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Sport and the use of Performance-Enhancing drugs

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Natalie Bramall

on 7 February 2014

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Transcript of Sport and the use of Performance-Enhancing drugs

Sport and the use of performance-enhancing drugs
'Doping is cheating, unnatural, and against sport values' Think again!
2) Why shouldn't they and what are the possible consequences?
Thank you for listening!
Any Questions?

Spend 5 minutes matching the key terms written on the board with there correct description

Task 1
Legal Issue
(+) Legalising drugs would mean all would assume you couldn't succeed without them
(-) Development of new tests for new drugs, the testing regime and the occasional need to defend a decision in court
(-) Detection is not always effective/undertaken properly/in-consistent over international borders
(-) Drug testers are always behind chemists
Moral issue
(+) Not healthy
(+) Not nurturing natural talent - is there such thing as a sport gene?
(+) Uneven playing field - cost and access = not already?
(-) Ineffective drug detection - lottery
(-) Testing - unethical?
(-) Invades the private life of athletes
(-) Where is the line between what is a nutritional supplement and a PED?
(-) Performers sacrifice a lot in sport, all personal decisions. Why should taking PED's be any different?
(-) Will legalising PED's not make for a more exciting and attractive sporting experience?
(-) Artificial advantage - Hypoxic tents? (GM)
Examples of banned athletes (UKAD database)
Contextualising the issue
The use of PED's is a major problem for elite sport, particularly within the 21st century
We are of course focusing here on drugs that have a
ergogenic
effect/act as a
ergogenic
aid for the performer (not recreational or prescribed drugs)
Ergogenic aids
= ''items designed to increase work or improve performance'' (Buttefield, 1996:191)
Williams (1992) identified five general categories of ergogenic aids;
1) Mechanical aids
2) Psychological aids
4) Physiological aids
3) Pharmacological aids
5) Nutritional aids
Task 3 - Examination-style question
4) What can be done to solve the problem? (More liberal/conservative)
1) Why do some performers take performance-enhancing drugs?
Task 2 (10 minutes - PC)
3) What organisations/testing are in place to prevent drug use? (WADA)
How do they determine the length of a ban? (Justified)
Take a 5 minute breather!
100% ME’ is a UK Sport initiative designed to encourage elite sports performers to ‘win fairly and cleanly’. Despite such initiatives, there continues to be a number of positive drugs tests in a variety of different sports. Why do some performers continue to take performance enhancing drugs? (4 marks)
In 1998, the then Head of the IOC, Juan Antonio Samaranch, told a newspaper ‘that substances that do not harm an athlete’s health should not be banned and should not be considered as a case of doping’. Discuss this statement. (4 marks)
Explain the advantages and the disadvantages of all sports, in all countries, testing for performance enhancing drugs? (4 marks)

Learning Objectives:
1) Students to understand what constitutes a 'drug', its different varities and to provide a few examples of drugs on the WADA banned list
2) Groups of students to come up with some of the reasons why they think performers use drugs
3) Students to understand; who is involved in the battle against performers using drugs, testing, consequences of use and possible solutions to the problem (moral/legal issue)
(+) = move towards YES banning substances
(-) = move towards NOT banning substances
Introduction in Exam Style Question/s
1) 100% ME’ is a UK Sport initiative designed to encourage elite sports performers to ‘win fairly and cleanly’. Despite such initiatives, there continues to be a number of positive drugs tests in a variety of different sports. Why do some performers continue to take performance enhancing drugs? (4 marks)

2) In 1998, the then Head of the IOC, Juan Antonio Samaranch, told a newspaper ‘that substances that do not harm an athlete’s health should not be banned and should not be considered as a case of doping’. Discuss this statement. (4 marks)

3) Explain the advantages and the disadvantages of all sports, in all countries, testing for performance enhancing drugs? (4 marks)
Full transcript