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A01PW - complete
Transcript of A01PW - complete
UNIT 1 - URBAN CHALLENGES
More people are living in cities than ever before. As more people move to urban areas, cities all over the world are facing new challenges...
UNIT 3 - BEAUTY AND APPEARANCE
Image by Tom Mooring
Advanced Oral Communication Skills 1
the small facts or features of something
UNIT 2 - PROTECTING OUR PLANET
affect people's lives?
TIP: How to answer
What is the largest city in the world?
B) I think it's Tokyo.
C) According to this map, it seems that Tokyo was the most crowded city back in 2007.
regulate generate structure convert
Listen to the audio and read along.
Pay special attention to the
Answer to these questions:
Why do people like living in micro-homes?
How does this cement reduce pollution?
Where is the High Line urban park?
What function does each word have? Are they adjectives? nouns? verbs? adverbs? conjunctions?
Look at these pictures. What does
is famous for...
Guessing content based on previous information.
. They're just
! Your guess might be accurate or not but that's not important now!
To state a prediction:
I'll say... I think... I assume... I suppose... Probably,... Perhaps,... Maybe,...
Thesis stament + supporting ideas + details.
Don't only get the right answer.
Ask yourself "How did I get the right answer?"
1. City services ___________ __________________________.
2. Higher prices for _____.
3. Higher _____ in tourist areas.
4. Bad _________ problem.
5. The city's population is _________________.
handle so many people
1. Generates ___________.
2. Money helps city ____________.
3. Many Venetians have jobs related to ___________.
the money that a government receives from taxes or that an organization, etc. receives from its business.
Tax fraud costs the country millions in lost
The central government collects the tax
on behalf of local authorities.
The project will not generate any
Pay attention to
examples and supporting ideas.
to help you remember bits of information.
what you listened
what you know
a "smart" guess
Introducing a topic
Not only for the
, but also for
your own ideas
To begin with,
we are going to review some of the problems caused by tourism
I'd like to focus on
some aspects of this issue
Today's topic is
the passive voice
What I want to do today is
(to) check our solutions to the problems that were presented in our last class
THE PASSIVE VOICE
to be quiet. (active)
to be quiet. (passive)
the action. And it's the
of the active voice.
In any tense you have to use the
verb to be
to the airport. (active only)
by the flooding in Venice.
Public parking lots
Many new hotels
Change the tense of the previous sentences.
dry season (drought)
What problems can you imagine between the
at Lake Gossi?
HOW MUCH DO YOU KNOW ABOUT SINGAPORE?
1. Where is Singapore?
2. What languages are spoken there?
3. What ethnic groups live there?
1. It's located in South-east Asia, in the Malay Peninsula.
2. The official languages are English, Malay, Mandarin, and Tamil.
3. Many ethnics live there, but mainly Chinese, Indian, and, of course, Malays.
COMPLETE THE CHART
1. According to the lecturer, what's Venice's biggest problem?
a) M.O.S.E. b) Tourism c) acqua alta
2. How much do Cafés charge for a soft drink?
a) US$30 b) US$13 c) US$3.00
3. What has caused small local businesses to close?
a) They can't handle too many people.
b) They don't earn enough money to pay for rent.
c) Tourists aren't interested in buying software.
will provide individual grades for the
two listening objectives
Quiz # 1
must be administered by
Quiz # 2
for the quizzes must be the same as that of
Students are either
to be given a slip of paper
or they can use
one of their own
to record their answers
Students register their data on the paper (
Listening passage is to be played
papers are collected
in orderly fashion.
can take notes
(answer sheet and note-taking paper)
have to be collected
Why do you think the Merlion is Singapore's symbol?
I'll say... I think... I assume... I guess... I believe... I suppose... Probably,... Perhaps,... Maybe,...
PASSIVE VOICE II
In passive voice, the agent is usually
, it's important to mention the
of the action.
Hawaiian pizza is delicious!
Cell phones are horrible things.
Video games are only for nerds.
Women should rule the world.
Books must be banned.
Maths are great (though I don't understand them).
All parents deserve respect.
Peru is doing great as a nation/country.
The US Declaration of Independence
by Jefferson and Franklin
What do you know about
How does the picture in pg. 21 make you feel?
200 million years on Earth
up to 100 years of age
everywhere except Antarctica
Shells made of 60 bones
Swim up to 35 miles per hour
They are endangered
What is the biggest threat to these animals?
