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How Ancient Egypt Influenced Our World Today
Transcript of How Ancient Egypt Influenced Our World Today
some way to the development of modern society. " Architecture Art Decoration Food and Hygiene Ancient Egypt is one of the civilizations that has played a major role in the development of society. Astronomy During the time of the Ancient Egyptians, people believed it necessary to keep time. Egyptian astronomers calculated the length of a solar year with an accuracy of six minutes, then divided the year into twelve month, a month into four weeks, and a day into 24 hours etc. Mathematics Believe it or not, the Ancient Egyptians were the first ones to use math. They are the reason why today we have to take Algebra, Geometry, and all of the other math courses. Their construction of the pyramids required some form of advanced mathematics, probably including geometry. On a more mundane level, geometry was used for the design of irrigation canals, and to assign property. Myths and Religious Beliefs The Ancient Egyptians did not know the answers to many questions that each group asks themselves, therefore creating a religion, such as what happens after someone dies? In order to explain the unknown, the civilians created myths that they strongly believed in. Some of these myths passed from Egypt to Rome, and have had a direct effect on the development of modern religious belief. Many of the common architectural methods derive from the old techniques that were used by the Ancient Egyptians, but many of the techniques that were used by the Egyptians are still not replicable, such as the design elements of Khufu’s pyramids, the complex shafts, that still remain a mystery. All of the royal furniture that the ancient explorers found in the tombs surpassed contemporaneous products both in terms of finish, and also artistically. An ancient explorer visiting the settlement of Ancient Egypt wrote in his diary, "For three successive days in each month they purge, hunting after health with emetics and clysters, and they think that all the diseases which exist are produced in men by the food on which they live: for the Egyptians are from other causes also the most healthiest of all men next after the Libyans…”(1) Medicine Modern medicine owes much to the Ancient Egyptians. Most famous of the Egyptian physicians is Imhotep, who is also renowned for his role as a Pyramid designer. Physicians such as Imhotep used a variety of methods to heal patients but based much of their practice upon religious belief: physicians in Ancient Egypt were also priests. During the time of the Ancient Egyptians, people believed it necessary to keep time. Egyptian astronomers calculated the length of a solar year with an accuracy of six minutes, then divided the year into twelve month, a month into four weeks, and a day into 24 hours etc. Mining Mining started early in Egypt, probably already 4000-5000 years B.C. Early mining targeted gold and copper deposits (as nuggets and clean copper
from the desert) first. Paper Making Papyrus is an early form of paper made from the stems of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge that grows to 5 meters (15 ft) in height and was once abundant in the Nile River delta. Papyrus was first used in Ancient Egypt around 3000 BC, but by 1000 BC, peoples from West Asia started to buy it from the Egyptians and use it themselves as it was much more convenient than clay tablets. Spreadsheets No, it was not Bill Gates who invented spreadsheets. These were widely used in Ancient Egypt to manage repeating activities, such as the keep-up of temples, maintenance and duty sheets for servicing statues and to provide sacrificial offerings. On the x-axis of the spreadsheet, figure the name of the person and his/her duty. The y-axis spells out the activities. Temples and Monuments Temples and Columns Many secular buildings (The Forum of Rome, The Vatican, Versailles, The capitol, Wall street) in the Western World have their roots in Egyptian examples. One can regard Pharaoh Hatshepsut’s temple in Luxor as ‘the mother of all temple designs.’ It has, beyond any doubt, influenced Greek temple design, which was later again copied by the Roman and several European civilizations. The classic lotus design of Corinthian columns, decorating Greek temples, Roman temples, and Wall Street originated most likely from Pharaoh Seti’s Great Temple Hall of Karnak. Sports Ancient Egyptians knew how to keep fit by playing sports. Many of the sports that we play today are practiced by Ancient Egyptians. Some of the sports they played were swimming, rowing, archery, gymnastics, boxing, high jump, weight lifting, handball, and marathon. Plus, ancient Egypt sports included marathons that were documented in variety of ancient Egyptian writing. Marathons appear to have even participate in the coronation festivities of pharaohs throughout most ancient Egyptian history Fairy-tales Our present-day version of the story closely resembles a story known in Ancient Egypt as The Girl With The Red Rose Slippers, where a young woman’s red slipper was scooped up by an falcon (representing Horus) and dropped near the prince. Upon examining the delicacy of the slipper, the prince declared that the owner would become his bride, and went about finding the woman who fit the slipper. Cultural Universals This includes elements of all cultural universals, because the modern world has been effected in all spheres. One of which is education, including math, which the Egyptians invented.