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Italian vs. Northern Renaissance
Transcript of Italian vs. Northern Renaissance
Focused on questions of morality and ethics Christian Humanists Believed in the the basic goodness of humanity Thought society was Corrupt But it could be retaught Intellectual Unrest 1400s: many new universities were founded in the North Developed Trade and Manufacturing Trade Fugger family
Merchants then Bankers
Mining 1st Printing Press Latin was the Language of Scholarship Thomas More Erasmus Englishman
Utopia, latin for "nowhere"
Described the ideal society
Set on an island in the Atlantic
Gold, Silver, and jewels had no value in Utopia
Goal was to develop their rational faculties Dutch (Netherlands)
Cleryugman who believed in the goodness of humanity
Advocated edcation which to him meant study of the Bible and the classics All should read the scripture... Praise of Folly made fun of worldliness and supersition of the church
Neither challenged papal authority or supported the ideas coming out of Luther's rebellion in Germany Religion Religious Mysticism Individuals could commune with God without the Chruch
Developed/Advocated by Thomas A. Kempis
HE DID NOT ADVOCATE SEPARATION FROM THE CHURCH JUST THE OPPORTUNITY FOR A DEEPER CONNECTION WITH GOD
Brothers and Sisters of the Common Life Netherlands
Men and women lived separately and communally but they were not monks or nuns
Established schools and helped the poor
Taught humility, tolerance, reverence, love of neighbor, and duty
Erasmus was raised by group ART Painting but little sculpture
No Frescoes due to climate
Church was Not A Patron
subjects tended not to be religious
Realistic Portraits were popular (Vermeer and Rembrandt) ART Towns depended on Trade
Wealthy merchants were Patrons
had perspective ART Subjects were Religious
Had sculptures and Frescoes
Church was a Patron Van Eyck Brothers flemish
Did portraits in oil before Michelangelo and da Vinci
Literature Literature Produced the first modern writers known as the humanists
Some studied Greek
Often Wrote in Vernacular Both wrote in Latin Dante Alighieri Divine Comedy Wrote in Florentine Italian making the dialect the primary influence on the development of modern Italian Castiglioni The Courtier Described proper behavior for Renaissance Men and Women Machiavelli The Prince Saw the great political failures of the Italian City-States
Admired the rising new monarchies of the time
Book did not discuss morality
Described what effective rulers did to get what they wanted
Church condemned it to the List Of Forbidden Books Leonarado da Vinci