."
"No. You listen to me, Mrs.Tafe," I shout. "I'm tired of lies and hiding and being afraid. I'm not ashamed of AIDS! I'm ashamed of being ashamed" - Chanda (Page 181)
"Everyone's staring. I want to close my eyes and make the world dissapear. I want to recite the alphabet until my brain melts. But I don't I force a smile. "Thank you for coming I say. - Chanda (Page183)
"Oh Lilian, you have such a daughter. Such a daughter" - Mrs. Tafa(Page 187)
"Mama gave me everything-the house and her belonging-to me in trust. I was put in charge of Iris and Soly. -Chanda (page190) Do you think that you could have overcome the fear of finding out whether you had AIDS or not and get tested despite the stigma, like Chanda? Family Context Evidence from the text: Auntie Lizbet's hate for her sister, Lillian, was so much that she did not feel the pain for her dying sister. She was always rude towards Lillian and talked negatively about her at all times even when her death was near. According Auntie Lizbet, Lillian deserved the death she was approaching towards. Auntie Lizbet believed that whatever Lillian had done in the past were shameful deeds for her family and now that she was suffering from the disease, it was shameful for them that they did not want the world to know about it. "She's always shamed the family, whispers Auntie Lizbet. Even in dying." (page 176) This shows, Auntie Lizbet is a heartless person and has no feelings for the person she does not like. This character is a flat and static character as auntie Lizbet does not have different shades to her character but is seen as a person who is cruel throughout this section. Whatever the situation is, auntie Lizbet takes it in a negative way.
The adjective i chose to describe auntie lizbet is heartless because she is portraying a character that has no regards towards other's feelings. She is blunt and her acts are such that the other person would be heart broken. Her behavior towards Lillian and her daughter shows how uncaring she is. This image is not personal for any of the characters. There hasn't been talk regarding religious beliefs within the major characters. (Except for Chanda stating her displeasure)
Also, it is an overt symbol because it's easily understandable because angels relate to heaven, relating to spiritual beliefs. This leads to spirits of people, most likely loved ones. Discussion Question
Do you think auntie Lizbet's behavior towards Lillian is justified because of her actions in the past? " I try to be calm. If i'm to help Mama, I'll need a clear head." - Chanda (page 169)
"Mama's gone. But she isn't dead. That's what I kept telling myself" (Page 171)
Auntie Lizbet: "She's always shamed the family. Even in dying.
Chanda: "Before, I might have smacked Auntie Lizbet across the face. Not now. Now i'm too emptyeven to be angry." (page 176)
"But they have an eye out, curious abu who or what "those kids and the hooker-girl" are waiting for." - Chanda (Page 182)
"The stork raised it's right foot as it was giving us a blessing...I held my babies close. That was Mama, wasn't it? Whispered Soly. My mind said no, but my heart said, Yes. "She's gone now? "Yes". " -Chanda/Soly (Page189) Chanda's Social Context What would you choose to represent the tragic and relieving events in this section of the book? Why? What feelings do you have attached to the symbol you chose? Evidence from the text: "Go back to Bonang, Auntie Lizbet says. She'll be there soon enough. I don't believe you. Tommorow morning i'm going to the police. A troublemaker, just like your mama, Granny Therla says." Auntie Lizbet,Granny Therla and Chandra (page175)
"Oh Lilian, you have such a daughter. Such a daughter." - Mrs.Tafa ( page187)
"You were one of my best students. I've recommended you at the elementary school." -Mr. Selalame (page 187)
"So what? I don't care what people think anymore. Esther squealed and danced me around the room. You're the best friend forever. In Allan Stratton's fictional novel Chanda's Secrets, Chanda is a character who is very acceptant. When Chanda's own mother and best friend gets affected by AIDS, she starts to feel that there is no need in believing the stigma. In this section of the novel, it states " No. You listen to me, Mrs.Tafa" I shouted. " I'm tired of lies and hiding and being afraid. I'm not ashamed of AIDS! I'm ashamed of being ashamed. I slam the phone down. When I turn around I see walls of open mouths." - Chanda (Page 181). This is a strong example of Chanda being acceptant because after hearing her loved ones was AIDS positive, Chanda realizes that AIDS is not worth being so ashamed over and accepting the truth is key. Make the best of Chanda's situations is a strongly positive because hiding from your problems won't help. In conclusion, Chanda is a very acceptant character in the novel since she had always reacted, spoke and thought in a manner of an accepting individual. DISCUSSION QUESTION What were the themes taught by characters in this section? Do you feel they were widely explored? Were they brought to readers in a cliche or unique manner? Auntie Lizbet
In this section, Auntie Lizbet is the antagonist who is seen as a harsh and violent person through her negative character. She is a cruel person who does not care for anyone. She is selfish and maintains hater towards others especially her sister and Chanda. Auntie Lizbet's harsh behavior can be seen by the way she treats Chanda. When Chanda comes to meet her mother to her grandmother's house, she meets her Auntie Lizbet for the first time. Chanda experience pain from her aunt's heartless words and behaviour. Auntie Lizbet is mad at Chanda's mother t unleash her anger out on Chanda. As Chanda says in the quote below, Auntie Lizbet physically abuses her by grabbing her arm and yanking her in a way that caused her hurt. "Auntie Lizbet grabs my arm, yanks me to the kitchen table, and pushes me onto a stool." (page175) Antagonist