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Symbolist and Naturalism in Theatre
Transcript of Symbolist and Naturalism in Theatre
Impact on Theatre
*Director is important member of theatrical production.
*Infuses all the other arts into symbolic theatre.
*2D type of scenery to 3D.
*Focuses on the human conciousness and emphasize on moral problems.
-Loses human characterization, dramatic action and realistic stage-settings for theatrical effect of mystery and mysticism.
*Aims for a stage with qualities of rhythm, tone and harmony in the unfolding moment of its actors and accented by the play of varied lighting.
LEADERS IN SYMBOLIST DRAMA
"Petrushka" by Igor Stravinsky and Alexandar Benois.
*Bely believes that drama is the highest poetic art.
*Bely's attribute to drama-atmospherical and musical.
*Bely conceives the stage as an incarcation of the dream, and the fictive world of the drama infects people as with a fever, through the creation of a life that is lofty and meaningful.
*created new stage space that opened out into infinity.
*strange optical effects.
-pulsating lights and the play of refracted light on shadows and brightness.
The Symbolist and Naturalist Movement Overlap, moving from the late 19th century to the early twentieth century.
The longer of the two.
Naturalism in the theater, as in prose of the time, was concerned with portraying life in the most realistic of manner. Naturalist playwrights wished to show real life, both the external aspects and the internal aspects.
Naturalism Movement Impacts on Theater
Naturalistic writers were influenced by the theory of evolution of Charles Darwin.
They believed that one's heredity and social environment determine one's character.
Naturalistic works are opposed to romanticism, in which subjects may receive highly symbolic, idealistic, or even supernatural treatment.
They often include uncouth or sordid subject matter
Naturalistic works exposed the dark harshness of life, including poverty, racism, sex, prejudice, disease, prostitution, and filth.
As a result, Naturalistic writers were frequently criticized for being too blunt.
*Naturalism was a long-lasting period noted for simple, realistic acting and scenery, with scripts that examined gritty human situations.
*Symbolism was a much shorter-lived period, with more elaborate and dream-like scenery and acting, and scripts noted for their beauty and poetic qualities.
Émile Zola is considered the father of Naturalism
He wrote Thérèse Raquin.
Émile Zola's works had a frankness about sexuality along with a pervasive pessimism.
A Bitter Fate (1859)
A Doll's House (1879)
The Power of Darkness (1886)
The Father (1887)
Miss Julie (1888)
Drayman Henschel (1898)