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Politics of Pronunciation - Extended for lang schools
Transcript of Politics of Pronunciation - Extended for lang schools
WHAT IS AN ACCENT?
your teacher's accent?
by usage in the formal and informal speech and writing of the
, and that is widely
recognized as acceptable
wherever English is spoken and understood"
sanctioned by those in power
Dr Johnson's Dictionary 1757
"The language of the highest classes... is now looked upon as the standard of English pronunciation"
1869- A.J. Ellis coins phrase 'Received Pronunciation'
1924- Daniel Jones' English Pronouncing Dictionary
BBC ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON SPOKEN ENGLISH
'to secure some measure of uniformity in the pronunciation of broadcast English'
"... When the parties in a relationship of domination and subordination we tend to say that the dominant is normal, and the subordinate is different from normal. And so it is with accent... People in power are perceived as speaking normal, unaccented English. Any speech that is different from that constructed norm is called an accent"
(Matsuda, 1991: 1361)
By definition, language evolves, like a living organism.
RP may be a 'standard', but it's actually a spectrum of different accents.
But even RP is constantly evolving
The RP of the 1950s is different from the RP that's spoken now.
The poor people were caught in a trap
were caught in a
were caught in a
Historical & Contemporary Variation Within R.P
Early BBC R.P.
The Actors/Broadcast 'neutral'
'The new neutral'
Old school R.P.
"R.P. is the easiest accent to learn"
"R.P. is intrinsically the most beautiful accent"
"R.P. is the clearest way to speak"
"R.P. is the easiest accent
"R.P is how we imagine British
people to speak"
accentedness vs intelligibility
Rajadurai, 2007; Jenkins, 2000
Ideas for pronunciation teaching
Choose an appropriate model
Select strategic goals
Adopt a systematic approach
Pace & Pause
Rhythm, pace, stress
Redefinition of goals...
Accent Reduction/ Accent Acquisition
Accommodation- code switching
Maintain : own accent in mother tongue
Validate : NNS accent in certain situations
Enable : accommodation when appropriate.
Be specific; focus on one sound and spend time on that, and just that- don't get distracted by other errors.
Be systematic; work on one sound at a time, and address different students' mistakes with the same sound.
Be sympathetic; to mother tongue, and how hard the process is.
Key Consonant issues
voicing & aspiration?
work on length, and don't sweat the small stuff
KIT/ FLEECE: I was hit by the heat
FOOT/GOOSE: Look Luke!
LOT/THOUGHT: I'm not naughty
LOT/ GOAT: There's a lot to unload
A short vowel should be short
A long vowel should be long
A diphthong should have movement
know how YOU speak
"you know... I thought everybody lived that way...you know... it was only in retrospect, when I look at my childhood it was quite a deprived life"
"...and when I was in the house in Ermson I built myself quite a big pigeon loft, and joined the local club."
"We used to go to town quite a lot of a weekend, to the library, art gallery and museum"
"and I found you could take the mickey out of the irish, you could take the mickey out of the welsh, you could take the mickey out of the scots..."
"I think you're better being married, I mean it worked for me."
"technology has devastated littlewoods where the workers are concerned"
"My father's parents done an awful lot of cooking on their fire. The ovens, you know, bread"
We grew up in 66 west gunhill road, right across from a beautiful golf course"
"Wallaru which is a little sound, as I've said a hundred miles from Adelaide"
"There's this Indian festival called holi, and the special thing about this festival is that...."