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ANTI WAR MOVEMENT VIETNAM

MS CRAGO
by

samantha weisenthal

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of ANTI WAR MOVEMENT VIETNAM

1969 Draft Lottery Begins Ho chi Minh declares independence from france America helps fund france August 1964 President Kennedy took control from France declaring war with the Tokin Gulf Resolution President Johnson becomes president and starts bombing Many college students rally for peace The Vietnam War served, as had the early civil rights movement, to spark further struggles around race, identity, and gender. prominent veterans of the civil rights struggle, including Martin Luther King, Jr., became increasingly outspoken against the war. Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), formed in 1960
Along with Draft Resistance-Seattle, SDS (originally named the Weather Underground named after the Bob Dylans lyric, “you don’t need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows”) (0:29- 1:00) ( 0:00- 0:31) By 1967, campuses across the country had developed a vocal left that
inspired more and more students as the Vietnam War (0:00- 1:27) The metaphor—“the trenches, not the beach”—was rather martial for a pacifist, but it fit the man. Philip Berrigan was among the most militant of U.S. peacemakers, an activist who spent some 11 years in prison for multiple acts of extreme nonviolent resistance committed over a span of 32 years. A radical’s radical, Berrigan defied not only the state, but the church, as undeterred by excommunication as he had been by prison; he then went on to challenge the conventions of the very movement he was part of.

(0:00-1:36) A national organization of draft resisters is formed in 1967, calling itself the Resistance, as many thousands were jailed, fled to sanctuary in
Canada, or went underground General Demographics for and Against the War Against: Anti war movement attracted college students (SDS,) Middle Class, labor unions, Civil activists (Martin Luther King Junior, Norman Mailer, etc) "Doves" Waning support for war Arguments for Continuation Arguments Against Continuation Slogans Anti war movement gains popularity in 1965
As war drags on, mounting public discontent;
Increased casualties, (15,058 killed, 109,527 wounded by 1967)
Drafting (40,000 called to service each month)
Taxpayer discontent ($25 billion per year) Protest Slogans
"How many more?"
"Ship the GI's home now!"
"One two three four! we don't want your Fk**ng war!"
"Draft beer, not boys"
"Hell no we wont go"
"Make love, not war"
"Eighteen today, dead tomorrow"
"Hey hey LBJ, how many kids did you kill today?" Pro War Slogans
"Love our country"
"America, love it our leave it"
"No glory like old glory" For: Government, Christians, "Silent majority," "Hawks" Gallup pole in 1968, 35% approval of Johnson's handling of the war, 50% disapproval Nixon's war policies
US pride and reputation (military credibility)
Communism a threat to free governments
None intervention from US may encourage rebellions elsewhere Once it began in December 1969, capsules were drawn one by one, and they were assigned different birth dates. If someone was in the drafting age, (born 1944 to 1950) and had their birthday assigned to a low number, they would be at great risk of being drafted. Example Draft Card This lottery drafting only caused more reason to oppose the War, and many began burning their drafting cards. Many falsely named themselves homosexuals, drug addicts, or injured to prevent themselves from fighting. Vietnam Veterans Against the War or VVAW VVAW Quotes initiated a number of campaigns to organize radical and antiwar groups at area high schools and focused anti-draft work around students whose draft deferments
would soon change after graduation
Philip and Daniel Berrigan, two former priests ''We destroy these draft records not only because they exploit our young men but also because they represent misplaced power concentrated in the ruling class of America.'' It continued, ''We confront the Catholic Church, other Christian bodies, and the synagogues of America with their silence and cowardice in the face of our country's crimes.'' http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1525&bih=727&tbm=isch&tbnid=iPuoOUck8_uVHM:&imgrefurl=http://www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19710125,00.html&docid=EOHQpeyFRv1rPM&imgurl=http://img.timeinc.net/time/magazine/archive/covers/1971/1101710125_400.jpg&w=400&h=527&ei=qz1_ULLiDKLL0AGj54DwAQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=175&vpy=120&dur=180&hovh=258&hovw=196&tx=117&ty=126&sig=116596823263206682363&page=1&tbnh=141&tbnw=110&start=0&ndsp=33&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0,i:72
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/08/us/philip-berrigan-former-priest-peace-advocate-vietnam-war-era-dies-79.html
The student strike, from roughly May 10-18 part of a larger month of explosive protests, campus occupations, and marches in Seattle, and
though short, students began to re-think the role of the university in society and set up their own “New University” classes http://depts.washington.edu/labpics/repository/main.php?g2_itemId=2587&g2_GALLERYSID=TMP_SESSION_ID_DI_NOISSES_PMT http://www.nonviolent-conflict.org/index.php/movements-and-campaigns/movements-and-campaigns-summaries?sobi2Task=sobi2Details&catid=23&sobi2Id=21 youtube Works consulted http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/vietnam/antiwar.html http://www.history.com/topics/vietnam-war-protests http://ehistory.osu.edu/vietnam/index.cfm An Overview of the Movement Against the Vietnam War Moral
North Vietnamese fighting a patriotic war
Civilian casualties
Drafting
Disproportionate number of African-American casualties Economic
Taxpayer discontent
Money spent on military spending instead of domestic projects Environmental
US planes dropping defoliating chemicals The nomination of pro-war candidates by the two major political parties despite widespread anti-war sentiments, combined with violent police actions (1:09-1:41 2:10-end) First since 1942
Abolished in 1973 An estimated 70,000 American men fled to Canada to evade the draft. "I hope that someday I can return to Vietnam and help rebuild the country we tore apart" "Here's my merit badge for murder!" (while throwing medal)
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