What could happen if plant species disappear?
in a particular area
how they interact
- the way in which they interact
What do you know about these animals?
Why did people hunt whales in the past?
What are the dangers to whales now?
How can we help whales to survive?
Is there any famous whale you remember?
threat recover indications alter evidence
strategies violate status exploit
DON'T USE A DICTIONARY!
1C 2I 3G 4B 5A 6H 7E 8D 9J 10F
WHAT'S THE CONTEXT?
USING A DICTIONARY
CONTEXT VS DICTIONARY
What kind of habitat did the
dusky seaside sparrow
Why do you think it became
We use indentation
when taking notes
Before we listen
(be to) blame
Steelhead trout in Washington state
gray wolf in Wyoming and Idaho
not making much progress
Add you own abbreviations and symbols!
Imagine you are the last Dusky Seaside Sparrow. Tell your partner how you feel and what could have been done to save your species.
To introduce an example use
, for example,
, for example.
A moon is a natural satellite.
, the Earth has only one moon,
, for instance.
RESTRICTIVE ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
A tiger, not a specific one. We just know it's angry.
One of the tigers, the one that was angry. It's an specific tiger.
To clarify, specify, or modify the subject.
it's essential to the meaning of a sentence The meaning changes if the clause is deleted
limits the thing it refers to
set off by commas.
do their work
should pass easily.
is out of my price range.
sailed on October 25
is the one to which we referred in the contract.
Edgar Allan Poe
wrote "The Raven
is a great American poet.
Puerto Rico was a Spanish colony until 1898
it was ceded to the United States
The credit card is in my wallet
you can find in the kitchen drawer
It's not essential. It can be deleted.
SUBJECT OR OBJECT?
If the relative pronoun (who, that, etc.) is used as an object, it can be omitted.
I liked the girl
was nice to me.
I hate the dog
I love the bike
my father gave me.
= I love the bike my father gave me.
There are many dangers for animals
live in the ocean.
overfishing is extremely harmful for some species.
I hope I hear from the person
I spent hours talking last night.
I hope to hear from the person
I spent hours talking
Are the crocs still thriving?
to become, and continue to be, successful, strong, healthy, etc.
Why does Rom observe the muggers at night?
Why do crocs fight?
What could be interesting or difficult about a fish biologist's job?
Is it OK to kill them? Why?
What other animals are hunted?
A discussion is a conversation where participants can interrupt each other.
A discussion is spontaneous. A debate is formal.
An argument is presented first. The other side then presents the opposing argument.
In a debate, speakers often argue
When your opponent, makes a good point acknowledge it.
don't make a big deal out of it.
Use logical arguments.
Don't make fun of an argument.
Keep a calm, clear voice.
Don't get angry. You get mad, you lose.
All people should be vegetarians.
Human cloning should be banned.
Renewable forms of energy should be subsidized by the government.
The US Government should fund a space mission to Mars.
Democracy is the best form of government.
Macs are better than PCs.
Androids are better than iPhones.
Would you donate money to save pandas?
What do you know about pandas?
Do you like them?
How does advertisement work? Would you buy a product just because the add is good? What about beauty products? Explain.
WHAT IS BEAUTY?
What makes a person
Which country is next? Why?
What is happening in the photo? Who might be in the public?
What do you know about fashion?
What makes a "good" appearance?
What makes a face look "well"?
Maybe AVERAGE IS BEAUTIFUL
What expression do you agree the most with -
"Beauty is only skin deep"
Beauty is in the eyes of the beholder" ?
That is to say...
That is an
She is a
We live in a
We started using
I love eating
I bought some
That was a
She is a
This is a
It was a
We watched the
version of the movie.
She is a
It left a
taste in my mouth.
And what about these?
A perfect replica of a model's face can be created with
This can be used for special effects in movies or TV shows.
How do you think they are made?
What other uses could a skin mask have?
WHAT DO YOU THINK ECO-FASHION MEANS?
Read the whole paragraph before choosing your answers.
(used) stuff can be recycled or repurposed?
What is it used for?
What are they used for? (
A: It is impossible for people from different ethnic groups to live together in peace.
B: I disagree. I truly believe it is possible to live in peace and harmony with everyone.
A: Yes, but look at the conflicts in the middle east, for instance. War has been going on for decades and it seems it will never stop.
B: That's debatable. People fight for several reasons but there are some others who despite the political and religious disagreement are capable of overcoming their differences and become friends.
A: Maybe you're right.