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AMERICAN LITERATURE

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by

Maria Prini

on 23 November 2014

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Transcript of AMERICAN LITERATURE

REALISM
REVOLUTIONARY/AGE OF REASON

French and Indian war ended;
American Revolution (1775-1780);
French Revolution
Reflection and common sense as guides to understanding divine design;
Literary form: essays:
Major writer: Benjamin, Franklin
COLONIAL PERIOD
Puritans wanted to reform (purify) the Church of England
A person's fate was determined by God
Social Covenant, "No privacy"
Puritan Authors: Jonathan Edwards and William Bradford
Literary Genres : Sermons, Captivity, Diaries and Jeremiads.


EDGAR ALLAN POE
THE MODERNISM
It was a time for tragedy, violence and death
The First World War had broken out
Industrialism
Women started to vote
Nuclear Age
The second World War
Post- Impressionism/ Cubism
Nihilism, the rejection of all religious and more moral principles as the only means of obtaining social progress
The modernists repudiated the moral codes and they did not believe in God.
Was a writer interested in psychology and the darker side of human nature.
Poe wanted to help develop a national literature.
Literary Genres
Gothic
American Romanticism
Classicism
Edgar Allan Poe
Poe made important contributions to American Literature in three areas:
The short story
Literary criticism
Poetry
The Fall of the House of Usher (1839) was the best known of Poe's tales.
In Ulalume (1847) another of his many poems about beautiful women who are now dead.
The Southern Literary Messenger were read everywhere in America.
A time marked by the Cold War and the excess of consumption
Many violations of human rights
Use of the technology for evil
Well-known writers: Sylvia, Plath and Tomas Pynchon
A huge impact on fiction, especially for the novel.
POSTMODERNISM
The end of the Civil War
Industrial Revolution
Protestantism,main religion
Advances in communication and transportation
The first transcontinental road was built
Slavery was abolished
Natural resources were discovered and exploited
Types of writing : Slave narrative
Representative Author : Emily, Dickinson
Main writer: John Steinbeck
"The Fall of the House of Usher”
is the story of a sick man whose fears are manifested through his supernatural and sentient family.
The story explores both physical and mental illness, and the effect that such afflictions have on the people closest to those who are sick.
Usher” explores a family so bizarre and isolated The bond between the brother and his sister is so intense and inexplicable – possibly it’s incestuous.
Therefore, some themes that this short story includes are madness, family and isolation.
ANALYSIS
The Fall of the House of Usher" shows Poe's ability to create an emotional tone in his work, specifically feelings of fear, doom, and guilt. These emotions center on Roderick Usher who suffers from an unnamed disease. The illness manifests physically but it is based in Roderick's mental or even moral state. He buries his alive sister , creating his own self-fulfilling prophecy.
CONCLUSION
THIS FINAL WORK ABOUT AMERICAN LITERATURE SHOWED ME HOW DIFFERENT ASPECTS SUCH AS HISTORICAL AND LITERARY MARKED EACH PERIOD, WITH ITS MOST MEANINGFUL FACTS WHICH GAVE A NEW MEANING TO PEOPLE´S LIFE .
ALSO, IT HELPED ME TO KNOW A BIT MORE ABOUT THE HISTORY OF TWO REVOLUTIONARY CONTINENTS AS GREAT WRITERS AND COMMON PEOPLE MARKED OUR PRESENT.

Use of wishful thinking over reality
Emotion, feeling and passion
American Renaissance
First Association of workers, known as Trade Union
Peterloo Mas
Writers such as Harriet and Stowe Beecher saw the human journey as a declaration of independence.
Romantic Period was associated with Liberalism and Radicalism
A reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature
A revolt against the aristocratic social and political norms of Enlightenment.

Romanticism
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Jamestown was the first territory settled in 1607 by Puritans
Maryland was established by George Calvert,who converted to Catholicism
Plymouth was founded by separatist Puritans
In 1629, Puritans persecuted by Carlos' Government founded Massachusetts colony
Georgia was the last colony founded by James Oglethorpe in 1733
All colonies were subject to the London's authority
European market started to descend. It caused a problem in England
Elizabeth I took the decision to diversify its own domestic market
Religion, a process of evangelism was not given as happened with the Spanish Colonization.

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