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Transcript of The Odyssey
The Fall of Troy
How will this help on the AP?
Over a period of 10 years
Athena and Poseidon angered
Punish Greek victors
Athena pities Odysseus eventually
The Trojan War
Eris, the goddess of discord, stirs up trouble among Athena, Aphrodite, and Hera.
The prince of Troy, Paris (or Alexander), was destined to bring Troy to ruin.
Menelaus and his brother Agamemnon are princes of Sparta.
make Paris lord of Europe and Asia
ensured Paris would lead Troy to victory against the Greeks
promised Paris the most beautiful woman in the world
Helen of Troy
Aphrodite knows most beautiful woman in the world, Helen, is promised to Menelaus, the Prince of Sparta. Paris visits them, and steals Helen from the court.
Circe to the Way Home
Aphrodite, Artemis, Apollo, and Ares
Hera, Athena, and Poseidon
Reference to Literature
While Odysseus is believed to be dead, a handful of suitors stays at his faithful wife's house
Rhaegar Targaryen kidnaps Lyanna, and Robert raises an army of allies to win her back.
Rhaegar = Paris
Aeolus gave Odysseus a leather sack that held all the storm winds
Robert Baratheon was promised to marry Lyanna Stark
Robert = Menelaus
Lyanna = Helen
Cyclops Polyphemus took many lives of Odysseus' crew
Ned Stark, a brotherly figure to Robert, leads his armies against Rhaegar to win back Lyanna.
Ned = Agamemnon
The Brother Figure
There are plenty of works that concern the theme of a self-fulfilling prophecy, which Paris demonstrated in the Trojan War. For any questions that ask about the choices a character makes, you can use the example of the Trojan War to show that characters sometimes act even though they know the consequences.
The Fall of Troy
What Happened Next
- Story of Achilles' prophecy/death
- Athena's role in the Trojan War
- source of dramatic irony
- dark horse/underdog idea
- divine intervention
- finding opponent's weaknesses and exploiting them
Athena convinces the other gods (besides Poseidon who is mad at her) to help Odysseus return home
Penelope keeps the suitors at bay by making a shroud that is never finished
The lotus eaters eat a narcotic flower that leaves them loopy
Some of Odysseus' shipmates eat the flower and refuse to return to the ship; Odysseus drags them on board and sets sail
Then they sailed to the country of the Winds, ruled by Aeolus
This specific myth is relevant because it acts as a template for many literary works incorporating travel, long trips, or even emotional/physical hardships. Also, hardship proves to be an important point in the Odyssey. The myth can be incorporated as an allusion, symbolic reference, or an example comparing an excerpt to the plot-line of the Odyssey.
Opens too soon and is blown off course again
(Polyphemus' story previously described)
Where is Odysseus?
Athena helps Odysseus get home, by disguising him as a old beggar and bringing him to a fellow fisherman's house. When Telemachus comes, he recognizes his father and they are reunited. Odysseus goes home, and kills all the suitors.
The Trojan War
- 10 Year War "The Endless War"
- Greeks vs. Trojans
- Trojans lose the war
- Odysseus' idea
- Greeks acted like they surrendered
- Hid in the horse & attacked Troy during the nighttime
Laestrygons destroy all ships except for Odysseus' ship.
Circe turns crew into swine. With Hermes' help,
Odysseus frees his crew from Circe,
and turns them back into men.
Circe admires him for resisting, and falls in love.
With prophecies from Circe and a seer, Odysseus knows he will face the Sirens, the passage between Scylla and Charybdis, the Island of the Sun, to Calypso's island, and finally the Phaeacian kingdom of King Alcinous.
- Aphrodite helps a Trojan
- Helen escapes with Menelaus
- Fiery ruins