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Transcript of Illustrated Timeline
Solomon Builds Temple
King of Israel
ca. 955 BC
Pharaoh Shishak Invades
ca. 925 BC
The Kingdom Divides
Israel - The Northern Kingdom
Judah - The Southern Kingdom
Israel : The Northern Kingdom
Assyria Stopped at Qarqar
878-845 Omri dynasty: Omri, Ahab
845 BC 746 BC - Jehu Dynasty
Ada-Nirari III conquers Damascus
Shalmaneser V Attacks Samaria
Samaria Falls to Sargon II
722 BC - End of the Northern Kingdom
736 - Syro-Ephraimite War
Sennacharib Conquers Judah, Jerusalem Survives
The Book of the Law found in the Temple: Reform Initiated
Nineveh Conquered by Babylon
Egypt & Assyria defeat Babylon
(Egypt gets Judah and Neighbors)
Babylon Defeats Egypt at Carchemish, Judah becomes vassal
Babylon Conquers Jerusalem
Takes booty, king, and other exiles
BABYLON DESTROYS JERUSALEM, TEMPLE AND MONARCHY, TAKES EXLIES
END OF THE SOUTHERN KINGDOM
CYRUS CONQUERS BABYLON
Cyrus Edict permits "return from exile"
Temple Rebuilt in Jerusalem
Ezra comes to Jerusalem
458 BC (?)
Nehemiah comes to Jerusalem
Rebuilds the Walls
445 B C
The Southern Kingdom
Alexander "the Great" of Macedonia conquers
the Persian Empire
Antiochus IV "Epiphanes"
Defiles the Jerusalem temple
Rome Conquers Palestine
Rome Destroys the second
temple in Jerusalem
After Solomon's death the northern tribes secede and Jeroboam becomes their king
Statue of Salmaneser III: Stopped at the Battle of Qarqar in 853 BC
Assyria tried to expand into the Levant but were stopped
In 802 BC Ada-Nirari III conquers Damascus moving the Assyrian army further south
2 Kings 16:9 -- "The king of Assyria complied by attacking Damascus and capturing it. He deported its inhabitants to Kir and put Rezin to death.
In 724 Samaria, the capitol of the Northern Kingdom, is attacked by Shalmaneser V and the Assyrian army
In the mid - 8th century, Aram and Israel allied to resist Assyria. They tried to force Judah to join them, but Judah offered herself as a vassal to Assyria instead
During the reign of King Josiah of Judah, the Book of the Law was found in the temple. After hearing the scroll read, Josiah repented, had the book authenticated by Huldah the prophet, and carried out a series of reform to bring Judah's worship into line with the law, especially as found in Deuteronomy.
Sennacherib captured the fortified cities of Judah, and received tribute from Hezekiah.
Sennacherib besieged Jerusalem but did not take it (2 Kings 19:34)
Assyrian empire declined int eh 7th century
Nineveh was destroyed by the Babylonians in 612 BC
by Brandin Francabandera
Image from New World Encyclopedia
This is the most important date to remember for understanding the Old Testament
Gone are the temple, city, king, and political autonomy!
Cyrus the Great of Persia conquers Babylon and gains the territory of the Babylonian empire
Cyrus permits Jews to emigrate to Jerusalem in the province of Yehud and sponsors the rebuilding of the temple there
Ezra the scribe went to Jerusalem from Babylonia, leading a group of priests, Levites, and other Jews
Ezra read the law to the people (Nehemiah 8)
Ezra led the people in making a covenant to "walk in God's law" (Nehemiah 10)
Artaxerxes sent Nehemiah to Jerusalem to rebuild the city. However, there is still no King. Yehud is a province of the Persian Empire
Alexander of Macedon conquered the Persian Empire and beyond. He took the Levant early in his 11-year campaign (333BC)
Greek culture spread!!
Antiochus IV suppressed Judaism and enforced pagan practices with violence
By defiling the temple Antiochus IV provoked rebellion among the Jews
Pompey completed his conquest of Syria and the Levant
AD 70 Titus conquers Jerusalem and destroyed the second temple
Alexander "the Great" Dies
After Alexander's death in Babylon his empire was divided among four of his generals
The Ptolemaic kingdom (Egypt) and the Seleucid kingdom (Syria) competed for control of the Levant, including Jerusalem
The Seleucids took Judah from the Ptolemies
At first, they gave more freedom to the Jews, but then Seleucus IV robbed the temple in Jerusalem
A Timeline of Empires in Relation to Israel